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|Birth name||Thomas Miller|
|Born||December 13, 1949|
Denville, New Jersey, U.S.
|Genres||Punk rock, art punk, post-punk, new wave|
|Instruments||Guitar, vocals, piano|
|Associated acts||Television, Neon Boys|
Verlaine was born Thomas Miller in Denville, New Jersey and moved to Wilmington, Delaware with his family at age of six. He began studying piano at an early age, but switched to saxophone in middle school after hearing a record by Stan Getz. Verlaine initially was unimpressed with the role of the guitar in both rock music and jazz, and was inspired to take up the instrument after hearing the Rolling Stones' "19th Nervous Breakdown" during his adolescence, at which point he began a long period of experimentation to develop a personal style. A later musical influence of Verlaine's became jazz musician Miles Davis' electric-period recordings, particularly the Japanese LPs Agharta (1975) and Dark Magus (1977), which he was able to obtain as imports.
Verlaine also had an interest in writing and poetry from an early age. As a teen he was friends with future bandmate and punk icon Richard Hell (Richard Meyers) at Sanford School, a boarding school which they both attended. They quickly discovered that they shared a passion for music and poetry.
After one failed attempt, Verlaine (with Hell) succeeded in escaping from school and moved to New York City. He then created his stage name, a reference to the French symbolist poet Paul Verlaine. He is quoted as saying this name was inspired by Bob Dylan's name change and was a way of distancing himself from his past. He and Hell formed the Neon Boys, recruiting drummer Billy Ficca. The Neon Boys quickly disbanded after failing to recruit a second guitarist, despite auditions by Dee Dee Ramone and Chris Stein. They reformed as Television a few months later, finding a guitarist in Richard Lloyd, and began playing at seminal punk clubs like CBGB and Max's Kansas City. In 1975, Verlaine kicked Hell out of the band for his erratic playing and behavior, and they released their first single with Fred Smith replacing Hell. Verlaine dated poet and musician Patti Smith when they were both in the burgeoning New York punk scene. Television released two albums, Marquee Moon and Adventure, to great critical acclaim and modest sales before breaking up in July 1978.
Verlaine soon released a self-titled solo album that began a fruitful 1980s solo career. He took up residence in England for a brief period in response to the positive reception his work had received there and in Europe at large. In the 1990s he collaborated with different artists, including Patti Smith, and composed a film score for Love and a .45. In the early 1990s, Television reformed to record one studio album (Television) and a live recording (Live at the Academy, 1992); they have reunited periodically for touring. Verlaine released his first new album in many years in 2006, titled Songs and Other Things.
He has guested as guitarist on numerous releases by other artists, including the album Penthouse by the band Luna. He played on Patti Smith's Grammy-nominated "Glitter in Their Eyes" from her 2000 album Gung Ho. This was not the first time Verlaine had collaborated with one-time romantic partner Smith; four years earlier, he played on the song "Fireflies" from her 1996 album Gone Again, and in the 1970s he played guitar on her debut single "Hey Joe" and on "Break It Up" from her debut album Horses. He also co-wrote the latter song with Smith. He played with Smith in 2005 for a 30th-anniversary concert of Horses in its entirety, which was later released on CD.
He is part of the Million Dollar Bashers, a supergroup also featuring Sonic Youth musicians Lee Ranaldo and Steve Shelley, Wilco guitarist Nels Cline, Bob Dylan bassist Tony Garnier, guitarist Smokey Hormel and keyboardist John Medeski. Their work appears on the original soundtrack to I'm Not There, a biographical film reflecting the life of Bob Dylan.
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Throughout his career Verlaine has played a variety of Fender guitars. Most famously in the heyday of Television he played a Fender Jazzmaster and a Fender Jaguar through Fender and Vox amps. These guitars were an unusual choice for a rock musician at that time. Verlaine is credited as being instrumental in bringing what were seen as "surf" guitars, the Jaguar and Jazzmaster, into the rock arena. Verlaine is pictured inside the compilation The Miller's Tale playing both types of guitars. Recently, at solo concerts and at Television concerts, Verlaine has played a guitar built in the style of a Fender Stratocaster that has been modified with Danelectro "lipstick" pickups and fitted with a Fender Jazzmaster neck.
Guitar style and effects
Verlaine is an advocate of guitar techniques and recording processes including close miking, delay, reverb, slap echo, phasing/flanging, tremolo, etc. Television's first commercially released recording, "Little Johnny Jewel", saw Verlaine, in defiance of common practice, plugging his guitar straight into the recording desk with no amplification. Verlaine rarely uses heavy distortion.
Vibrato is a large part of Verlaine's style and he makes extensive use of the Jazzmaster's unique vibrato arm. In terms of guitar scales and note selection, Verlaine utilises the mixolydian and minor pentatonic scale with clear blues influences similar to many contemporary rock & roll artists. Verlaine distinguished his style mainly in choice of phrasing, often choosing to play slower and less technically demanding riffs than many contemporary lead guitarists. Verlaine uses a thin pick and heavy strings (gauges .050 to .013) and tunes down a half step or more. In contrast to most modern rock guitarists, he uses a wound 3rd string. Verlaine usually plays with the bridge pickup on, but picks over the neck pickup. This, according to him, gives a "full yet clear sound".
The development of Verlaine's style likely was influenced by the way he learned to play; he told a Guitar Player interviewer in 2005 "I never played guitar along with records, so I never learned all the speed licks everybody gravitates to when starting out. I know 19-year-old guitarists who can play Danny Gatton solos note-for-note. They don’t really know what notes they’re playing, but they do them flawlessly."
- Tom Verlaine (1979)
- Dreamtime (1981)
- Words from the Front (1982)
- Cover (1984)
- Flash Light (1987)
- The Wonder (1990)
- Warm and Cool (1992, reissued in 2005)
- The Miller's Tale: A Tom Verlaine Anthology (1996)
- Songs and Other Things (2006)
- Around (2006)
- "Always" / "The Blue Robe" Warner Bros K17855 (Sep 1981)
- "Postcard from Waterloo" / "Clear It Away" Virgin VS501 (May 1982)
- "Let Go the Mansion" / "Instrumental" Virgin VS696 (Jun 1984)
- "Five Miles of You" / "Your Finest Hour" Virgin VS704 (Aug 1984)
- "A Town Called Walker" / "Smoother Than Jones" Fontana FTANA1 (1987)
- "The Funniest Thing" / One Time at Sundown (The London 1986 Version) Fontana VLANE3 (1987)
- "The Scientist Writes a Letter" / The Scientist Writes a Letter (Paris Version) Fontana VLANE4 (1987)
- "Cry Mercy, Judge" / "Circling" Fontana FTANA2 (1987)
- "Shimmer" / "Bomb" Fontana VLANE5 (Oct 1989)
- "Kaleidoscopin" / "Sixteen Tulips" Fontana VLANE6 (Mar 1990)
- "(TV) This Case Is Closed!/Maybe I Should Have Been A Research-Librarian/Exact Location". Obbard.com. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Tom Verlaine | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Palmer, Robert (1985). "Miles Davis Revives His Bad-Guy Image with a Pop Album". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- "We'd met at a little school right outside of Wilmington. It was a mediocre boarding school, co-ed, called Sanford Prep. I'd been sent there because I'd been getting in trouble in school since I was fourteen, and things were looking pretty dire...I arrived a little after the start of the school year of 1965–1966, when I was in the 11th grade." --Richard Hell (describing how he and Tom Verlaine met) in the first chapter of Hell's autobiography-in-progress, as published in Vanitas magazine No. 2, 2006, p. 153.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 1217/8. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- Jeff Buckley, Answers.com, retrieved 2010-03-23
- "Chasing the Muse: Tom Verlaine". Guitar Player. December 2005. Archived from the original on 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-19.
- Guinness Rockopedia – ISBN 0-85112-072-5
- The Great Rock Discography (Fifth Edition) – ISBN 1-84195-017-3