Petty performing in June 2012
Thomas Earl Petty
October 20, 1950
Gainesville, Florida, U.S.
|Died||October 2, 2017 (aged 66)|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Accidental overdose of prescription drugs.|
(m. 1974; div. 1996)
Dana York (m. 2001)
Thomas Earl Petty (October 20, 1950 – October 2, 2017) was an American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer, and actor. He was the lead singer of Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, formed in 1976. He previously led the band Mudcrutch, and was also a member of the late 1980s supergroup the Traveling Wilburys.
Petty recorded a number of hit singles with the Heartbreakers and as a solo artist. In his career, he sold more than 80 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He and the Heartbreakers were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2002. Petty died at the age of 66, of an accidental overdose of prescription drugs, one week after the completion of the Heartbreakers' 40th anniversary tour.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Views on artistic control
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Death
- 6 Equipment
- 7 Awards and honors
- 8 Filmography
- 9 Discography
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Petty was born October 20, 1950, in Gainesville, Florida, the first of two sons of Kitty (Katherine) Petty, a local tax office worker, and Earl Petty, who worked in a grocery store. He had a brother, Bruce, who was seven years younger. His interest in rock and roll music began at age ten when he met Elvis Presley. In the summer of 1961, his uncle was working on the set of Presley's film Follow That Dream, in nearby Ocala, and invited Petty to watch the shoot. He instantly became a Presley fan, and when he returned that Saturday, he was greeted by his friend Keith Harben, and soon traded his Wham-O slingshot for a collection of Elvis 45s. Of that meeting with Presley, Petty said, "Elvis glowed." In a 2006 interview, Petty said he knew he wanted to be in a band the moment he saw the Beatles on The Ed Sullivan Show. "The minute I saw the Beatles on the Ed Sullivan Show—and it's true of thousands of guys—there was the way out. There was the way to do it. You get your friends and you're a self-contained unit. And you make the music. And it looked like so much fun. It was something I identified with. I had never been hugely into sports. ... I had been a big fan of Elvis. But I really saw in the Beatles that here's something I could do. I knew I could do it. It wasn't long before there were groups springing up in garages all over the place." He dropped out of high school at age 17 to play bass with his newly formed band.
In an interview with the CBC in 2014, Petty stated that the Rolling Stones were "my punk music". He credited the group with inspiring him by demonstrating that he and musicians like him could make it in rock and roll.
One of his first guitar teachers was Don Felder, a fellow Gainesville resident, who later joined the Eagles. As a young man, Petty worked briefly on the grounds crew of the University of Florida, but never attended as a student. An Ogeechee lime tree that he allegedly planted while employed at the university is now called the Tom Petty tree (Petty stated that he did not recall planting any trees). He also worked briefly as a gravedigger.
Petty also overcame a difficult relationship with his father, who found it hard to accept that his son was "a mild-mannered kid who was interested in the arts" and subjected him to verbal and physical abuse on a regular basis.[need quotation to verify] Petty was close to his mother and remained close to his brother, Bruce.
1976–1987: Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
Shortly after embracing his musical aspirations, Petty started a band known as the Epics, later to evolve into Mudcrutch. The band included future Heartbreakers Mike Campbell and Benmont Tench and was popular in Gainesville, but their recordings went unnoticed by a mainstream audience. Their only single, "Depot Street", released in 1975 by Shelter Records, failed to chart.
After Mudcrutch split up, Petty reluctantly agreed to pursue a solo career. Tench decided to form his own group, whose sound Petty appreciated. Eventually, Petty and Campbell collaborated with Tench, Ron Blair and Stan Lynch, forming the first lineup of the Heartbreakers. Their eponymous debut album gained minute popularity amongst American audiences, achieving greater success in Britain. The single "Breakdown" was re-released in 1977, and peaked at No. 40 in early 1978 after the band toured in the United Kingdom in support of Nils Lofgren. The debut album was released by Shelter Records, which at that time was distributed by ABC Records.
Their second album, You're Gonna Get It!, was the band's first Top 40 album, featuring the singles "I Need to Know" and "Listen to Her Heart". Their third album, Damn the Torpedoes, quickly went platinum, selling nearly two million copies; it includes their breakthrough singles "Don't Do Me Like That", "Here Comes My Girl" and "Refugee".
In September 1979, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers performed at a Musicians United for Safe Energy concert at Madison Square Garden in New York. Their rendition of "Cry to Me" was featured on the resulting album, No Nukes.
The 4th album Hard Promises, released in 1981, became a top-ten hit, going platinum and spawning the hit single "The Waiting". The album also featured Petty's first duet, "Insider" with Stevie Nicks.
Bass player Ron Blair quit the group and was replaced on the fifth album, Long After Dark (1982), by Howie Epstein; the resulting lineup lasted until 1994. In 1985, the band participated in Live Aid, playing four songs at John F. Kennedy Stadium, in Philadelphia. Southern Accents was also released in 1985. This album included the hit single "Don't Come Around Here No More", which was produced by Dave Stewart. The song's video featured Petty dressed as the Mad Hatter, mocking and chasing Alice from the book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, then cutting and eating her as if she were a cake. The ensuing tour led to the live album Pack Up the Plantation: Live! and an invitation from Bob Dylan—Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers joined him on his True Confessions Tour. They also played some dates with the Grateful Dead in 1986 and 1987. Also in 1987, the group released Let Me Up (I've Had Enough) which includes "Jammin' Me" which Petty wrote with Dylan.
1988–1991: Traveling Wilburys and solo career
In 1988, Petty joined George Harrison's group, the Traveling Wilburys, which also included Bob Dylan, Roy Orbison, and Jeff Lynne. The band's first song, "Handle with Care", was intended as a B-side of one of Harrison's singles, but was judged too good for that purpose and the group decided to record a full album, Traveling Wilburys Vol. 1. A second Wilburys album, mischievously titled Traveling Wilburys Vol. 3 and recorded without the recently deceased Orbison, followed in 1990. The album was named Vol. 3 as a response to a series of bootlegged studio sessions being sold as Travelling Wilburys Vol. 2. Petty incorporated Traveling Wilburys songs into his live shows, consistently playing "Handle with Care" in shows from 2003 to 2006, and for his 2008 tour adding "surprises" such as "End of the Line" to the set list.
In 1989, Petty released Full Moon Fever, which featured hits "I Won't Back Down", "Free Fallin'" and "Runnin' Down a Dream". It was nominally his first solo album, although several Heartbreakers and other well-known musicians participated: Mike Campbell co-produced the album with Petty and Jeff Lynne of Electric Light Orchestra, and backing musicians included Campbell, Lynne, and fellow Wilburys Roy Orbison and George Harrison (Ringo Starr appears on drums in the video for "I Won't Back Down", but they were actually performed by Phil Jones).
Petty and the Heartbreakers reformed in 1991 and released Into the Great Wide Open, which was co-produced by Lynne and included the hit singles "Learning To Fly" and "Into the Great Wide Open", the latter featuring Johnny Depp and Faye Dunaway in the music video.
Before leaving MCA Records, Petty and the Heartbreakers got together to record, live in the studio, two new songs for a Greatest Hits package: "Mary Jane's Last Dance" and Thunderclap Newman's "Something in the Air". This was Stan Lynch's last recorded performance with the Heartbreakers. Petty commented "He left right after the session without really saying goodbye." The package went on to sell over ten million copies, therefore receiving diamond certification by the RIAA.
1991–2017: Move to Warner Bros. Records
In 1989, while still under contract to MCA, Petty secretly signed a lucrative deal with Warner Bros. Records, to which the Traveling Wilburys had been signed. His first album on his new label, 1994's Wildflowers (Petty's second of three solo albums), included the singles "You Don't Know How It Feels", "You Wreck Me", "It's Good to Be King", and "A Higher Place". The album, produced by Rick Rubin, sold over three million copies in the United States.
In 1996, Petty, with the Heartbreakers, released a soundtrack to the movie She's the One, starring Cameron Diaz and Jennifer Aniston (see Songs and Music from "She's the One"). The album's singles were "Walls (Circus)" (featuring Lindsey Buckingham), "Climb that Hill", and a song written by Lucinda Williams, "Change the Locks". The album also included a cover of "Asshole", a song by Beck. The same year, the band accompanied Johnny Cash on Unchained (provisionally entitled "Petty Cash"), for which Cash would win a Grammy for Best Country Album (Cash would later cover Petty's "I Won't Back Down" on American III: Solitary Man).
In 1999, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers released their last album with Rubin at the helm, Echo. Two songs were released as singles in the U.S., "Room at the Top" and "Free Girl Now". The album reached number 10 in the U.S. album charts.
Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers played "I Won't Back Down" at the America: A Tribute to Heroes benefit concert for victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks. The following year, they played "Taxman", "I Need You" and "Handle with Care" (joined for the last by Jeff Lynne, Dhani Harrison, and Jim Keltner) at the Concert for George in honor of Petty's friend and former bandmate George Harrison.
Petty's 2002 release, The Last DJ, was an album-length critique of the practices within the music industry. The title track, inspired by Los Angeles radio personality Jim Ladd, bemoaned the end of the freedom that radio DJs once had to personally select songs for their station's playlists. The album peaked at number nine on the Billboard 200 album chart in the United States.
In 2006, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers headlined the fifth annual Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival as part of their "30th Anniversary Tour". Special guests included Stevie Nicks, Pearl Jam, the Allman Brothers Band, Trey Anastasio, the Derek Trucks Band, and the Black Crowes. Nicks joined Petty and the Heartbreakers on stage for "a selection of songs" including "Stop Draggin' My Heart Around".
In July 2006, Petty released a solo album titled Highway Companion, which included the hit "Saving Grace". It debuted at number four on the Billboard 200, which was Petty's highest chart position since the introduction of the Nielsen SoundScan system for tracking album sales in 1991. Highway Companion was briefly promoted on the tour with the Heartbreakers in 2006, with performances of "Saving Grace", "Square One", "Down South" and "Flirting with Time".
During the summer of 2007, Petty reunited with his old bandmates Tom Leadon and Randall Marsh along with Heartbreakers Benmont Tench and Mike Campbell to reform his pre-Heartbreakers band Mudcrutch. The quintet recorded an album of 14 songs that was released on April 29, 2008 (on iTunes, an additional song "Special Place" was available if the album was pre-ordered). The band supported the album with a brief tour of California in the spring of 2008.
In 2007, Petty and the Heartbreakers’ contributed a cover of "I'm Walkin'" to the album Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino. The album's sales helped buy instruments for students in New Orleans public schools and they contributed to the building of a community center in the city's Hurricane Katrina-damaged Ninth Ward.
On February 3, 2008, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers performed during the halftime-show of Super Bowl XLII at the University of Phoenix Stadium. They played "American Girl", "I Won't Back Down", "Free Fallin'" and "Runnin' Down a Dream". That summer, the band toured North America with Steve Winwood as the opening act. Winwood joined Petty and the Heartbreakers on stage at select shows and performed his Spencer Davis Group hit "Gimme Some Lovin'", and occasionally he performed his Blind Faith hit "Can't Find My Way Home". In November 2009 the boxed set The Live Anthology, a compilation of live recordings from 1978 to 2006, was released.
The band's twelfth album Mojo was released on June 15, 2010, and reached number two on the Billboard 200 album chart. Petty described the album as "Blues-based. Some of the tunes are longer, more jam-y kind of music. A couple of tracks really sound like the Allman Brothers—not the songs but the atmosphere of the band." To promote the record, the band appeared as the musical guests on Saturday Night Live on May 15, 2010. The release of Mojo was followed by a North American summer tour. Prior to the tour, five of the band's guitars, including two owned by Petty, were stolen from their practice space in Culver City, California in April 2010. The items were recovered by Los Angeles police the next week.
In 2012, the band went on a world tour that included their first European dates in 20 years and their first ever concerts in the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador.
On July 28, 2014, Reprise Records released Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers' thirteenth studio album, Hypnotic Eye. The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, becoming the first Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers album to ever top the chart. On November 20, 2015, the Tom Petty Radio channel debuted on SiriusXM.
In 2017, the Heartbreakers embarked on a 40th Anniversary Tour of the United States. The tour began on April 20 in Oklahoma City and ended on September 25 with a performance at the Hollywood Bowl in Hollywood, California. The Hollywood Bowl concert, which would ultimately be the Heartbreakers' final show, ended with a performance of "American Girl".
On September 28, 2018, Reprise Records released An American Treasure, a 60-track career-spanning box set featuring dozens of previously unreleased recordings, alternate versions of classic songs, rarities, historic live performances and deep tracks. The box set was preceded by the first single, "Keep A Little Soul", in July 2018. The song is an unreleased outtake originally recorded in 1982 during the Long After Dark sessions.
Petty's first appearance in film took place in 1978, when he had a cameo in FM. He later had a small part in 1987's Made in Heaven and appeared in several episodes of It's Garry Shandling's Show between 1987 and 1990, playing himself as one of Garry Shandling's neighbors. Petty was also featured in Shandling's other show, The Larry Sanders Show, as one of the Story within a story final guests. In the episode, Petty gets bumped from the show and nearly comes to blows with Greg Kinnear.
Petty appeared in the 1997 film The Postman, directed by and starring Kevin Costner, as the Bridge City Mayor (from the dialogue it is implied that he is playing a future history version of himself). In 2002, he appeared on The Simpsons in the episode "How I Spent My Strummer Vacation", along with Mick Jagger, Keith Richards, Lenny Kravitz, Elvis Costello, and Brian Setzer. In it, Petty spoofed himself as a tutor to Homer Simpson on the art of lyric writing, composing a brief song about a drunk girl driving down the road while concerned with the state of public schools. Later in the episode, he loses a toe during a riot.
Petty had a recurring role as the voice of Elroy "Lucky" Kleinschmidt in the animated comedy series King of the Hill from 2004 to 2009. In 2010, Petty made a five-second cameo appearance with comedian Andy Samberg in a musical video titled "Great Day" featured on the bonus DVD as part of The Lonely Island's new album Turtleneck & Chain.
Views on artistic control
Petty was known as a staunch guardian of his artistic control and artistic freedom. In 1979, he was involved in a legal dispute when ABC Records was sold to MCA Records. He refused to be transferred to another record label without his consent. In May 1979, he filed for bankruptcy and was signed to the new MCA subsidiary Backstreet Records.
In early 1981, the upcoming Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers album, which would become Hard Promises, was slated to be the next MCA release with the new list price of $9.98, following Steely Dan's Gaucho and the Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra Xanadu soundtrack. This so-called "superstar pricing" was $1.00 more than the usual list price of $8.98. Petty voiced his objections to the price hike in the press and the issue became a popular cause among music fans. Non-delivery of the album and naming it Eight Ninety-Eight were considered, but eventually MCA decided against the price increase.
In 1987, Petty sued tire company B.F. Goodrich for $1 million for using a song very similar to his song "Mary's New Car" in a TV commercial. The ad agency that produced the commercial had previously sought permission to use Petty's song but was refused. A judge issued a temporary restraining order prohibiting further use of the ad and the suit was later settled out of court.
Some have claimed that the Red Hot Chili Peppers single "Dani California", released in May 2006, is very similar to Petty's "Mary Jane's Last Dance". Petty told Rolling Stone Magazine, "I seriously doubt that there is any negative intent there. And a lot of rock 'n' roll songs sound alike. Ask Chuck Berry. The Strokes took 'American Girl' for their song 'Last Nite', and I saw an interview with them where they actually admitted it. That made me laugh out loud. I was like, 'OK, good for you' ... If someone took my song note for note and stole it maliciously, then maybe [I'd sue]. But I don't believe in lawsuits much. I think there are enough frivolous lawsuits in this country without people fighting over pop songs."
In January 2015, it was revealed that Petty and Jeff Lynne would receive royalties from Sam Smith's song "Stay with Me" after its writers acknowledged similarities between it and "I Won't Back Down". Petty and co-composer Lynne were each awarded 12.5% of the royalties from "Stay with Me", and their names were added to the ASCAP song credit. Petty clarified that he did not believe Smith plagiarized him, saying, "All my years of songwriting have shown me these things can happen. Most times you catch it before it gets out the studio door but in this case it got by. Sam's people were very understanding of our predicament and we easily came to an agreement".
Petty married Jane Benyo in 1974, and they divorced in 1996. Benyo once told mutual friend Stevie Nicks that she had met Petty at "the age of seventeen". Nicks misheard Benyo's North Florida accent, inspiring the title of her song "Edge of Seventeen". Petty and Benyo had two daughters: Adria, a director, and Annakim, an artist. Petty married Dana York on June 3, 2001, and had a stepson, Dylan, from York's earlier marriage.
In May 1987, an arsonist set fire to Petty's house in Encino, California. Firefighters were able to salvage the basement recording studio and the original tapes stored there, as well as his Gibson Dove acoustic guitar. His signature gray top hat, however, was destroyed.
Petty struggled with heroin addiction from roughly 1996 through 1999. He credited the emotional pain from the dissolution of his marriage to Benyo as a major contributing cause. He later said that "using heroin went against my grain. I didn't want to be enslaved to anything." He eventually went to a treatment center, and was able to successfully treat his addiction and stop using heroin before the tour for Echo in mid-1999.
Petty was found unconscious at his home, not breathing and in cardiac arrest, early in the morning of Monday, October 2, 2017. He was resuscitated and taken to the UCLA Medical Center in Santa Monica, California, where he died at 8:40 pm PDT (3:40 am GMT) after premature reports of his death throughout the day.
On January 19, 2018, the Los Angeles County Medical Examiner announced that Petty had died accidentally from mixed drug toxicity, a combination of fentanyl, oxycodone, acetylfentanyl and despropionyl fentanyl (all opioids); temazepam and alprazolam (both sedatives); and citalopram (an antidepressant).
In a statement on his official website, Petty's wife and daughter said he had multiple medical problems, including emphysema, knee difficulties "and most significantly a fractured hip". He was prescribed pain medication for these problems and informed on the day of his death that his hip had graduated to a full break. The statement read, "[it] is our feeling that the pain was simply unbearable and was the cause for his overuse of medication.[..] We feel confident that this was, as the coroner found, an unfortunate accident".
On September 28, 2018, Petty's wife Dana gave an interview to Billboard saying that Petty put off hip surgery his doctors had recommended for some time. "He'd had it in mind it was his last tour and he owed it to his long-time crew, from decades some of them, and his fans." Dana said that Petty was in a good mood the day before his death; "He had those three shows in L.A. Never had he been so proud of himself, so happy, so looking forward to the future – and then he's gone."
Petty owned and used a number of guitars over the years. From 1976 to 1982, his main instrument was a sunburst 1964 Fender Stratocaster. He also used a number of Rickenbacker guitars from 1979 onward, notably a 1965 Rose Morris 1993 and 1987 reissue of the Rose Morris 1997,[clarification needed] a 1967 360/12 and 1989 660/12TP. The Rickenbacker 660/12TP was designed by Petty (specifically the neck) and featured his signature from 1991 to 1997.
For acoustic guitars, Petty had a signature C.F. Martin HD-40, and wrote virtually all of his songs on a Gibson Dove acoustic saved from his 1987 house fire. He also used a Gibson J-200 in a natural finish and a late 1970s Guild D25 12-string acoustic.
Awards and honors
In April 1996, Petty received UCLA's George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin Award for Lifetime Musical Achievement. The next month, Petty won the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers' Golden Note Award.
Petty received the Billboard Century Award, the organization's highest honor for creative achievement, at a ceremony on December 6, 2005, during the Billboard Music Awards at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas.
In September 2006, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers received the keys to the city of Gainesville, Florida, where he and his bandmates either lived or grew up. From July 2006 until 2007 the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio, featured an exhibit of Tom Petty items; much of the content was donated by Petty during a visit to his home by some of the Hall's curatorial staff.
In October 2018, on what would have been the singer's 68th birthday, the city of Gainesville renamed the former Northeast Park, a park where a young Petty had often visited, as Tom Petty Park.
|1987||Made in Heaven||Stanky|
|1996||She's the One||N/A||Soundtrack|
|1997||The Postman||Bridge City Mayor|
|2013||Sound City||Himself||Music Documentary|
|2019||Echo in the Canyon||Himself||Music Documentary|
|1979–2010||Saturday Night Live!||Himself (musical guest)||8 episodes|
— "Buck Henry/Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers" (1979)
— "Howard Hesseman/Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers" (1983)
— "Steve Martin/Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers" (1989)
— "Kirstie Alley/Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers" (1992)
— "John Turturro/Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers" (1994)
— "Tom Hanks/Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers" (1996)
— "John Goodman/Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers" (1999)
— "Alec Baldwin/Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers" (2010)
|1987–89||It's Garry Shandling's Show.||Himself||4 episodes|
— "It's Gary Shandling's Christmas Show" (1987)
— "No Baby, No Show" (1987)
— "Vegas: Part 1" (1989)
— "Vegas: Part 2" (1989)
|1989||Biography||Himself (interviewee)||Episode: "Johnny Cash: The Man in Black"|
|1998||The Larry Sanders Show||Himself||Episode: "Flip"|
|1999||Behind the Music||Himself||Episode: "Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers"|
|2002||The Simpsons||Himself (voice role)||Episode: "How I Spent My Strummer Vacation"|
|2004–09||King of the Hill||Lucky / Mud Dobber (voice role)||recurring role (28 episodes)|
|2008||Super Bowl XLII||Himself||Halftime show|
Credited as Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
with the Heartbreakers
- Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (1976)
- You're Gonna Get It! (1978)
- Damn the Torpedoes (1979)
- Hard Promises (1981)
- Long After Dark (1982)
- Southern Accents (1985)
- Let Me Up (I've Had Enough) (1987)
- Into the Great Wide Open (1991)
- Songs and Music from "She's the One" (1996)
- Echo (1999)
- The Last DJ (2002)
- Mojo (2010)
- Hypnotic Eye (2014)
with the Traveling Wilburys
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. Mainstream Rock chart
- List of best-selling music artists
- "Top talent at The Flowerpot". Belper News. January 30, 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- Grow, Kory (January 20, 2018). "Tom Petty's Cause of Death: Accidental Overdose". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 22, 2018.
- Sweeting, Adam (October 3, 2017). "Tom Petty obituary". The Guardian.
- "Tom Petty: Music Producer, Guitarist, Songwriter, Singer (1950–2017)". Biography.com (FYI / A&E Networks). Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- DeYoung, Bill (July 27, 2004). "Tom Petty, Musician". The Gainesville Sun.
- Sager, Mike (June 30, 2006). "What I've Learned: Tom Petty". Esquire. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Dean, Bill (August 16, 2007). "Tom Petty's Life Changed When He Met Elvis". Gainesville Sun. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Newman, Melinda (November 28, 2005). "Tom Petty: A Portrait of the Artist". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- George-Warren, Holly (2000). "Southern Gallery: Tom Petty." Oxford American: A Magazine of the South 34 (July/August 2000). http://www.oxfordamerican.org/magazine/item/1327-tom-petty
- "Tom Petty Knows 'How It Feels'". Fresh Air. NPR. July 27, 2006. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Crandall, Bill (February 6, 2014). "10 Musicians Who Saw the Beatles Standing There". CBS News.
- "Tom Petty: Rolling Stones Were 'My Punk Music'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Felder, Don (2008). Heaven and Hell: My Life in the Eagles. Wiley. P. 28. ISBN 978-0-470-28906-8.
- "Gibson Guitars Interview with Don Felder". Gibson. June 24, 2008. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- Machen, Bernie (September 6, 2006). "September 13, 2006 Speech to Campus Community Council". University of Florida Office of the President. Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
- "Tom Petty Gets Key to Gainesville, Fla". Fox News Channel. November 22, 2006. Archived from the original on April 6, 2008. Retrieved April 15, 2008.
- Pedersen, Erik (April 17, 2011). "Tom Petty Discusses Influences, Career During SiriusXM Q&A Session". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- DeYoung, Bill. "Full Steam Ahead". Goldmine July 13, 1990.
- Zollo, Paul (2005). Conversations with Tom Petty. pp. 8–15. ISBN 1-84449-815-8.
- Runnin' Down a Dream (2007). Documentary film by Peter Bogdanovich.
- Greenberg, Rudi (June 7, 2016). "Tom Petty Turned Back the Clock with Mudcrutch at the 9:30 Club in D.C. on June 6". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2006). "Tom Petty: Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- "Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers: History of the Band". Mudcrutch Farm. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Finn, Natalie (October 23, 2007). "Raitt, Browne & Nash Rerock Against Nukes". E!. Archived from the original on May 30, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "No Nukes: Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
- Beviglia, Jim (February 10, 2016). "Behind The Song: Stevie Nicks with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers". American Songwriter. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Jammin' Me: Review". AllMusic. Retrieved April 19, 2009.
- Graff, Gary (June 4, 2008). "Tom Petty / May 31, 2008 / Auburn Hills, Mich. (The Palace)". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Readers' Poll: Tom Petty's 10 Best Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Patridge, Kenneth. "Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers' 'Into the Great Wide Open' at 25: Classic Track-by-Track Album Lookback". Billboard. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- "Gold & Platinum – Tom Petty". RIAA. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Philips, Chuck (April 5, 1992). "Petty's Secret Deal Isn't for Petty Cash". Los Angeles Times. p. 58.
- "Tom Petty: From the Unchained Sessions to 'I Won't Back Down' – Uncut". Uncut. February 16, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers – Chart history". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 23, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Sullivan, Robert (February 26, 2014). "The Best Beatles Reunion". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Graff, Gary. "Petty has harsh words about music industry". United Press International. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Halperin, Shirley. "Jim Ladd, the Inspiration for Tom Petty's 'The Last DJ,' Laid Off From Radio Gig". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Appleford, Steve. "Tom Petty Breaks Out Hits, Deep Cuts and Storytelling at Benefit". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- "Stevie Nicks Joins Opening Leg of Petty Tour". Billboard. May 26, 2006. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Readers' Poll: The 10 Greatest Duets of All Time". Rolling Stone. June 4, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Light, Alan (July 20, 2006). "Tom Petty: Highway Companion". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- MacNeil, Jason (March 20, 2008). "Petty Dusts Off Mudcrutch For Album, Tour". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Tom Petty Covers Fats Domino: Listen to "I'm Walkin'"". Rolling Stone. September 17, 2007. Archived from the original on July 1, 2009.
- "Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers Announce US Summer Tour". Komodo Rock. January 25, 2008. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- "Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers – "Good Enough"". Stereogum. February 25, 2010. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Alec Baldwin Ties 'SNL' Hosting Record; Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers Perform". MTV News. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Lewis, Randy (April 17, 2012). "Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers' stolen guitars recovered". LA Times Blogs – Pop & Hiss. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Ernsberger, Parry. "Tour Alert: Drake Launches Club Paradise Tour in 2012". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Dunham, Nancy. "Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers Announce 2012 Tour". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Caufield, Keith. "Tom Petty Scores First No. 1 Album on Billboard 200". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Lewis, Randy (November 17, 2015). "Tom Petty Radio channel debuts Nov. 20 on Sirius XM". Los Angeles Times.
- "40th Anniversary Tour Announced! – TomPetty.com Official Blog". TomPetty.com Official Website. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
- Martinelli, Marissa (October 3, 2017). "Watch Tom Petty's Final Performance at the Hollywood Bowl". Slate. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
- Greene, Andy. "Watch Tom Petty Play 'American Girl' at His Final Concert". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
- Aswad, Jem. "Tom Petty 'An American Treasure' Boxed Set Track List Revealed, New Song Drops". Variety. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- Thompson, Simon (October 2, 2017). "Tom Petty: His Legacy In Film And TV". Forbes. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Ryan, Kyle (February 27, 2013). "10 episodes that made The Larry Sanders Show one of the best comedies of the '90s". The AV Club. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Lang, Cady (October 2, 2017). "Tom Petty's Simpson Cameo Perfectly Captured the Thinking Rock Star's Dilemma". Time. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Phillips, Ian (June 2, 2016). "RANKED: The 13 best songs by The Lonely Island". INSIDER. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Petty, Tom (2007). Runnin' Down a Dream: Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. Chronicle Books. p. 79. ISBN 978-0-811-86201-1.
- Goldstein, Patrick (February 1, 1981). "Petty Battling MCA Over Record Price Hike". Los Angeles Times. p. N72.
- Marsh, Dave (July 1981). "Tom Petty". Musician. p. 43.
- Goldstein, Patrick (March 8, 1987). "B.f. Goodrich's Ad 'Tires Out' Tom Petty". Los Angeles Times.
- "BFG Ad Not Petty To Petty". Akron Beacon Journal. March 6, 1987. p. D8.
- "WGMD". WGMD. September 8, 2006. Archived from the original on August 25, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- "Red Hot Chili Peppers Accused of Plagiarism". BC Magazine. May 31, 2006. Archived from the original on June 13, 2006.
- Strauss, Neil (June 30, 2006). "Rolling Stone Interview, 2006". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- "Update: Tom Petty awarded songwriting royalties for Sam Smith's "Stay With Me"". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Kreps, Daniel (January 29, 2015). "Tom Petty on Sam Smith Settlement: 'No Hard Feelings. These Things Happen'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 31, 2015.
- Tannenbaum, Rob. "Stevie Nicks Admits Past Pregnancy With Don Henley and More About Her Wild History". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Schruers, Fred (July 21, 2014). "Tom Petty on the 'Good Thing About Getting Old': 'You Know What's Worth Spending Time on and What's Not'". Billboard. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- Uhelszki, Jann. "Tom Petty Gets Hitched". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 2, 2017.
- "Rock Star Tom Petty's Home Damaged in Fire". Los Angeles Times. May 18, 1987. Metro sec.
- Zollo, Paul (2005). Conversations With Tom Petty. pp. 106–109. ISBN 1-84449-815-8.
- Ellis, Ralph (January 21, 2018). "Tom Petty died of accidental drug overdose, medical examiner says". CNN.com. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
- Petty: The Biography by Warren Zanes, p. 269.
- People Magazine article: How Tom Petty Overcame an Abusive Childhood, Heartbreaking Divorce and Heroin Addiction to Find True Love".
- The Fix article: "Rock Legend Tom Petty Dies at 66."
- Petty: The Biography by Warren Zanes, p. 270.
- Willman, Chris. "Dixie Chicks, Russell Simmons Meditate on Rick Rubin's Greatness at David Lynch Foundation Event". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2014.
[T]here are plenty of other stars left to testify to TM's benefits, including Paul McCartney and Tom Petty.
- Lewis, Randy (October 2, 2017). "Tom Petty, Heartbreakers frontman who sang 'Breakdown,' 'Free Fallin'' and other hits, dies at 66". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2017. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "How confusion spread over news of Tom Petty's 'death'". News.com.au. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Schonfeld, Zach. "Tom Petty's Death Was Reported Prematurely. How Did The Media Botch It So Badly?". Newsweek. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Hermann, Andy (October 3, 2017). "Tom Petty Was the Great Rock Songwriter We Too Often Took for Granted". LA Weekly. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Tom Petty, Rock Icon Who Led the Heartbreakers, Dead at 66". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Tom Petty Private Funeral Services Held Today". October 16, 2017. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
- "Tom Petty's Cause of Death: Accidental Overdose". Rolling Stone. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- "Tom Petty died of accidental drug overdose, medical examiner says". CNN. January 20, 2018.
- "Statement". TomPetty.com Official Website. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
- "Tom Petty's Widow and Bandmates Reflect on His Unreleased Material - And What's Next". Billboard. September 28, 2018.
- Roman, Ed. "Tom Petty Guitars". Celebrityrockstarguitars.com. Archived from the original on September 19, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- "Backstage Pass: Tom Petty". Guitaredge.com. Archived from the original on October 7, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- BoeHlert, Eric (January 21, 1995). "Does paying tribute pay?". Billboard. p. 83. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
One of the most interesting salutes in 1994 was "You Got Lucky – A Tribute To Tom Petty"...
- Goss, James P (2000). Pop Culture Florida. Pineapple Press. p. 52. ISBN 9781561641994. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "BMI, ASCAP Celebrate 1996 Pop Music Awards". Billboard. August 17, 1996. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
Among the evening's highlights was the presentation of the Golden Note Award to songwriter, artist, and producer Tom Petty.
- Hoffman, Frank (2016). Chronology of American Popular Music, 1900–2000. Routledge. p. 501. ISBN 9781135868864. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Plain Dealer staff (September 3, 2010). "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum timeline: 1995–2010". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "Tom Petty To Receive Billboard's Century Award". Billboard. October 13, 2005. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Mitchell, Gail (December 17, 2005). "2005 Billboard Music Awards". Billboard. p. 21. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
Green Day's Billie Joe Armstrong presented Petty with the Billboard Century Award
- "Tom Petty gets key to Gainesville, Fla". USA Today. Associated Press. September 22, 2006. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- "Rock Hall exhibits Tom Petty, Heartbreakers". Today. Associated Press. June 30, 2006. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- Carr, David (October 10, 2007). "Big Screen Embraces Hot Muse: Rock Stars". The New York Times. Retrieved October 3, 2017.
- "2018 MusiCares Person of the Year: Fleetwood Mac". Grammy.org. July 28, 2015. Archived from the original on November 5, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- "Petty gets tribute panel on 34th Street mural". The Gainesville Sun. October 3, 2017.
- Swirko, Cindy (October 20, 2018). "Family members and hundreds of fans welcome 'Tom Petty Park'". Gainesville Sun. Retrieved October 21, 2018.