Tom kha kai

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Tom kha kai
Flickr preppybyday 4711943668--Tom kha gai.jpg
Alternative names Chicken coconut soup, galangal soup
Type Soup
Place of origin Thailand and Laos
Serving temperature hot
Main ingredients Coconut milk, galangal, lemon grass, kaffir lime leaves, mushrooms and chicken
Cookbook: Tom kha kai  Media: Tom kha kai

Tom kha kai, tom kha gai or Thai coconut soup[1][2][3] (Thai: ต้มข่าไก่, rtgstom kha kai, pronounced [tôm kʰàː kàj]; Lao: ຕົ້ມຂ່າໄກ່, tom kha kai, pronounced [tôm.kʰāː.kāj]), literally "chicken galangal soup") is a spicy and sour hot soup with coconut milk in Thai cuisine and Lao cuisine.


In Thailand, most tom kha kai recipes typically include coconut milk, galangal, kaffir lime leaves, lemongrass, Thai chili peppers, coriander (or dill weed), straw mushrooms (or shiitake or other mushrooms), chicken, fish sauce, and lime juice. Fried chilies are sometimes added.


In a Thai-style tom kha kai, dill weed is not used, whereas in a Lao-style tom kha kai, dill weed (phak si, Lao: ຜັກຊີ) is used. Dill weed is a common herb which is used in Lao cuisine. The Thais' answer to dill weed (known in Thailand as phak chi Lao (Thai: ผักชีลาว), since it is known locally as a Lao herb) in Thai tom kha is coriander or cilantro (phak chi, Thai: ผักชี).

There are other versions of tom kha kai made with seafood (tom kha thale, Thai: ต้มข่าทะเล), mushrooms (tom kha het, Thai: ต้มข่าเห็ด), pork (tom kha mu, Thai: ต้มข่าหมู) and tofu (tom kha taohu, Thai: ต้มข่าเต้าหู้).[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Crocker, B. (2014). Betty Crocker 20 Best Slow Cooker Soup and Stew Recipes. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
  2. ^ Tennefoss, K. (Ed.). (2010). 20 Awesome Soups You Can't Live Without. Kathleen Tennefoss.
  3. ^ BF Recipes. (2008). Just Wing It: Recipes Using Pre-Baked Rotisserie Chicken. AuthorHouse.
  4. ^ Der kleine Thaispeisen Katalog von khon_jaidee & Low

Further reading[edit]

  • Ayusuk, S., Siripongvutikorn, S., Thummaratwasik, P., & Usawakesmanee, W. (2009). Effect of heat treatment on antioxidant properties of Tom-Kha paste and herbs/spices used in Tom-Kha paste. Kasetsart Journal Natural Science, 43(5), 305-312.
  • Buasi, J. Joy's Thai Food Recipe Cookbook. Apornpradab Buasi.
  • Sunanta, S. (2005, October). The globalization of Thai cuisine. In Canadian Council for Southeast Asian Studies Conference, York University, Toronto (pp. 1-17).

External links[edit]