Tom Kidd (golfer)
|Full name||Christopher Thomas Kidd|
St. Andrews, Scotland
|Died||16 January 1884 (aged 35 or 36)|
St. Andrews, Scotland
|Best results in major championships|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1873|
Christopher Thomas Kidd (c. 1848 – 16 January 1884) was a Scottish professional golfer who played in the late 19th century. He won the 1873 Open Championship on his home course at St Andrews, Scotland.
Early life and career
He was a caddie from St Andrews and won the 1873 Open Championship over his home links. It was the first Open played on the Old Course. Conditions were wet and Kidd's winning score of 179 was the highest in any Open Championship played over 36 holes.
His cash prize was £11. He was known as Tom Kidd or "Young Tom Kidd" to distinguish him from his father Tom Kidd who was also a caddie and died in the poorhouse in Markinch in 1896. Kidd married Eliza (or Elizabeth) Lumsden in November 1874 aged 25, when he is described as a golf caddie. He died suddenly of a heart problem in 1884 and left two surviving children. His wife did not remarry and died in Cupar in 1935.
At a court for the renewal of drink licences in St Andrews in April 1884, the inspector of police said that the licensee of the Golf Inn, George Leslie, illegally bought clubs and similar items for drinks. After Kidd's death his cleek and iron were found in Leslie's possession together with the gold medal for winning the 1873 Open. Leslie had paid 2 shillings each for the club and 10 shillings for the gold medal. The three items were later bought by a third party and the gold medal returned to his widow. Leslie denied the allegation stating that he had bought the clubs but not the medal. The medal had been taken as surety for a 10 shilling loan. He claimed that, at the time Kidd was a "Good Templar" and "not a shilling" of the money had been spent in the inn. It was considered a "very suspicious case". After an adjournment the licence was granted by a majority of 3 to 2.
Death and legacy
Kidd died due to a heart problem on 16 January 1884, aged 35 or 36, and left behind a wife and two children. He won the 1873 Open Championship, and was also the first player to be awarded the Claret Jug, which has been the winner's trophy for The Open Championship ever since (although Young Tom Morris, who won the previous year, was the first whose name was engraved on the trophy).
|Year||Championship||18 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner-up|
|1873||The Open Championship||Tied for lead||91-88=179||1 stroke||Jamie Anderson|
|The Open Championship||1||T8||DNP||T17||DNP||DNP||5||DNP||DNP||T11|
- Note: The Open Championship was the only major played during Kidd's lifetime.
DNP = Did not play
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10
- McCartney, Keith. "Golf in St Andrews: A local view of the Home of Golf". Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "1873 Tom Kidd". The Open. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Sudden death of a well-known golfer". Fife Herald. 23 January 1884. Retrieved 21 December 2014 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Deaths in the District of Markinch in the County of Fife". Statutory Deaths 447/00 0027. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Marriages in the United District of St Andrews and St Leonards in the County of Fife". Statutory Marriages 453/00 0038. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Deaths in the United District of St Andrews and St Leonards in the County of Fife". Statutory Deaths 453/00 0008. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- "Deaths in the District of Cupar in the County of Fife". Statutory Deaths 420/00 0140. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Tom Kidd". Antiquegolfscotland.com. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "St Andrews Licensing Court - The Golf Inn". Fife Herald. 9 April 1884. Retrieved 21 February 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "St Andrews - Adjourned Licensing Court". Dundee Courier. 10 April 1884. Retrieved 21 February 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Death of a Noted Golfer". Dundee Courier. 17 January 1884. Retrieved 21 February 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
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