Tom Sawyer (song)
|Single by Rush|
|from the album Moving Pictures and Exit...Stage Left|
|Released||June 1981 (US)|
|Studio||Le Studio, Morin-Heights, Quebec|
|Rush singles chronology|
"Tom Sawyer" from Moving Pictures.
"Tom Sawyer" is a song by Canadian rock band Rush, originally released on their 1981 album Moving Pictures as its opener. The band's lead singer, bassist, and keyboardist, Geddy Lee, has referred to the track as the band's "defining piece ... from the early '80s". It is one of Rush's best-known songs and a staple of both classic rock radio and Rush's live performances, having been played on every concert tour since its release.
Background and recording
The song was written by Geddy Lee, drummer Neil Peart, and guitarist Alex Lifeson in collaboration with lyricist Pye Dubois of the band Max Webster, who also co-wrote the Rush songs "Force Ten", "Between Sun and Moon", and "Test for Echo". According to the US radio show In the Studio with Redbeard (which devoted an episode to the making of Moving Pictures), "Tom Sawyer" came about during a summer rehearsal vacation that Rush spent at Ronnie Hawkins' farm outside Toronto. Peart was presented with a poem by Dubois named "Louis the Lawyer" (often incorrectly cited as "Louis the Warrior") that he modified and expanded. Lee and Lifeson then helped set the poem to music. The "growling" synthesizer sound heard in the song came from Lee experimenting with his Oberheim OB-X. For "Tom Sawyer", Lee switched from his Rickenbacker 4001 to a Fender Jazz Bass he purchased from a pawn shop.
In the December 1985 Rush Backstage Club newsletter, drummer and lyricist Neil Peart said:
Tom Sawyer was a collaboration between myself and Pye Dubois, an excellent lyricist who wrote the lyrics for Max Webster. His original lyrics were kind of a portrait of a modern day rebel, a free-spirited individualist striding through the world wide-eyed and purposeful. I added the themes of reconciling the boy and man in myself, and the difference between what people are and what others perceive them to be—namely me, I guess.
Alex Lifeson describes his guitar solo in "Tom Sawyer" in a 2007 interview:
I winged it. Honest! I came in, did five takes, then went off and had a cigarette. I'm at my best for the first two takes; after that, I overthink everything and I lose the spark. Actually, the solo you hear is composed together from various takes.
The song peaked at number 24 in Canada, number 44 on the US Billboard Hot 100, and number eight on the Billboard Top Tracks chart. The studio version of "Tom Sawyer", despite its popularity, did not see a single-release in other territories. In the UK, "Vital Signs" was chosen as the single from Moving Pictures. "Tom Sawyer" is one of the most played songs on classic rock radio in the United States, is the most played Canadian song from before 1988 by Canadian rock radio stations during the Neilson BDS Era (which started in 1995),[failed verification] and is the fifth most downloaded Canadian digital song from the 1980s. In 2009, it placed 19th on VH1's list of 100 Greatest Songs of Hard Rock. "Tom Sawyer" was one of five Rush songs inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame on March 28, 2010.
- List of songs recorded by Rush
- The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, the book that is referenced in the song
- Rush – Puerto Rico Press Conference. March 12, 2011. Event occurs at 7:51.
- Popoff, Martin (2004). Contents Under Pressure: 30 Years of Rush at Home and Away. ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-678-9.
- "Oberheim OB-X". vintagesynth.com. Vintage Synth Explorer. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- Skuse, Andy (March 30, 2008). "The Tom Sawyer 'Growl Sound'". rainycitynights.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- Rush's Geddy Lee on his Fender USA Geddy Lee Jazz Bass. Fender. April 30, 2015. Retrieved February 8, 2018 – via YouTube.
- Bosso, Joe (July 2007). "Vital Signs". Guitar World.
- "Rush Charts & Awards Billboard Singles". AllMusic.
- Hickey, Walt (July 14, 2008). "Why Classic Rock Isn't What It Used To Be". FiveThirtyEight.
- "Top 150 Canadian Airplay Songs – Rock". Canada Music Blog. June 30, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
- "Top 25 Canadian Digital Songs by Decade". June 30, 2017. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
- Stosuy, Brandon (January 5, 2009). "VH1's 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs". Stereogum. Retrieved March 26, 2021.
- Infantry, Ashante (January 20, 2010). "New home a place to sing praises of our songwriters". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- "Tom Sawyer (Live) – Official Chart History". Official Charts. Retrieved March 26, 2021.