Tom and Jerry: The Movie
|Tom and Jerry: The Movie|
|Directed by||Phil Roman|
|Written by||Dennis Marks|
|Based on||Tom and Jerry|
by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera
|Produced by||Phil Roman|
|Edited by||Tim J. Borquez |
|Music by||Henry Mancini|
|Distributed by||Miramax Films (United States) |
Turner Pictures Worldwide Distribution (International)
|Box office||$3.6 million|
Tom and Jerry: The Movie is a 1992 American animated comedy film based on the characters Tom and Jerry created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. Produced and directed by Phil Roman from a screenplay by Dennis Marks (who also scripted some episodes of Tom & Jerry Kids at the time), the film stars the voices of Anndi McAfee, Richard Kind, Dana Hill (in her final film role), Charlotte Rae, Tony Jay, Rip Taylor, Henry Gibson, Michael Bell, Ed Gilbert, David L. Lander, and Howard Morris.
It is the first theatrical feature-length animated film featuring the cat-and-mouse pair as well as their return to the big screen after 25 years. Although largely mute in the original cartoons, the duo speaks throughout this film. Joseph Barbera, co-founder of Hanna-Barbera and co-creator of Tom and Jerry, served as creative consultant for the film. The film tells the story about a little girl named Robyn Starling, who enlists Tom and Jerry's help to escape from her evil abusive aunt and reunite with her lost and presumed-dead father.
After having its world premiere in Germany on October 1, 1992, Tom and Jerry: The Movie was released theatrically in the United States on July 30, 1993, by Miramax Films. The film received negative reviews from critics, and earned $3.6 million on a $3.5 million budget.
Tom and Jerry are left behind by the moving van that Tom's owners are in. Tom chases the van, but is scared away by a bulldog (Spike) and is forced to stay in the house. The next morning, the house is demolished, leaving both Tom and Jerry homeless. The pair wander the streets for shelter until they meet a stray dog named Puggsy and his flea companion, Frankie. Upon introducing themselves, Tom and Jerry are persuaded to befriend each other to survive. While Tom and Jerry are sidetracked with searching for food, Puggsy and Frankie are captured by dogcatchers while Tom is apprehended by a group of hostile singing alley cats, until Jerry traps them in the sewer.
Afterwards, Tom and Jerry meet Robyn Starling, a runaway 8-year-old girl whose mother died when she was a baby and her father supposedly died in an avalanche during an expedition in Tibet. Robyn and her family's fortune as a result are currently in the custody of her abusive guardian Aunt Pristine Figg and her lawyer Lickboot, who see Robyn only as a way to keep their obtained wealth. A local police officer brings Robyn home along with Tom and Jerry. Figg reluctantly allows Tom and Jerry to stay. However, after a food fight between Tom, Jerry and Figg's obese dog Ferdinand, Figg suggests taking them to a kind man named Dr. Applecheek who loves animals, which Robyn thinks about. Jerry overhears Figg and Lickboot discussing a telegram that reveals that Robyn's father is alive and running his company in Tibet. Jerry tells Tom about this and they attempt to tell Robyn about it, but Figg locks Robyn in her room and takes Tom and Jerry to Dr. Applecheek, who is revealed to be a cruel animal kidnapper and the employer of the dogcatchers who captured Puggsy and Frankie. Applecheek reveals that Figg paid him to kill Tom and Jerry.
Tom and Jerry reunite with Puggsy and Frankie, who suggest using a nearby control panel to open the cages. Tom and Jerry free the captured animals including Droopy and return to Robyn's home to inform her of her father's survival. Tom, Jerry and Robyn set out to find Robyn's father on a raft, but the raft is suddenly struck by a ship and they end up separated. Meanwhile, in Tibet, Robyn's father becomes alarmed by his daughter's predicament and flies back to America to rescue her.
The next day, Figg and Lickboot decide to put a $1,000,000 bounty on Robyn to anyone who can find her, with no promise on paying. Robyn is found and hosted by amusement park manager Captain Kiddie and his first mate Squawk, a parrot puppet; Kiddie is initially friendly with Robyn until he sees Figg's bounty on a milk carton, whereupon he traps Robyn on a Ferris wheel and contacts Figg, who leaves with Lickboot and Ferdinand while Applecheek and the dogcatchers try to beat them there in order to collect the bounty. Tom and Jerry find and free Robyn, and trap the dogcatchers on the Ferris wheel right when Figg and Lickboot arrive. They escape in a paddle steamer while Figg, Lickboot, Kiddie and Applecheek give chase. In the ensuing chase, Applecheek falls from a bridge and sinks Kiddie's dinghy, while Figg and Lickboot head to "Robyn's Nest" – a small cabin where Robyn and her father spent their summers – predicting she will be there.
Tom, Jerry and Robyn arrive at the cabin where Robyn is accosted by Figg and Lickboot, who locks Tom and Jerry outside with Ferdinand. During a tussle, an oil lamp is knocked over and starts a fire that engulfs the cabin. While Figg and Lickboot attempt to escape, Tom and Jerry manage to get Robyn safely on the roof. Figg and Lickboot manage to vacate the cabin, but stumble on Ferdinand's skateboard and crash onto the paddle steamer, which sails out of control and sends them away. Robyn's father then arrives in his helicopter and rescues her, but fails to rescue Tom and Jerry in time before the cabin collapses, though they barely survive. After the rescue, Robyn's father promises to never leave her again, and Tom and Jerry's heroics make the newspaper, which is read by Puggsy and Frankie, who are proud of Tom and Jerry for learning how to be friends. Sometime later, the pair begin a new life in Robyn's luxurious villa and still keep their old habits for some times.
- Anndi McAfee as Robyn Starling
- Richard Kind as Tom
- Dana Hill as Jerry
- Charlotte Rae as Aunt Pristine Figg
- Tony Jay as Lickboot
- Michael Bell as Ferdinand and Straycatcher 1
- Henry Gibson as Dr. Applecheek
- Ed Gilbert as Puggsy, Mr. Starling
- David Lander as Frankie da Flea
- Rip Taylor as Captain Kiddie
- Howard Morris as Squawk
- Sydney Lassick as Straycatcher 2
- Don Messick as Droopy
- Tino Insana as Police Officer
- B. J. Ward as Tom's Owner
- Greg Burson as Moving Man
- Raymond McLeod as Bulldog
- Raymond McLeod, Mitchell D. Moore, Scott Wojahn as Alleycats
There were numerous attempts to make a Tom and Jerry feature film, mainly in the 1970s after the successful reruns of the original cartoons and the airings of the new TV animated versions (although there have been debatable possibilities of making attempts in the golden age of cartoons). Chuck Jones, who previously worked on his take on the characters in his studio MGM Animation/Visual Arts, wanted to make a Tom and Jerry film but later pulled the plug on the idea due to not finding a suitable script to work with.
Among of the attempts (with Jones involved) was when MGM wanted to make the feature in live-action with David Newman (one of the writers who wrote Bonnie and Clyde) to write the screenplay and for Dustin Hoffman and Chevy Chase to star as the duo, but sometime later, the idea was shelved.
In the late 1980s, Phil Roman and his company Film Roman managed to revive the attempts of making an animated film featuring the duo after his experience in directing the animated specials featuring another popular cartoon cat Garfield, as well as his love for the original Tom and Jerry cartoons. This gave the opportunity of making it the first theatrical animated film for Film Roman and his second directorial role for a theatrical animated film since Race for Your Life, Charlie Brown, though in this case as an individual director after directing the TV movie Garfield: His 9 Lives, with Joseph Barbera aboard as a consultant. One of the rare options the crew decided to take is going in a different direction and something new on the portrayal of the duo by giving them fluent dialogue, because they considered that most of the audience would feel bored or uninterested in the repetitively mute aspect.
In the early development of the script by Dennis Marks, some of its dialogue and actions in other scenes, including the main characters talking throughout at the beginning before encountering Puggsy and Frankie, had to be taken out. Originally, a comedic sequence before the further events of the duo talking was drafted as a prologue and homage to the original cartoons before the credits, but it was later decided to drop the idea and partially replaced by the animated slapstick scenes during the credits for the sake of moving forward on the situations for the story.
Animators on Tom and Jerry: The Movie include Eric Thomas, Art Roman, Doug Frankel, Tony Fucile, Steven E. Gordon, Leslie Gorin, Dan Haskett, Brian Robert Hogan, Gabi Payn, Irven Spence and Arnie Wong. Some animation was outsourced to Wang Film Productions in Taiwan, where James Miko and Aundre Knutson served as supervising directors. Additional animation was provided by The Baer Animation Company and Creative Capers Cartoons. The computer animation for the vehicles was provided by Kroyer Films.
|Tom and Jerry: The Movie – Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by |
|Released||July 20, 1993 |
December 11, 2005 (reissued)
|Label||MCA MCAC/MCAD-10721 |
Music Marketing ApS (Denmark)
|Producer||Henry Mancini |
During production, after witnessing the successful start of Disney's musical Renaissance, the crew decided to make the film a musical and hired Oscar-winning composers Henry Mancini and Leslie Bricusse to write the musical numbers after working in another musical film together titled Victor/Victoria, with a touch of melodic structure reminiscent to the classic golden age of movie musicals, especially the ones from MGM like The Wizard of Oz and Singin' in the Rain, and with help from music students at Roger Williams University. Original songs performed in the film include "Friends to the End", "What Do We Care? (The Alley Cats' Song)", "(Money is Such) A Beautiful Word", "God's Little Creatures", "I Miss You (Robyn's Song)", "I've Done It All", and "All in How Much We Give".
A soundtrack album was released by MCA Records in 1993 and included both the songs and score from the film, composed by Henry Mancini. The end credits song "All in How Much We Give" was written by Jody Davidson.
Original songs performed in the film include:
|1.||"Friends to the End"||Richard Kind, Dana Hill, Ed Gilbert & David Lander|
|2.||"What Do We Care? (The Alley Cats' Song)"||Raymond McLeod, Michael D. Moore & Scott Wojahn|
|3.||"God's Little Creatures"||Henry Gibson|
|4.||"(Money is Such) A Beautiful Word"||Charlotte Rae & Tony Jay|
|5.||"I Miss You (Robyn's Song)"||Anndi McAfee|
|6.||"I've Done It All"||Rip Taylor & Howard Morris|
|7.||"All in How Much We Give"||Stephanie Mills|
Joseph McBride of Variety gave the film a negative review, saying that "Tom and Jerry Talk won't go down in film history as a slogan to rival Garbo Talks." Charles Solomon of the Los Angeles Times panned the film's songs and Phil Roman's direction. Hal Hinson of The Washington Post criticized the dialogue between the cat and mouse and said that the voices "don't fit the characters". Hinson also complained that the musical numbers are "as forgettable as they are intolerably bouncy and upbeat".
Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert awarded the film thumbs down ratings on their show Siskel & Ebert. Although they praised the animation, look and the truthful art design of the animated shorts, neither thought that it was a good idea to give dialogue to the two characters. Additionally, they felt that the film suffered from a lack of further slapstick action from past cartoons and that the story was silly, particularly because the character of Robyn Starling occupied more screen time than the titular characters. Vincent Canby of The New York Times was more positive in his review, He praised Mancini's score and the musical numbers, and later went on to say that "[the characters of] Tom and Jerry have charm."
Tom and Jerry: The Movie opened theatrically on July 30, 1993 in the United States and Canada alongside Rising Sun, Robin Hood: Men in Tights and So I Married an Axe Murderer. Ranking number fourteen at the North American box office, the film grossed $3,560,469 worldwide.
- A video game based on the film was released for the Sega Master System on October 1, 1992 and Sega Game Gear on July 14, 1993, followed by a handheld game by Tiger Electronics released the same year.
- A video game based on the film of same name titled Tom and Jerry: Frantic Antics was released for Game Boy on October 2, 1993 and Sega Genesis on December 21, 1993 by Hi-Tech Expressions and Altron.
The film was released on VHS and LaserDisc on October 26, 1993 by Family Home Entertainment. The VHS release of the film was reissued on March 2, 1999 and was released on DVD on March 26, 2002 in United States and on September 26, 2008 in Germany by Warner Home Video. Despite receiving a UK VHS release from First Independent Films, no UK Region 2 DVD release is as of yet currently available. However, UK buyers can import the French, German, Dutch, or South African copies, as they are Region 2, and play in English. The film became available on HBO Max in a digitally-remastered widescreen format on July 1, 2020. However, HBO Max removed the film in 2021.
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- Solomon, Charles (1993-07-30). "MOVIE REVIEW: 'Tom and Jerry': A Bland Cat-and-Mouse Chase: The formulaic story feels like a rerun and borrows characters from many other classics". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Hinson, Hal (1993-07-30). "Tom and Jerry". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- AtTheMoviesFan1. "Siskel & Ebert: Tom and Jerry: The Movie (Year 1993)". Archived from the original on 2021-12-13. Retrieved 2020-04-02.
- Canby, Vincent (1993-07-30). "Review/Film; About a Cat And Mouse Who Make Sweet Music". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
- Solomon, Charles (1994-01-04). "It's Tough to Stay Afloat in the Film-Cartoon Biz : Movies: Disney's hits prove that it can be done, but other firms lack marketing savvy and a competitive product, animators say". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
- August/September 1993 (PDF). United States: Sega Visions. 1993. p. 104. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Google Groups". groups.google.com. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
- "Tom and Jerry: Frantic Antics (Game)". Giant Bomb. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- January 1994 (PDF). United States: GamePro. 199x. p. 64. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "Google Groups". groups.google.com. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
- Tom and Jerry the Movie [VHS] (1993). ASIN 630291700X.
- "Tom und Jerry - Der Film: Amazon.de: Phil Roman, Janet Hirshenson, Richard Kind, Dennis Marks, Justin Ackerman, Bill Schultz, Jane Jenkins, Hans Brockmann, Dana Hill, Roger Mussenden, Anndi McAfee, Jack Petrik, Tony Jay, Rip Taylor, Henry Gibson, Michael Bell, Don Messick, David L. Lander, Charlotte Rae, Howard Morris, Henry Mancini: Amazon.de". www.amazon.de. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- "Tom and Jerry – The Movie (1992)". 26 March 2002. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- Williams, Janice (28 June 2020). "What's coming to HBO Max in July 2020? Full list of releases". Newsweek. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
- Beck, Jerry (2005). The Animated Movie Guide. Chicago: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1-55652-591-5. pp. 284–285.
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