Laura Jane Grace

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Laura Jane Grace
Against Me! Rock am Ring 2014 (50).JPG
Grace performing in 2014
Born Thomas James Gabel
(1980-11-08) November 8, 1980 (age 35)
Fort Benning, Georgia, United States
Spouse(s) Tiffany Kay (m. 2000; div. 2004)[1]
Heather Hannoura (m. 2007; div. 2013)[2]
Website www.againstme.net
Musical career
Origin Gainesville, Florida, United States
Genres Punk rock
Occupation(s) Musician, songwriter, singer, guitarist, record producer
Instruments Vocals, guitar, bass, harmonica
Years active 1990s–present
Labels Misanthrope, Crasshole, Plan-It-X, No Idea, Sabot, Fat Wreck Chords, Sire, Total Treble
Associated acts Against Me!

Laura Jane Grace (born Thomas James Gabel, November 8, 1980) is an American musician best known as the founder, lead singer, songwriter and guitarist of the punk rock band Against Me!. Starting as a solo act in 1997, Against Me! expanded into a quartet and released six studio albums, experiencing breakthrough success with 2007's New Wave and 2010's White Crosses. Grace also released a solo EP, Heart Burns, in 2008. In 2011, she founded the Total Treble recording studio and an accompanying record label, Total Treble Music.

Grace was married to visual artist Heather Hannoura from 2007 to 2014, when the two separated.[3] Having dealt with gender dysphoria since childhood, Grace publicly came out as a transgender woman in 2012,[4] ceasing to use her birth name and taking the name Laura Jane Grace.

Biography

1980–96: Early life

Grace was born Thomas James Gabel as an assigned male in Fort Benning, Georgia, the child of United States Army Major Thomas Gabel and Bonnie Gabel (née Grace).[2][5] The family moved frequently between military bases, living briefly in Fort Hood, Texas; Pennsylvania; Ohio; Germany; and at a NATO post in Italy during the Gulf War.[2][5][6][7] When she was 8 years old, living in Italy, Grace bought her first guitar with money saved from mowing lawns and took guitar lessons from an army officer.[8][9][10] Grace experienced feelings of gender dysphoria from an early age.[5][11][12]

Grace's parents had an acrimonious divorce when she was 11 years old, and never spoke to one another again.[5][13] "I think [Laura] became the catchall for the anger of the split", said Grace's mother, who moved them to Naples, Florida to live with Grace's grandmother.[5][11] Grace felt severely depressed during this time, recalling it as "a period of extreme dysphoria – of just not wanting to be male".[5] Constantly bullied at school and called a "faggot", by age 13, Grace was experimenting seriously with alcohol and drugs; including marijuana, LSD, and cocaine, and was arrested for possession of marijuana at 14.[5][13] She would go on to struggle with addiction for years.[5] Other coping mechanisms included skipping school to cross-dress at home.[5]

While in junior high school Grace became a fan of punk rock, attracted to the nihilistic and anarchistic ideals of the genre.[2][5] At age 12, she played bass in her first band, the Black Shadows/ the Leather Dice (they had never agreed on a name) which mostly played Nirvana and Pearl Jam covers.[14][10] An arrest at age 14 crystallized her aversion to authority: having gone to the beach on Independence Day 1995 to watch fireworks, "I walked up on the boardwalk, and a cop was like 'Hey, get off the boardwalk; you're blocking the flow of traffic'. So I turned around and got off, and he came up to me again and was like, 'Get off the boardwalk.' And I was like 'I'm off the boardwalk.'"[2] Grace claims to have then been slammed into a police car, thrown face-first to the pavement, jumped on, hogtied, carried "like a suitcase", put in a holding cell, not allowed to call her mom at that time,[15] charged with resisting arrest and battery, placed under house arrest for the summer, and required to do 180 hours of community service, all because "I was a dirty, grubby little punk kid with black spiky hair who hadn't washed his pants in a year."[2][9][13] Grace's mother hired an attorney she could ill afford who took the case to court and lost.[15] Grace later said the experience "changed my life. [It] politicized me."[16] "I have an inherent trust of mankind. I think authority and government base their power on violence. I refuse to recognize anyone's power over me."[2] After the incident, Grace came to identify with British anarcho-punk band Crass, calling them "to me, the best band to ever blend music and politics":[6] "I felt like Crass' music legitimately made a change. They really backed up what they were doing. I saw that writing a song against something was just as valid as standing on a street corner holding a sign."[2] She befriended James Bowman when they met on their first day of high school; the two have been close ever since.[5][15]"We were both punk rock kids with spiky hair and more belts than necessary", recalls Bowman. "We just hung out and smoked pot and did normal kid things."[2] Grace's first tattoo—a Crass logo on the right ankle—was done by Bowman, though she later covered it up with a tattoo of the Rebel Alliance symbol because Bowman had been drunk and inked it sloppily.[2][5][13] At age 16, Grace published a zine called "Misanthrope" which dealt mostly with political issues at the time. The "highlight of her career" was when she interviewed Bobby Seale.[11][14][17] Grace played bass in a band called the Adversaries with Dustin Fridkin and a "revolving cast" of drummers from 1994 to 1996. The lineups were not stable, and the band had various names, including the Snot Rockets, Upper Crust, and eventually the Adversaries. They released one demo. The breakup of the Adversaries led to Grace briefly playing in a band called Common Affliction in 1996. The ending of Common Affliction led to Grace recording the first Against Me! demo tape in 1997.[11][14][18]

1997–2005: Forming Against Me! and first marriage

For more details on the band, see Against Me!.

In 1997, at age 17, Grace dropped out of high school and began writing songs, naming the musical project Against Me!.[5][19] Moving to Gainesville, Florida at 18, she began performing as Against Me!, either alone on an acoustic guitar or with friend Kevin Mahon accompanying by drumming on pickle buckets.[2][5] Her songs drew influence from early acoustic protest music, covering topics such as class struggle.[2][20] Early Against Me! shows were played at dive bars, laundromats, and anywhere else that would allow Grace to perform, to audiences of a few or even zero.[5][20] Making ends meet by working odd jobs, dumpster diving, selling blood plasma, and living in a low-rent house with twelve roommates across the street from an experimental waste dump,[11] Grace also volunteered with nonprofit socialist groups such as Food Not Bombs.[2][5] She was arrested again at 18 for obstruction of justice and resisting arrest without violence: "I was picking up [Mahon]. He was like, 'Pop the trunk—I want to throw some stuff in there.' I was waiting in the car and I saw two cop cars come up behind me. I got out and they had my friend on the ground. I went up to the first officer I saw and said, 'Excuse me, officer, what’s going on?' He's like, 'Down on the ground—you're going to jail.' I started to ask another question and he grabbed me, slammed me into the cop car, and arrested me."[13]

In 2000, Grace convinced Bowman to move to Gainesville and began teaching him how to play Against Me! songs on guitar.[2] She also married at this time, though the marriage would end in divorce four years later: "It was more of an embarrassing thing", she later stated. "I was 20—I was way naive and shouldn't have gotten married that young."[2] After some early EP releases, Against Me! developed into a full band consisting of Grace, Bowman, bassist Dustin Fridkin, and drummer Warren Oakes. Their debut album, Against Me! Is Reinventing Axl Rose, was released in 2002 through local independent record label No Idea Records.[20] With Fridkin replaced by Andrew Seward, the band signed to Fat Wreck Chords for 2003's Against Me! as the Eternal Cowboy and 2005's Searching for a Former Clarity.[2][20] The latter sold over 65,000 copies and was their first album to chart on the Billboard 200, reaching 114.[2][21] Against Me! supported it with a tour of all 50 U.S. states.[2][20]

As Against Me!'s popularity increased, Grace felt alienated from the male-centric punk scene: "With the band especially, I felt more and more like I was putting on an act – like I was being shoved into this role of 'angry white man in a punk band.'"[5][9] The stresses of the band's tour schedule, coupled with going through a divorce at age 24, contributed to her addiction: "I was just getting fucked up all the time: drinking, drugs, whatever. I felt unhealthy and depressed about so many things"[2][9] Throughout this time Grace made oblique references to gender dysphoria in song lyrics, including "The Disco Before the Breakdown" ("I know they're going to laugh at us / when they see us out together 'holding hands' like this"), "Violence" ("You've been keeping secrets [...] Nothing but shame and paranoia"), and "Searching for a Former Clarity" ("In the journal you kept by the side of your bed [...] confessing childhood secrets of dressing up in women's clothes / Compulsions you never knew the reasons to").[5] To help escape the stress and depression, Grace spent 18 months living in hotels on the outskirts of Gainesville while writing the next Against Me! album.[2][22]

2006–11: Second marriage, mainstream success and Heart Burns

Grace (pre-transition) performing with Against Me! at the 2007 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival

In December 2005, Against Me! signed to Sire Records, a subsidiary of the Warner Music Group.[2][5][20] With increased mainstream exposure, Grace swore off cross-dressing and other expressions of femininity: "You go through periods of binging and purging. I was 25, we were about to go on a long period of touring, and I was like, 'That's it. I'm getting rid of all this. I'm male, and that's it.'"[5][11] In March 2006, while touring as an opening act for Alkaline Trio, Grace met artist Heather Hannoura, who designed merchandise for Alkaline Trio and other bands.[5][23] The two spent the summer together on the Warped Tour, began living together, and got tattoos of each others' names.[5] They married in December 2007, after a year-long engagement.[2][5] At the time Grace had firmly committed to living as a man, saying the gender dysphoria "wasn't completely overwhelming. There wasn't any malice in terms of withholding anything. Our relationship completely consumed my thoughts."[5] Grace also became a vegan in 2006.[2]

Against Me!'s first major-label album, 2007's New Wave, brought the band mainstream success: It debuted at no. 57 on the Billboard 200; featured their first charting single, "Thrash Unreal", which reached no. 11 on Billboard's Modern Rock Tracks chart; and was named as Spin's album of the year.[21][24][25] The song "The Ocean" directly referenced Grace's gender dysphoria, with the lyrics "If I could have chosen, I would have been born a woman / My mother once told me she would have named me Laura / I would grow up to be strong and beautiful like her / One day I'd find an honest man to make my husband".[5][26][27] Though Grace anticipated "completely outing myself" with the song, no one involved with the band seemed to pick up on the lyrics' literal meaning.[5] She also wanted to cross-dress in the music video for "Thrash Unreal", but the label's A&R representative vetoed the idea.[5]

In August 2007 Grace was arrested in Tallahassee, Florida, on charges of battery, following a confrontation with a coffee shop patron after Grace tore down an article about Against Me! that had been hung up and defaced to mock the band.[28][29] Grace allegedly knocked a cup out of the man's hand, then forced his head into the wooden counter.[28][29] She admitted to intentionally knocking over the cup but denied hitting the man, and was released on bail the following morning.[29] "We were playing at this place The Beta Bar," she said, "and this coffee shop next door was having a protest show against ours. I mean... go protest the fucking war!"[28][30]

Grace's solo EP, Heart Burns, was released in October 2008.[19][31] Timed to coincide with that year's United States presidential election, the EP's songs addressed the country's political and economic climate, criticizing presidential candidate John McCain and the trial of environmental activist Eric McDavid.[19][31] "I wanted to do something that was the complete opposite of New Wave in the sense of approach", she said. "I didn't want to really think about it. I didn't want to obsess about anything. I just wanted to go in and play songs. I wanted to record because it'll be fun, and that's what this is supposed to be about."[13] Grace supported the EP by performing on The Revival Tour with Chuck Ragan of Hot Water Music, Tim Barry of Avail, and Ben Nichols of Lucero.[31]

Grace and Hannoura have a daughter together, Evelyn, born October 30, 2009.[5] Grace's feelings of dysphoria "started coming back really strong" about the time Hannoura became pregnant that February, but were not acted on.[5] The family moved to St. Augustine, Florida in 2010, when Evelyn was about a year old.[5] Against Me!'s fifth studio album, White Crosses, was released that year and became their most successful, reaching no. 34 on the Billboard 200.[21] By that September, however, Grace began taking week-long writing trips alone, checking into hotels dressed as a woman and writing a concept album titled Transgender Dysphoria Blues, about a transsexual prostitute.[5][11] Against Me! cancelled a series of tour dates in October and November 2010 due to "a culmination of circumstances engulfing us", and left Sire/Warner.[32] In 2011, Grace purchased an abandoned post office in Elkton, Florida, converting it into a recording studio called Total Treble and launched an accompanying record label, Total Treble Music, through which to issue future Against Me! releases.[5][33][34] The first album recorded at the studio was Cheap Girls' Giant Orange (2012), which also marked Grace's first experience as a record producer.[34][35]

2012–present: Transition and Transgender Dysphoria Blues

The cliché is that you're a woman trapped in a man's body, but it's not that simple. It's a feeling of detachment from your body and from yourself. And it's shitty, man. It's really fucking shitty.[5]

—Grace, describing gender dysphoria in 2012

I woud describe it as a feeling of misalignment. Where the gender you feel (internally) doesn't match up with your assigned gender at birth. When you're too young to know what it is, it turns into shame.[36]

—Grace, describing gender dysphoria in 2014

Grace publicly came out as transgender in May 2012, announcing plans to transition to living as a woman.[5][37][38] Having been inspired to come out after meeting a transgender Against Me! fan, Grace had informed the rest of the band that February.[5][38]

Grace has been undergoing medical transition since May 2012. She is receiving HRT to inhibit body and facial hair growth and increase breast size.[4] At the time, she also mentioned plans to undergo electrolysis.[5] She has said she may consider breast implants and facial plastic surgery, but has remained apprehensive about chondrolaryngoplasty and bottom surgery: In 2012 saying, "I don't give a fuck if I lose my penis. It's just fucking scary because of the surgery. I've needed to have my wisdom teeth removed for five years, and I still haven't."[5] She said in a May 2012 interview with Rolling Stone that she would live as a woman and undergo psychotherapy for a year before considering full sex reassignment surgery: "Right now, I'm in this awkward transition period. I look like a dude, and feel like a dude, and it sucks. But eventually I'll flip, and I'll present as female."[5] In 2015, saying, "I think it's perfectly valid [for a trans person] to never undergo bottom surgery".[39]

The singer now goes by the name Laura Jane Grace.[4] "Laura" is the name her mother would have chosen had she been assigned female at birth; "Jane" was selected simply because she thinks it's pretty; "Grace" is her mother's maiden name.[5] Grace and her wife are currently going through divorce proceedings, and have been separated since August 2013. [9][40] Grace plans to continue performing in Against Me!, saying "However fierce our band was in the past, imagine me, six-foot-two, in heels, fucking screaming into someone's face."[5][38]

In response to Grace's announcement, a number of figures in the punk community voiced their support, including musicians Brian Fallon, Brendan Kelly, Franz Nicolay, and Mike Shinoda; cartoonist Mitch Clem; and professional wrestler CM Punk.[41] Herndon Graddick, President of the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation, hoped that Grace's public profile would increase public awareness and acceptance of transgender people: "[Laura] is displaying extraordinary courage by coming out as transgender after already establishing herself as a rock star. For many of the band's fans, this may be the first time they're actually thinking about transgender people and the bravery it sometimes takes in order to be true to yourself."[42]

In May 2012, in San Diego, Grace performed with Against Me!, being billed under her new name for the first time.[43][44]

Against Me!'s sixth studio album, Transgender Dysphoria Blues, was released on January 21, 2014.

From March to August 24, 2016 she dated Canadian singer Béatrice Martin, aka Coeur de Pirate, who made her coming out as queer after the Orlando Pulse Shooting [45][46][47]

Other works

In 2014, Grace was included as part of The Advocate''s annual "40 under 40" list.[48] She also participated in a 10-part documentary called "True Trans"; where she interviewed "gender variant people from all walks of life", to allow them to tell their stories, in addition to telling hers.[49][50] In 2015, Grace worked with Joan Jett and Miley Cyrus to make videos for the "Happy Hippie Foundation" to raise money for homeless LGBT youth. In March 2016, Grace announced the final title of her autobiography, entitled Tranny: Confessions Of Punk Rock's Most Infamous Anarchist Sellout, to be released November 15, 2016.[51] The book was known under a working title of Kill Me Loudly or Killing Me Loudly in 2015.[52][53]

Discography

With Against Me!

Studio albums
Live albums
Demo albums
EPS

Solo

See also

References

  1. ^ http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?gl=allgs&gss=sfs28_ms_r_f-2_s&new=1&rank=1&gsfn=Thomas%20James&gsfn_x=0&gsln=Gabel&gsln_x=0&msypn__ftp=Florida%2C%20USA&msypn=12&msypn_PInfo=5-%7C0%7C1652393%7C0%7C2%7C0%7C12%7C0%7C0%7C0%7C0%7C0%7C&MSAV=0&cp=0&catbucket=rstp&uidh=000
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Rafferty, Brian (August 2007). "Sunshine State". Spin. New York City: Spin Media LLC: 78–82. Retrieved May 13, 2012. 
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  4. ^ a b c Montgomery, James (December 20, 2012). "Against Me!'s Laura Jane Grace Gives Revealing Life at New Life, New Closet". mtv.com. MTV. Retrieved December 20, 2012. 
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  10. ^ a b "An Interview With AGAINST ME!'s Front-Woman LAURA JANE GRACE About The Band's Next Album, Her Book And More! | All Access Music". music.allaccess.com. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
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  31. ^ a b c Brown, August (October 25, 2008). "His Six Strings Ring Out Opinions". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 16, 2012. 
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  33. ^ Strummer, Brittany (June 3, 2011). "Against Me! Announce New Record Label Total Treble Music". Punknews.org. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  34. ^ a b Cherrie, Chrysta. "Review: Giant Orange". Allmusic. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
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  39. ^ "pandamian". www.pandamian.org. Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  40. ^ "Laura Jane Grace, Transgender Punk, On Life In Transition". NPR. January 19, 2014. 
  41. ^ Wisniewski, Kira (May 10, 2012). "Punk community Reactions to Laura Jane Grace News". Punknews.org. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
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  44. ^ "Against Me! singer Tom Gabel plays first gig as a woman | News". Nme.Com. May 27, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Coeur de Pirate en couple avec une chanteuse transgenre" (French). Le Soleil. July 5, 2016.
  46. ^ admin (2016-08-24). "Coeur de Pirate broke with trans singer Laura Jane Grace!". Retrieved 2016-08-30. 
  47. ^ "Laura Jane Grace: A Trans Punk Rocker's Fight to Rebuild Her Life". Retrieved 2016-09-21. 
  48. ^ "Laura Jane Grace Doesn't Apologize for Being Herself". The Advocate. August 20, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Finding Trans". aol.on. Retrieved 2016-04-21. 
  50. ^ "Finding Trans". aol.on. Retrieved 2016-05-12. 
  51. ^ "Against Me!'s Laura Jane Grace Announces Memoir". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 
  52. ^ BT Fresca Limited. "Books, stationery, gifts and much more". WHSmith. Retrieved July 13, 2015. 
  53. ^ "Against Me!'s Laura Jane Grace to Release Memoir 'Tranny' Later This Year". Billboard. Retrieved 2016-03-22. 

External links