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|50th Mayor of Portland, Oregon|
January 3, 2005 – January 1, 2009
|Preceded by||Vera Katz|
|Succeeded by||Sam Adams|
|Born||Thomas Jay Potter
September 12, 1940
North Bend, Oregon
Thomas Jay "Tom" Potter (born September 12, 1940) is a former American politician and law enforcement officer in the U.S. state of Oregon. He served as Mayor of Portland from 2005 to 2009, and had been the chief of the Portland Police Bureau. As mayor he continued his advocacy of community policing and expressed interest in other reforms of the Portland police department. He marched against the Iraq War on the first anniversary of American involvement in March 2004 and was dismayed at the black uniforms and the militarized appearance of the Portland police he saw. He made it part of his campaign to rid the police of such a militarized appearance.
Potter lives in the Woodstock neighborhood of southeast Portland with his wife Karin Hansen. His hobbies include archaeology, hiking, camping, and bicycling.
Potter's openly lesbian daughter, Katie Potter, is a Portland police officer. Potter, as the city's Chief of Police, marched in his police uniform in Portland's annual gay pride parade to show his support for Katie, the first Portland Police Chief to do so, and has spoken out in support of marriage equality for gay and lesbian couples, including Katie and her partner, police officer Pat Moen. Katie and Pat have two daughters, MacKenzie "Kenzie" Potter-Moen and Madison "Maddy" Lynn Potter-Moen.
Career in the police force
Potter began as a police officer in 1967 as a beat officer in southeast Portland in the Brooklyn and Sellwood neighborhoods. Although the neighborhoods are considered desirable residential locations today, at the time they were largely crime-ridden and threatened by gangs. According to Potter, early in his career a citizen in Sellwood asked him what he, as a citizen, could do to help the police. His sergeant informed him to tell the citizen to "stay inside and let the police do their jobs." The comment helped motivate Potter's early interest in making changes between the relationship of the police and the citizens.
In 1986, Potter was promoted to captain in the North Precinct. He was appointed police chief in 1990 by Mayor Bud Clark, heading up the 1,300 officers in the city's largest bureau. He served three years as chief before retiring at age 52 after 25 years of service in the police force. He served as interim director of the Oregon State Department of Safety and Standards and as the director of New Avenues for Youth, a service provider for homeless youth in Portland. He also consulted with police bureaus around the country on the topics of community policing and strategic planning and was considered for the job of Top Cop in the Clinton Administration to head up their COPS Office. In 2003, he decided to run for mayor of Portland, based partly on a desire to help reform the Portland police department. He built a platform on the issue of community policing, a police strategy that involves active engagement with neighborhoods with such tactics as getting police officers out of their patrol cars.
When Potter announced his campaign for mayor in 2003, running in a field of 22 candidates, he was not widely considered as a likely contender because Potter limited his individual campaign donations to 25 dollars per person. He believed that all residents should have equal access to their politicians. Political insiders considered this a crazy move that made him unelectable. Nevertheless, he won the primary in 2004, having raised only $65,000 in campaign funds, versus other candidates who raised hundreds of thousands of dollars.
For the runoff election, he raised the limit on his contributions to 100 dollars per individual. In the months following the 2004 primary election, Potter maintained a 2-1 lead over City Commissioner Jim Francesconi in polls with roughly 25% of the electorate still undecided through October of that year. Francesconi, who raised a city-record $1 million and outspent Potter 6-to-1 during the campaign. Potter won the general election in November 2004 over Francesconi with 60% of the vote. Potter was inaugurated on January 3, 2005, succeeding Mayor Vera Katz (who had served for three terms, but did not run for a fourth).
Actions as mayor
Portland is unlike most large United States cities, in that the Portland City Council performs many duties that are more typically in a mayor's purview. That is sometimes called the “weak mayor” system, in which the mayor and the four members of the City Council each supervise the various agencies of the city. When Potter took office, he declared that he was taking centralized control of all city bureaus for a period of six months. He later redistributed them once the adjustment period was completed. Potter advocated for a change to that system, advocating for a "strong mayor" initiative in the May 2007 election. The measure was defeated by a 3-1 margin.
In January 2005, Potter caused a controversy by taking part in the monthly Critical Mass ride, an act that participants consider a celebration of cycling in which bicyclists take over the streets to demonstrate alternatives to the use of the automobile in urban areas. Critics accused him of endorsing the group's actions, which include violating traffic laws and intentionally blocking other street traffic. This act was celebrated by the bike community and seen as an effort to mend torn ties between the city and bicycle activists.
Potter backed Commissioner Erik Sten in an effort to purchase Portland General Electric from Enron. He also said he was willing to consider using the city's power of condemnation to acquire the utility's assets. The bid attained the backing of Oregon Governor Ted Kulongoski, but was vehemently opposed by Enron and some members of Congress. He also supported Sten's Voter-Owned Elections initiative, which funneled city money to candidates for city offices in the 2006 Primary elections and was staunchly opposed by the Portland Business Alliance.
On April 22, 2005, Potter withdrew the Portland Police Bureau from the FBI Joint Terrorism Task Force. This action came after a dispute of two years over supervision, involving security clearances for Potter and then-Chief of Police Derrick Foxworth.
In May 2006, Potter accused the FBI of attempting to recruit an informant within the Portland city offices, going so far as to have his City Hall offices searched for listening devices. The FBI denied the accusations, which served to underscore the tensions between that agency and Potter's office.
Potter is widely credited for emphasizing diversity, and making city hall more accessible to underrepresented communities, such as people of color, immigrants and refugees, and youth. In October 2006, Potter introduced a resolution affirming the City’s commitment to the inclusion of immigrants and refugees in civic life, and convened the city’s first-ever Immigrant and Refugee Task Force to recommend strategies to address barriers to engagement. Together with wife Karin Hansen and with the help of several hundred young Portlanders, Potter led Portland to become the first major U.S. city to produce a children’s bill of rights. Our Bill of Rights: Children and Youth was created by the children and youth of the Portland area to advise community leaders of what support and access they needed to reach their full potential. It was adopted as an advisory document by both the Portland City Council and the Multnomah County Commission.
Also during 2006, Potter initiated the development of a new Office of Human Relations, dedicated to combating social issues such as race and sexual identity discrimination, hate crimes and human rights abuses through the establishment of a Human Rights Commission and police Racial Profiling Committee. The new Office officially commenced in January 2008.
Early in 2007, Potter proposed four changes to Portland's city charter requiring a vote by the electorate. The changes included language providing for: A regular review of the charter every ten years, increased control of the Portland Development Commission by the City Council, exclusion of some city government job classes from civil service protections, and the most dramatic of the proposed changes, the establishment of a new form of government that provided greatly increased authority for the Mayor relative to the existing system. Of the proposed changes to the charter, the form of government switch was the most debated and was characterized by opponents as a power grab. In May 2007, Portland voters passed three of the proposed changes, but rejected the change to the city's form of government by a decisive 3-to-1 margin.
After months of speculation, Potter announced on September 10, 2007, that he would not run for re-election as mayor of Portland in 2008. He cited a desire to spend more time with his family. In May 2008, Sam Adams was elected as the next mayor. Potter's term ended when Adams took the oath of office on January 1, 2009.
- Budnick, Nick (September 22, 2004). "The Potter Files: Digging for dirt on Portland's Mr. Clean". Willamette Week. Retrieved 2016-06-19.
- Warn, Sarah (October 8, 2004). "Politicians With Lesbian Daughters: the Hot New Trend?". AfterEllen.com. Archived from the original on April 7, 2007. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- Portland Mayor Tom Potter Speaks Out for Marriage Equality
- Bernstein, Robert A. (2003). Straight Parents, Gay Children: Keeping Families Together. Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 126. ISBN 1-56025-452-1.
- Stern, Hank (May 30, 2007). "The Fifth Wheel". Willamette Week. Retrieved 2016-06-19.
- Budnick, Nick (March 24, 2004) [online date March 23]. "The $25 Candidate: Tom Potter thinks he can be elected mayor without selling out. Is he crazy?". Willamette Week. Retrieved 2016-06-19.
- Hamilton, Don (October 1, 2004). "Poll: It's a race again". Portland Tribune. Archived from the original on Jun 7, 2011. Retrieved 2016-06-19.
- "New Portlanders Speak: Recommendations of the Immigrant and Refugee Task Force". City of Portland. December 2007.
- Griffon, Anna (August 16, 2006). "Portland children write own bill of rights". The Oregonian. Archived from the original on August 17, 2006.
- Dworkin, Andy (January 16, 2008). "Portland council approves new Human Rights Commission". The Oregonian.
- May 2007 Special Election
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|Mayor of Portland, Oregon