Tom Howard (photographer)
Tom Howard, with ankle camera being fitted.
|Born||Thomas James Howard, Jr.
September 11, 1894
|Died||October 8, 1961
|Spouse(s)||Helen M. Walsh (1929–1958; her death)|
Thomas James "Tom" Howard, Jr. (September 11, 1894 – 8 October 1961) was an American photographer who worked at the Washington bureau of P. & A. Photographs during the 1920s. His photograph of the execution of Ruth Snyder, at Sing Sing Prison, on January 12, 1928 has been called "the most famous tabloid photo of the decade".
The execution photo
Photographers are not permitted into executions in the United States, so the New York Daily News, determined to secure a photograph, resorted to subterfuge. They brought in Howard, who was not known to the prison warders or journalists in the New York area. He arrived early and, passing himself in by posing as a writer, he took up a vantage position so as to be able to take pictures with the help of a miniature camera that he had strapped to his right ankle. The camera had a single photographic plate which was linked by cable to the shutter release concealed within his jacket. When Snyder’s body shook from the jolt, Howard pressed the shutter release, exposing the plate. The image appeared to have caught the subject in motion from the execution, which added to the already dramatic scene.
The photograph was published the next day on the front page of the paper under the banner headline "DEAD!" and Howard gained overnight popularity, and was paid very well for the image. Thereafter he worked in newspaper photography in Washington and Chicago, retiring as chief photographer for the Chicago Sun-Times in 1961, the year of his death. He had been in semi-retirement since 1951 following a heart attack.
The state attempted to prosecute Howard and the newspaper, but nothing ever came of it. For many years afterwards witnesses to executions were searched and asked to hold up their hands so they could not operate hidden cameras.
- Tom Howard Dies: Photographer, 68, New York, New York: The New York Times, 9 October 1961, retrieved 16 May 2012
- This Fabulous Century: 1920-1930, 3, Time-Life Books, 1969, p. 184, ISBN 0-8094-5766-0
- "Tom Howard's Ankle Camera". National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
- Kogan, Rick (28 July 2010), Loretta M. Wendt, 1922-2010: Mother of 'Cheers' star created hospital's humor outreach program, Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Tribune, retrieved 11 May 2012