Tom Reed (politician)

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Tom Reed
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from New York
Assumed office
November 18, 2010
Preceded byEric Massa
Constituency29th district (2010–2013)
23rd district (2013–present)
Mayor of Corning, New York
In office
Preceded byFrank Coccho
Succeeded byRich Negri
Personal details
Born (1971-11-18) November 18, 1971 (age 49)
Joliet, Illinois, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Jean Reed
(m. 1996)
EducationAlfred University (BA)
Ohio Northern University (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

Thomas Willard Reed II[1][2] (born November 18, 1971) is an American attorney and politician who serves as the U.S. Representative for New York's 23rd congressional district. A Republican, Reed first joined the U.S. House after winning a special election to replace Democrat Eric Massa in 2010. Reed previously served one term as the Mayor of Corning, New York.

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Joliet, Illinois, Reed grew up in Corning, New York,[3] the youngest of 12 children.[4] He received a B.A. degree in political science from Alfred University in 1993 and Juris Doctor from the Claude W. Pettit College of Law at Ohio Northern University in 1996.[3]

Early career[edit]

After graduating from law school, Reed worked as an associate in the law firm of Gallo & Iacovangelo in Rochester from 1996 to 1999.

After Reed's mother died in 1998, he returned to Corning and opened the Law Office of Thomas W. Reed.[5] The firm specialized in debt collection. After getting elected to Congress in 2010, Reed resisted congressional rules that required him to remove his name from the law firm.[6][7] In 2014, the firm changed its name to RR Resource Recovery. At the same time, Reed's campaign stated that he was no longer involved with the firm.[7]

In 2007, Reed ran for mayor of Corning, New York. On the ballot, he represented the Republican, Conservative, and Independence parties. He defeated incumbent Democrat Frank Coccho, 58 percent to 42 percent, and served one two-year term.[8]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]



In 2009, Reed announced that he would run against incumbent Democrat Eric Massa in the 29th Congressional District in the November 2010 election.[9][10] Midway through his first term in Congress, Massa announced that he would not seek reelection due to health problems. In March 2010, Massa resigned from Congress after it was revealed that he was under investigation by the United States House Committee on Ethics for allegedly sexually harassing a male staffer.[11]

In the election to replace Massa, Reed was challenged by Democrat and Working Families Party nominee Matthew Zeller.[12] Reed received the endorsement of Monroe County Executive Maggie Brooks and every county Republican chairman in the 29th District.[13]

Reed won the election with 56.3 percent of the vote to Zeller's 43.7 percent, and immediately assumed the remainder of Massa's term.[14] In the immediate days following the election, Reed suffered a pulmonary embolism.[15] After a three-day delay, he was sworn in on his thirty-ninth birthday, November 18, 2010, during a special ceremony.


New York lost two seats in the U.S. House due to population change. The 29th Congressional District was eliminated and much of the district became the 23rd Congressional District. The new 23rd District included Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chemung, Ontario, Schuyler, and Steuben counties from the old 29th District, and added Chautauqua, Seneca, Tompkins, and Tioga counties.[16] Three candidates, Leslie Danks Burke, Melissa Dobson and Tompkins County legislator Nate Shinagawa, entered the Democratic primary to challenge Reed in the new 23rd District.[17] Shinagawa won the Democratic nomination and also was nominated by the Working Families Party.

During the 2012 campaign, Reed said that he accidentally paid one of his tax bills using campaign funds. Reed's campaign voluntarily reported the error in a campaign finance report and Reed reimbursed the campaign.[18][19]

Reed defeated Shinagawa in the general election, 51.9 percent to 48.1 percent.[20]


Reed faced Tompkins County Legislative Chair Martha Robertson. Though it was predicted to be a close race,[21] Reed won handily, with 57.7 percent of the vote to Robertson's 35.9 percent.


Reed ran for reelection in 2016. He was unopposed in the Republican primary.

Reed initially endorsed Jeb Bush's 2016 presidential campaign before Bush's departure from the race.[22] He then endorsed Donald Trump for U.S. president on March 16, 2016.[23][24] Reed reaffirmed his support for Trump in August 2016.[25]

In the November 2016 general election, Reed faced John Plumb, the only Democrat to file for the race, i.[26] Reed was re-elected with 58.1% of the vote; Plumb received 41.9 percent.[27]


Reed ran unopposed in the Republican primary before facing Tracy Mitrano in the 2018 general election. Reed was re-elected with 54.2% of the vote to Mitrano's 45.8 percent.[28]


Reed has served on the House Judiciary Committee, House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure,[29] House Committee on Rules[30] and House Ways and Means Committee.[31][32]

In 2012, Reed focused on ending government spending and supported budget amendments that eliminated government funding, such as a sewer system in Tijuana, Mexico.[33] He voted to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, and supported the Budget Control Act of 2011.[34][35]

After his reelection to Congress in November 2012, Reed drafted the Promoting Assistance with Transitional Help Act. The bill would have modify the Temporary Assistance for Needy Family program by setting a five-year limit on welfare payments to individuals.[36]

With a government shutdown looming in September 2013, Reed introduced the Pay Our Veterans and Seniors First Act. The legislation would ensure that armed services members were paid and that seniors continued receiving benefits during a temporary government shutdown. The bill also proposed that members of Congress and the President would forfeit their salaries for the duration of the government shutdown.[37][38]

In February 2014, Reed introduced the Clinical Trial Cancer Mission 2020 Act. The bill would have made it mandatory for researchers to publish all information from cancer clinical trials, with the goal being to get more researchers to work together and bring down the number of duplicative studies. The legislation would have created a national clearinghouse run by the NIH.[39]

In May 2014, Reed introduced a bill that would amend the Internal Revenue Code to permanently extend and expand certain expired provisions that provided an enhanced tax deduction for businesses that donated their food inventory to charitable organizations.[40][41] Reed argued that it makes sense to make this a permanent measure because "doing it on a temporary basis ... is part of the problem. We need to make this sound policy permanent in the tax code and I'm optimistic we'll get it to the finish and allow people to take advantage of the tax deduction that would encourage them to use the food rather than put it in a landfill."[42]

On May 4, 2017, Reed voted in favor of repealing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and passing the American Health Care Act.[43][44]

Reed was ranked as the 32nd most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives during the 114th United States Congress, and the seventh most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York, in the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy.[45] In the 115th United States Congress, Reed voted in line with President Donald Trump's position 96.7% of the time.[46]

Reed sits on the House Way and Means Committee, which is in charge of tax legislation, and was one of only two House members from New York state (along with Chris Collins) to support the provision in 2017 Republican tax overhaul bill that eliminated the federal tax deduction for state income taxes. New York Governor Andrew Cuomo accused the two lawmakers as "the Benedict Arnolds of their time", claiming that the loss of the deduction would cost New York State taxpayers nearly $15 billion and do grave damage to the state.[47] Reed voted in favor of the overall bill.[48][49]

During early 2019, Reed became the first House Republican in the new Congress to support a House rules change package authored by Democrats. Becoming the first member to "break ranks for a full rules proposal" in 18 years, he argued, according to his spokesman, that "real reforms were necessary that could actually bring legislation to the floor". The change intends to "lessen the sharp partisan divide in the House, in part by making it easier for rank-and-file members to bring their own bills onto the floor for a vote."[50]

On September 19, 2019, Reed suddenly lost consciousness for approximately 30 seconds while waiting to conduct a television interview. He was revived and hospitalized.[51]

Following the storming of the U.S. Capitol on January 6, 2021, Reed wrote in the New York Times that while Donald Trump could and should be held accountable, impeachment was not appropriate.[52]

Sexual misconduct allegation[edit]

On March 19, 2021, Nicolette Davis alleged in the Washington Post that Reed had rubbed her back, unhooked her bra, and inched his hand up her thigh at an Irish pub in Minnesota in 2017 when she then worked as a junior insurance company lobbyist. Reed has denied the allegation.[53][54][55] Two days later, on March 21, 2021, he apologized to Davis, stating he still did not recall the incident in question but considered her story to be possible, since he had been battling alcoholism at the time. In the same statement, he stated would not be seeking reelection in 2022.[56] Reed had already stated in 2010 that he would not seek re-election past 2022, as he was in favor of a 12-year term limit for House of Representatives members.[57]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

2022 New York gubernatorial election[edit]

Reed has been mentioned as a potential Republican candidate for governor of New York in 2022. In a February 4, 2021 conference call with reporters, he said, "'Governor Cuomo: Your days are numbered. There's leadership coming to Albany very soon'".[66] However, on March 21, 2021, he announced that he would not be seeking any elected office in 2022.[67][68]

Electoral history[edit]

Mayor of Corning, 2007
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 1,866 58
Democratic Frank Coccho (Inc.) 1,317 42
Total votes 3,220 100
New York's 23rd congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 101,209 56.3
Democratic Matt Zeller 78,578 43.7
Total votes 179,787 100
New York's 23rd congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 126,519 51.9
Democratic Nate Shinagawa 117,055 48.1
Total votes 243,571 100
New York's 23rd congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 113,130[21] 57.7
Democratic Martha Robertson 70,242[21] 35.9
N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 12,502[21] 6.4
Total votes 195,874 100
New York's 23rd congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 149,779[69] 58.1
Democratic John Plumb 107,822[69] 41.9
Total votes 257,601 100
New York's 23rd congressional district election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 130,323[70] 54.2
Democratic Tracy Mitrano 109,932[70] 45.8
Total votes 240,255 100
New York's 23rd congressional district election, 2020
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 181,060[71] 57.7
Democratic Tracy Mitrano 129,014[71] 41.1
Total votes 313,842 100


  1. ^ Thomas W Reed II Contact Information | Whitepages
  2. ^ 04 May 1974, 13 - Quad-City Times at Obituary of Thomas Willard Reed, father of Thomas Willard Reed II
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  55. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
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  57. ^ "Call for special election does little to quell outrage". Olean Times Herald. May 13, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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  68. ^ Mahoney, Bill. "Reed apologizes and says he won't challenge Cuomo in 2022". Politico PRO. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
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  70. ^ a b "New York Election Results 2018". Politico. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
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External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Eric Massa
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 29th congressional district

Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Bill Owens
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 23rd congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Ted Deutch
United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Tim Walberg