Tomás Marín de Poveda, 1st Marquis of Cañada Hermosa

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Tomás Marín de Poveda

Marqués de Cañada Hermosa
Caballero de Santiago
MarinDePoveda.JPG
Royal Governor of Chile
In office
January 6, 1692 – December 23, 1700
MonarchCharles II
Preceded byJosé de Garro
Succeeded byFrancisco Ibáñez
Personal details
Born(1650-02-26)26 February 1650
Lúcar, Almería Province, Spain
Died8 October 1703(1703-10-08) (aged 53)
Santiago, Chile
Spouse(s)Juana Urdanegui
ProfessionLieutenant General

Tomás López Marín y González de Poveda, 1st Marquis of Cañada Hermosa (Spanish: Tomás López Marín y González de Poveda, primer Marqués de Cañada Hermosa) (February 26, 1650 – October 8, 1703) was a Spanish colonial administrator who served as Royal Governor of Chile.

Early life[edit]

Tomás Marín de Poveda was born in Lúcar, Almería Province, the son of Tomás López Marín and María González de Poveda.[1] He came to America in 1687 with his uncle, who had been named Archbishop of Charcas, in present-day Bolivia. Afterwards, in 1670, he moved to Chile for the first time with the retinue of governor Juan Henríquez.

He later returned to Spain, where he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and named Royal Governor of Chile on July 1, 1683. However, he was forced to wait for the term of the serving governor, José del Garro, to expire before travelling to take up his post, this meant that he could not assume until 1692.

On August 9, 1687, he was made a knight of the Order of Santiago. In 1689, he wrote a Funereal Prayer for Marie Louise of Orléans (Spanish: Oracion Funebre a Doña María Luisa de Orleans) to mark the death of the Queen.[2]

As Governor of Chile[edit]

His administration was marked by a brief flare-up of the Arauco War. In 1694 the Toqui Millalpal and the Mapuche were incited to revolt by the unauthorized activities of Antonio Pedreros, the Commissary for Indian Affairs, against their machis, whom Pedreros had tried to violently isolate and relocate.[3] Pedreros died of wounds when his force tried to cross the Quepe River to attack Millalpal.

The Spanish army of the Captaincy General of Chile was then sent against Millalpal under Maestre de Campo Alonso de Cordova and the Sargento Mayor Alonso Cobarrubias was impossible for Millalpal to resist and he had to capitulate. The governor then called the Parliament of Choque-Choque with the Mapuche, realizing Pedreros had been the source of the dispute and made a peace that lasted for nearly thirty years.

Also Poveda had to deal with the expeditions of various pirates against Chilean trade, and the competition between the various functionaries of the Real Audiencia of Chile. During his term, he founded the cities of San Agustín of Talca , Rengo (Villa Hermosa) and Chimbarongo.

After his tenure, he received the title Marquis of Cañada Hermosa. He died in Santiago a year later, in 1703.

In 2019 the title was rehabilitated by a cousin of the 1st Marquis, Nick Loeb Count of San Pascual Bailón.[4][circular reference][5]

Additional information[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Medina, José Toribio (1906). Diccionario Biográfico Colonial de Chile (PDF) (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta Elzeviriana. p. 500.
  2. ^ Medina, José Toribio (1906). Diccionario Biográfico Colonial de Chile (PDF) (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta Elzeviriana. p. 501.
  3. ^ Cordoba y Figueroa, Pedro de (1862). Historia de Chile (1492-1717) (in Spanish). Santiago, Chile: Imprenta del Ferrocarril. p. 310.
  4. ^ es:Condado de San Pascual Bailón
  5. ^ http://www.regione.puglia.it/documents/10192/37907702/Bollettino+numero+1+-+Ordinario+-+anno+2019/c612290f-7911-4c32-a6ea-59d81adab671;jsessionid=CD7ECFF1C195B74069C2422101ED735F

Sources[edit]

Spanish nobility
Preceded by
New title
Marquis of Cañada Hermosa
1701–1703
Succeeded by
José Marín de Poveda
Government offices
Preceded by
José de Garro
Royal Governor of Chile
1692–1700
Succeeded by
Francisco Ibáñez