Thomas Stephen Gries|
December 20, 1922
Pacific Palisades, California
|Occupation||Director, writer, producer|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Eleanor Munday|
Thomas Stephen "Tom" Gries (December 20, 1922 – January 3, 1977) was an American TV and film director, writer, and film producer.
Life and career
Gries began working in TV in the 1950s as a writer and director. His work can be seen on such popular programs as Bronco, Wanted: Dead or Alive, The Westerner, The Rifleman, Checkmate, Cain's Hundred,, East Side/West Side, Route 66, Stoney Burke, Combat!, The Man from U.N.C.L.E., Honey West, I Spy, Mission: Impossible, and Batman among many others. Gries won Emmy Awards for his direction on East Side/West Side in 1964 and The Glass House in 1972.
In the cinema, Gries both wrote and directed the adventure film Serpent Island (1954) starring Sonny Tufts, and the Korean War film Hell's Horizon (1955) starring John Ireland. Between television directing gigs, Gries helmed The Girl in the Woods, a 1958 drama starring Forrest Tucker and Barton MacLane. Gries both wrote the screenplay and directed the 1959 Jack Buetel western Mustang! before concentrating his efforts exclusively on television for almost a decade. In a triumphant return to cinema, Tom Gries wrote and directed what is generally acknowledged to be his magnum opus in either medium, the 1968 western Will Penny, which starred Charlton Heston in the title role. It was based on an episode of the TV series The Westerner that Gries wrote and directed in 1960, entitled "Line Camp."
In 1966 Tom Gries created the popular action-adventure series The Rat Patrol. Gries wrote and directed the pilot episode, "The Chase of Fire Raid." The 1966-68 series boasts 56 thirty-minute, color episodes produced over the span of its two-season run on ABC. The series focused on the oft-overlooked North African campaign and episodes invariably pit the ragtag Rat Patrol—a four-man Allied force led by Christopher George as Sgt. Sam Troy—against the German Afrika Korps led by Captain Hans Dietrich, played by Eric Braeden (then still using his original name Hans Gudegast).
Gries subsequently made two other films with Heston: the 1969 gridiron drama Number One and the 1970 drama The Hawaiians, which was based on James Michener's sprawling 1959 novel Hawaii (not to be confused with the 1966 film based on a section of the same book). In 1969, Gries co-wrote and directed Jim Brown, Burt Reynolds, and Raquel Welch in the controversial western 100 Rifles.
In the early 1970s Gries directed a variety of films, from the 1970 Jason Robards and Katharine Ross May–December romance drama Fools to the 1971 science-fiction telefilm Earth II starring John Saxon and Anthony Franciosa. In 1973 Gries directed the crime-thriller Lady Ice, which starred Donald Sutherland, Jennifer O'Neill, Robert Duvall and Eric Braeden. Gries, who had directed Charles Bronson in a 1961 episode of Cain's Hundred ("Dead Weight: Dave Braddock"), helmed two back-to-back Bronson films in 1975: Breakout and Breakheart Pass. Gries' 1970's work failed, however, to earn the critical acclaim that welcomed Will Penny. The most successful of his later projects was Helter Skelter, a 1976 TV movie based on Vincent Bugliosi's 1974 true-crime book detailing the crimes and trials of the notorious Charles Manson Family.
During post-production on his final film The Greatest (1977), a biography of boxer Muhammad Ali (in which Ali also played himself), Tom Gries collapsed and died of a heart attack while playing tennis. He was 54 years old.
He is the father of actor and director Jon Gries (who appeared under the name Jon Francis in the film Will Penny as a child actor) and the brother of Buddy Charles a/k/a Charles Joseph Gries, who was a pop and jazz vocalist and pianist in Chicago.
- Serpent Island (1954)
- Hell's Horizon (1955)
- Girl in the Woods (1958)
- Mustang! (1959)
- Will Penny (1968)
- 100 Rifles (1969)
- Number One (1969)
- The Hawaiians (1970)
- Fools (1970)
- Earth II (1971)
- The Glass House (1972)
- Journey Through Rosebud (1972)
- The Connection (1973)
- Call to Danger (1973)
- Lady Ice (1973)
- The Migrants (1974)
- QB VII (1974)
- The Healers (1974)
- Breakout (1975)
- Breakheart Pass (1975)
- Helter Skelter (1976)
- Hunter (unaired 1976 pilot for 1977 series)
- The Greatest (1977)
- Cook County, Illinois, Birth Certificates Index, 1871-1922, at http://www.ancestry.com/
- Time Magazine, Milestones, February 27, 1950
- Chicago Tribune February 15, 1967 and December 21, 2008