Tom Conte

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For the Scottish actor, see Tom Conti.

Thomas Martin Conte (born 1964) is a professor of Computer Science at Georgia Institute of Technology's College of Computing; and, since 2011, also a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (joint appointed) at Georgia Institute of Technology's College of Engineering. He is a fellow of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). He currently serves as the 2015 President of the IEEE Computer Society.

Biography[edit]

Conte received his Bachelor of Electrical Engineering degree in 1986 from the University of Delaware, his Master of Science in Electrical Engineering in 1988 from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and his Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering in 1992 from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He started his career as an Assistant Professor at the University of South Carolina. In 1995, Conte moved to North Carolina State University (in Raleigh, North Carolina), where he was an Assistant Professor (1995 - 1998), then an Associate Professor (1998 - 2002), and finally a full Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering (2003 - 2008). During the summer of 2008 Conte moved to Atlanta, GA and took his current position as a joint full professor of Computer Science in the College of Computing and Electrical & Computer Engineering in the College of Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology. Somewhere in there (2000 - 2001) he took a short detour to DSP startup BOPS, inc. to serve as a manager of their back and compiler group and "Chief Microarchitect" (because they already had a "Chief Architect").[1]

In 2004, the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign awarded Conte its Young Alumni Achievement Award.

Conte currently directs several Ph.D students in topics ranging from compiler design to advanced microarchitectures. His research is or has been supported by DARPA, Compaq (formerly Digital), Hewlett-Packard (formerly Compaq), IBM, Intel, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Sun, NASA, and the National Science Foundation.[2][3][4]

Conte is best known for contributions to the fields of compiler code generation, computer architecture and computer performance evaluation.[5]

In 2014 Dr. Conte was voted to be the 2015 President of the IEEE Computer Society.

Academic contributions[edit]

Computer architecture[edit]

Conte realized in the early 90’s that Flynn’s prediction of the fetch bandwidth being the limit to increasing instruction level parallelism was coming true. His oft-cited International Symposium on Computer Architecture paper and subsequent work on instruction fetch mechanisms have influenced industry and spawned much follow-on research. More recently, Conte and his Ph.D. students invented a technique to predict data values with very high (~90%) accuracy and showed how predicting data values can be used to scale the memory wall by enabling aggressive prefetching. The work is of great interest to industry design teams who are struggling with performance limitations imposed by the speed gap between microprocessors and memory systems. Conte and his students have also developed a very small yet highly effective prefetcher termed the Spectral Prefetcher. This was published in the ACM Transactions on Computer Systems.

Conte has also contributed to EPIC architectures. One well-known example is that his technique for the then-pressing problem (ca. early ‘90s) of VLIW cross-generation code compatibility. In a technique he and his students termed “dynamic rescheduling,” Conte brought to bear on the problem collaboration between the ISA, the hardware and the compiler to reschedule code with minimal performance loss at first-time page misses to the code. This work has major implications on the long-term viability of the EPIC architecture proposed in Intel Itanium processor family. The research also helped make code optimization during runtime a practical approach. In this way, his research is now also considered one of the pioneering works on dynamic code optimization. One of his Ph.D. students went on to build tools such as the HP Dynamo dynamic optimizer and another Ph.D. student went on to build the IBM DAISY dynamic optimizer.

Compiler code generation[edit]

Conte has also made significant contributions to profile-driven optimization. He was the first to realize that the limit to profile-driven optimization wasn’t the technology itself, but it was the slowdown due to profiling that prevented its adoption by industry. He and his students devised clever techniques to extract profile information from branch predictors on Intel Pentium processor. He then went on to prescribe new design criteria for microprocessor performance monitoring hardware to make such hardware useful to a compiler. The results are reflected in the performance counters that are present in the Intel Itanium, co-designed by one of Conte’s Ph.D. students (Kishore Menezes). In compiler code generation, Conte developed Treegion Scheduling, a novel technique for code scheduling that is used today in VLIW DSP compilers. The technique can produce performance similar to Scott Mahlke’s hyperblock scheduling, but without needing predication support in the hardware. He and his students also invented a technique for scheduling code in the presence of distributed register files (as are common in DSPs), optimizing code for both run time efficiency and code size efficiency (as is critical for embedded code), and exploiting value locality in code generation of EPIC architectures.

Computer performance analysis[edit]

Conte has devised long lasting and important techniques for fast simulation of computer architectures. One example of this are his techniques for applying sampling to processor performance studies in such a way as to allow the calculation of confidence intervals. Prior to that work, there had been no attempt to introduce error bar calculations into sampling. The results were expected to be taken on faith alone. He similarly pioneered fast simulation techniques for caches and processor pipelines. He continues to be active here and has consulted on this topic for many companies, including AT&T, IBM, NCR S3 (SonicBlue) and Qualcomm.

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