Tomas Osmeña

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Tomas Osmeña
Tommy Osmeña 2017.jpg
Mayor of Cebu City
In office
June 30, 2016 – June 30, 2019
Vice MayorEdgardo Labella
Preceded byMichael Rama
Succeeded byEdgardo Labella
In office
June 30, 2001 – June 30, 2010
Vice MayorMichael Rama
Preceded byAlvin Garcia
Succeeded byMichael Rama
In office
February 2, 1988 – June 30, 1995
Preceded byAntonio Veloso
Succeeded byAlvin Garcia
Member of the
Philippine House of Representatives
from Cebu City's 2nd district
In office
June 30, 2010 – June 30, 2013
Preceded byAntonio Cuenco
Succeeded byRodrigo Abellanosa
Personal details
Born
Tomas de la Rama Osmeña

(1948-07-26) July 26, 1948 (age 71)
Manila, Philippines
Political party
Other political
affiliations
Liberal Party (2010–2018)
Spouse(s)
Margarita Lim Vargas (m. 1983)
ChildrenRamon Miguel Osmeña
MotherLourdes de la Rama-Osmeña
FatherSergio "Serging" Osmeña, Jr.
EducationSacred Heart School for Boys (High School)
Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan (BS)
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionAgriculturist
Net worth₱10 million (as of December 2017)[2]
Signature

Tomas "Tommy" de la Rama Osmeña (Tagalog: [toˈmɐs ɔsˈmɛɲa]; born July 26, 1948) is a Filipino politician who served as the Mayor of Cebu City thrice: first from 1987 to 1995, again from 2001 to 2010, and lastly from 2016 to 2019. He also served as Congressman representing the second district of Cebu City from 2010 to 2013. He is a grandson of former Philippine President Sergio Osmeña.

He is also considered as the founder of Bando Osmeña – Pundok Kauswagan, a local political group run by the Osmeña family of Cebu.[3][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Tommy Osmeña (2nd from left) with his family in Cebu City.

Osmeña is the son of Senator Sergio Osmeña, Jr. and Lourdes de la Rama-Osmeña of Negros Occidental. He is the fourth among five siblings, namely former Senator Sergio III, Maria Victoria, Esteban and Georgia. His father, the son of former Philippine President Sergio Osmeña, was a politician from Cebu having served as Governor of Cebu, Mayor of Cebu City and Senator while his mother was the daughter of former Senator Esteban dela Rama, the founder of the Dela Rama Steamship Company which was the country's largest shipping firm in the 1950s.[5]

He grew up in Metro Manila where he got to study in La Salle Green Hills until first year high school in which he failed his Tagalog and Catechism classes. "I couldn’t stand those two things," he said in an interview and eventually transferred to Sacred Heart School for Boys in Cebu.[6]

Among his siblings, he was the only one to finish secondary school in the Philippines after declining the offer to study in the United States. He finished Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Economics from Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan in Cagayan de Oro City and went on for further graduate studies in Finance, Management and International Trade at the University of California, Los Angeles.[6][7]

During his father's campaign for President in the 1969 elections, he would be mingling with the crowd and trade stories with anyone in the sorties according to his sister Maria Victoria "Minnie" Osmeña. Years later in 1972, his family had to leave Cebu after martial law was declared by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, who also defeated his father in 1969. He stayed in exile in the United States for 15 years.[6]

Early career[edit]

In 1972, while staying in the United States, Osmeña worked as vice president in his father's Los Angeles-based sales company, SEROS, Inc., then as financial analyst for Foreign Credit Insurance Association, the operating arm of the Export-Import Bank of United States wherein he was engaged in the political and economic play of the export credit accounts of a number of major US banks and exporters across 12 western states. He also served as vice president of Apex Realty and Developers in California.

He got involved as well in several civic organizations and was elected as vice president of the while he was in Los Angeles, California. He was given seven awards from different Filipino organization including an award by the Philippine-American Council of Los Angeles "for outstanding service to the Filipino-American community in LA."[7]

Mayor of Cebu City (1988-1995)[edit]

Upon returning to Cebu in 1987, he ran for Mayor of Cebu City against Jose Cuenco and defeated him despited not having a backing of a party or an endorsement coming from a national official. In his first term, he became the Chairman of the Metro Cebu Development Project (MCDP) where he was able to secure over PHP 2 billion-worth of foreign assisted projects for Metro Cebu.

In 1988, he was awarded as one of the Ten Outstanding Young Men in the Philippines in the field of Public Service, together with then Pangasinan 1st District Congressman Oscar Orbos, by the Philippine Jaycees and the Gerry Roxas Foundation, Inc.[8]

In 1990, he was elected as the National Executive Vice President of the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) and later on, was also elected on mass motion as its President from 1992 to 1995.

During his term as Mayor, Cebu City received Galing Pook Awards by the Galing Pook Foundation namely Tax Computerization (1993-1994),

In the 1992 elections, he was re-elected to office together with his candidate for Vice Mayor Alvin Garcia and fifteen of the sixteen slots for councilor in the Cebu City Council. He was also elected as the Chairman of the Regional Development Council for Central Visayas on his second term.

After serving for two terms, he gave way and endorsed his vice mayor, Alvin Garcia to run for his place in the 1995 elections. Garcia went on to win for two terms.[9][3]

Mayor of Cebu City (2001-2010)[edit]

While Garcia was mayor, Osmeña publicly criticized his aggressive push of a controversial $500 million investment scheme in which Garcia also responded by publicly calling Osmeña "stupid". When Garcia declared his candidacy for a third term in 2001, Osmeña decided to challenge his former vice mayor in the 2001 Cebu City local elections. Osmeña won by a slim margin of 3,060 votes.[3][10]

During his second stint as mayor, he was faced with several issues:

Vigilante killings[edit]

The series of vigilante-style killings in Cebu City started in December 2004 and the victims are mainly those people who have criminal records.[11] Between 2004 and 2006 in Cebu City, 168 people with criminal records were killed.[12]

Osmeña said of a series of killings of suspected criminals, "I’m not behind it. I will say I inspired it. I don’t deny that." It was suspected that the vigilante group involved is the so-called "Hunters' Team" which Osmeña formed to go after criminals.[13][14]

South Reclamation Project[edit]

He called then Talisay City Mayor Eduardo Gullas a landgrabber for staking a claim over 1.44 hectares of the South Reclamation Project (SRP). Then Talisay City Attorney Aurora Econg vowed to question any special patents or title that will be issued to Cebu City.

SRP Manager Nigel Paul Villarete dismissed Econg's claims that Talisay City was not claiming ownership, only jurisdiction.

Osmeña insisted that they were indeed after the ownership of the 1.44 hectare portion of the SRP.

The Cebu City Government was expected to pay PHP 1.528 Billion, a portion of the interest, to the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP), conduit for the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). Cebu City officials then blamed difficulties in getting titles and delays in marketing the 295 hectare SRP on the Talisay City Government, which was disputing Cebu City's application for the titling of the said reclaimed land.[15]

The Cebu City Government entered into a joint venture with Filinvest in 2009. The Cebu City Government was expected to receive 10% of the gross income from the joint venture net of the 7% marketing fees.[16]

Talisay cityhood[edit]

On August 2004, the Cebu City Government, under the administration of Osmeña, filed a case against Talisay City for alleged irregularities in its becoming a chartered city. The municipality first applied for cityhood in 1998 and was granted a charter in 2002. Talisay City counsel Aurora Econg testified possessing supporting documents showing that Talisay's cityhood is legal and official. Jurisdiction issues were raised by Cebu City when Talisay City claimed a 53.44-hectare portion of the project, claiming that it had encroached on the reclaimed land.

Talisay City, however, made the claim after the SRP was completed and ready for sale to investors. Osmeña then severed sister-city ties with Talisay City to keep the entire SRP intact.

The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), which conducted the survey, said the municipal boundary monument MBM 30 is located before km. 10 of the SRP just after the second bridge as one approaches Cebu City from Talisay.[17]

On May 10, 2006, the Court of Appeals dismissed Osmeña's petition to nullify the cityhood of Talisay. The court pointed out that the "belated action" raises questions as to its motive. The 17-page decision penned by Associate Justice Apolinario D. Bruselas Jr. of the court's 18th Division, declared that Republic Act 8979, the law creating Talisay, "does not suffer from any constitutional or statutory infirmities".[18]

Health[edit]

In March 2002, Osmeña collapsed due to hypertension which required him for a surgery and 2 months of rest. He was later treated for aneurysm at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.[19] In May 2007, he underwent a minor operation due to swollen thigh because of punctures from an angiogram.[20][21]

House of Representatives (2010–2013)[edit]

After serving for three terms as Mayor of Cebu City, Osmeña ran for Congressman representing the second district of Cebu City in the 2010 elections with vice mayor Michael Rama as candidate for Mayor, former councilor Joy Augustus Young for Vice Mayor and Rachel Marguerite del Mar as Congressman for the first district of Cebu City. He won by 57,923 votes against Jonathan Guardo of KUSUG.[9][22][23] Osmeña was sworn in as the 3rd Congressman representing the second district of Cebu City on noon of June 30, 2010.[24]

As a member of the 15th Congress, Osmeña authored 5 bills, 1 of which became a law, and co-authored 46 bills & resolutions. Below are the bills that he authored:[25]

  • House Bill 3152 which declares December 25-31 and January 1 as special non-working holidays.
  • House Bill 4737 which converts the Babag-Sudlon I road in Cebu City into a national road and appropriating funds therefor.
  • House Bill 4738 which converts the Tabunan-Sinsin road in Cebu City into a national road and appropriating funds therefor.
  • House Bill 4795 which redefines "business" for local government tax purposes, amending section 131(D) of Republic Act No. 7160, as amended, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991.
  • House Bill 5775 which creates six (6) additional branches of the Municipal Trial Court in cities and an additional branch of the Regional Trial Court in the 7th judicial region to be stationed at the City of Cebu, further amending Batas Pambansa Bilang 129, otherwise known as the Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980, as amended, and appropriating funds therefor. (Became into law as Republic Act No. 10570 on May 22, 2013)[26]

Osmeña was the vice chairperson of committee on Appropriations and committee on Economic Affairs. He also served as member of the majority of committees on Information and Communications Technology; Legislative Franchises; National Defense and Security; Trade and Industry; and Transportation.[25]

As Congressman, Osmeña was provided with a PHP 400 million Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) allocation for the south district of Cebu City on top of his PHP 75 million Priority Development Assistance Fund commonly known as pork barrel.[27]

He initially allocated the said funds for two new flyovers in Cebu City but was opposed by then Mayor Michael Rama who said that it is "not the ultimate solution to the traffic congestion" in a letter to then President Noynoy Aquino. Rama also said that it would affect the businesses in nearby areas.[28]

Due to Rama's opposition to the construction of flyovers, Osmeña decided to shift the fund to road concreting projects in the south district of Cebu City but was still opposed by Rama.[29] Osmeña eventually decided to realign the said fund to the 1st district of Cebu to spend for road widening from Carcar to Sibonga.[27]

Voting record[edit]

Here are some of the laws that passed in the 15th Congress and on how Osmeña voted on it during the third & final reading:

Republic Act (House Bill) Short title Long title Vote Source
R.A. 10149
(HB 4067)
GOCC Governance Act of 2011 An Act to Promote Financial Viability and Fiscal Discipline in Government-Owner or -Controlled Corporations and to Strengthen the Role of the State in its Governance and Management to Make them More Responsive to the Needs of Public Interest and for Other Purposes YES [30]
R.A. 10153
(HB 4146)
Synchronization of the Elections and the Term of Office of the Elective Officials of the Autonomous Region In Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) with those of the National and other Local Officials An Act Providing for the Synchronization of the Elections in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) with the National and Local Elections, and for Other Purposes NO [31]
R.A. 10156
(HB 4357)
Conferring Upon A Member of the Sangguniang Bayan, Sangguniang Panlungsod and Sangguniang Panlalawigan the Appropriate Civil Service Eligibility An Act Conferring Upon a Member of the Sangguniang Bayan, Sangguniang Panlungsod and Sangguniang Panlalawigan the Appropriate Civil Service Eligibility YES [32]
R.A. 10157
(HB 3826)
Kindergarten Education Act An Act Institutionalizing the Kindergarten Education into the Basic Education System and Appropriating Funds Therefor YES [33]
R.A. 10165
(HB 4481)
Foster Care Act Of 2011 An Act to Strengthen and Propagate Foster Care for Abandoned and Neglected Children with Special Needs, and Providing Appropriations Therefor YES [34]
R.A. 10173
(HB 4115)
Data Privacy Act Of 2011 An Act Protecting Individual Personal Data in Information and Communications Systems in the Government and in the Private Sector, Providing Penalties in Violation Thereof, and For Other Purposes YES [35]
R.A. 10175
(HB 5808)
Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 An Act Defining Cybercrime, Providing for the Prevention, Investigation, Suppression and the Imposition of Penalties Therefor and For Other Purposes YES [36]
R.A. 10176
(HB 4330)
Arbor Day Act of 2012 An Act Reviving the Observance of Arbor Day by Vesting in Provincial, City and Municipal Governments the Responsibilities for Celebrting the Day for Tree Planting as an Annual Event YES [37]
R.A. 10344
(HB 5932)
Risk Reduction And Preparedness Equipment Protection Act An Act Penalizing the Unauthorized Taking, Stealing, Keeping or Tampering of Government Risk Reduction and Preparedness Equipment, Accessories and Similar Facilities YES [38]
R.A. 10353
(HB 0098)
Anti-Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance Act of 2012 An Act Defining and Penalizing Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance and For Other Purposes YES [39]
R.A. 10354
(HB 4244)
Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive Health And Population And Development Act Of 2011 An Act Providing for a Comprehensive Policy on Responsible Parenthood, Reproductive Health, and Population and Development, and For Other Purposes ABSTAIN [40]
R.A. 10361
(HB 6144)
Domestic Workers Act An Act Instituting Regulatory Policies for Domestic Work Thereby Establishing Standards of Protection to Promote the Welfare of Domestic Workers YES [41]
R.A. 10366
(HB 5509)
Polling Center Accessibility Act Of 2011 An Act Mandating the Use of Highly Accessible Polling Places for Persons with Disabilities, Senior Citizens and Expectant Mothers YES [42]
R.A. 10367
(HB 3469)
Requiring All Registered Voters Whose Biometrics Have Not Been Captured To Appear Before The Election Officer Of Their Place Of Registration For Purposes Of Having Their Photographs, Fingerprints And Signatures Captured Through The Method Of Biometrics An Act Requiring All Registered Voters whose Biometrics have Not Been Captured to Appear before the Election Officer of their Place of Registration for Purposes of Having their Photographs, Fingerprints, and Signatures Captured through the Method of Biometrics, For Purposes of Ensuring that the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) can be Utilized to Cleanse the Records of Double or Multiple Registrants YES [43]
R.A. 10368
(HB 5990)
Compensation Act To Victims Of Human Rights Violations An Act Providing Compensation to Victims of Human Rights Violations during the Marcos Regime, Documentation of Said Violations, Appropriating Funds Therefor, and For Other Purposes YES [44]
R.A. 10533
(HB 6643)
Enhanced Basic Education Act Of 2012 An Act Enhancing the Philippine Basic Education System by Strengthening its Curriculum and Increasing the Number of Years for Basic Education, Appropriating Funds Therefor and For Other Purposes YES [45]
R.A. 10586
(HB 4244)
Anti-Drunk and Drugged Driving Act of 2013 An Act Penalizing Persons Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol, Dangerous Drugs, and Similar Substances and For Other Purposes YES [46]
R.A. 10601
(HB 6548)
Agricultural and Fisheries Mechanization (AFMech) Law An Act Promoting Agricultural and Fisheries Mechanization Development in the Country YES [47]
R.A. 10611
(HB 6474)
Food Safety Act of 2013 An Act to Strengthen the Food Safety Regulatory System in the Country to Protect Consumer Health and Facilitate Market Access of Local Foods and Food Products, and for Other Purposes YES [48]
R.A. 10612
(HB 6860)
Broadening The Coverage Of The Science And Technology Scholarship Program, Amending For The Purpose Republic Act No. 7687 An Act Broadening the Coverage of the Science and Technology Scholarship Program, Amending for the Purpose Republic Act No. 7687, Otherwise Known as the "Science and Technology Act of 1994," as Amended YES [49]
R.A. 10620
(HB 6529)
Toy and Game Safety Labeling Act of 2013 An Act Providing for Toy and Game Safety Labeling and Appropriating Funds Therefor YES [50]

Rift with Mike Rama[edit]

During a gathering of barangay captains in March 2009, Osmeña accused then vice mayor Michael "Mike" Rama as a "drug protector" for intervening in a police operation on November 29, 2008 at the home of an alleged drug suspect Crisostomo Llaguno. Rama defended himself saying that he only warned the police under Supt. Jonathan Abella of Cebu City Intelligence Branch, because they had no search warrant against Llaguno. After Rama's call, the police returned the sacks of money they seized from Llaguno's home.[51][52]

Despite this, Osmeña still reiterated his endorsement for Rama even if 56 barangay captains in Cebu City signed a manifesto endorsing Osmeña's wife Margot. His sister Minnie was also floated as an alternative candidate to Rama but did not materialized.[53]

Rama, his anointed successor, won by a margin of 90,193 votes in the 2010 elections against former Cebu City Mayor Alvin Garcia, who was also a former partymate of Osmeña before their falling out leading to the 2001 elections.[24]

A few months into Rama's term, Osmeña accused Rama of bullying Brian Lim, owner of Pyroworks Pyrotechnic Perfection, for not giving him a warning before PHP 3 million worth of their pyrotechnics were destroyed. These fireworks were found being sold outside South Road Properties which was identified as the designated area. Lim was a regular fireworks donor to the city for the Sinulog Festival.[54]

When Rama refused to give financial assistance or relocation site to the displaced families in Mahiga Creek citing that it would encourage more squatters, its residents sued him and three other city government officials before the Ombudsman-Visayas office. The complainants were aided by Pagtambayayong Foundation headed by Francisco "Bimbo" Fernandez, Osmeña's city administrator during his term and were also provided with PHP 5,000 financial assistance per family by Osmeña even if Mahiga Creek is located in the north district. Rama criticized Osmeña for not being able to solve the issue in the latter's nine-year tenure as Mayor.[55][56]

Mayor of Cebu City (2016-2019)[edit]

On October 15, 2015, Osmeña, together with his vice mayoralty candidate Nestor Archival and candidates for councilor filed their certificates of candidacies to Cebu City COMELEC for the 2016 elections. He was challenging Rama who defeated him by 5,928 votes in the 2013 elections. Joining Osmeña was his former nemesis turned ally Mary Ann de los Santos running as councilor, who was allied with then Mayor Mike Rama but left Rama's group Team Rama and joined Osmeña's BOPK after she was removed from the committee in-charge of reconstructing the Cebu City Medical Center. De los Santos also ran against Osmeña for the mayoralty post in the 2007 elections.[57][58][59]

In the 2016 elections, Osmeña defeated Rama by 33,894 votes and was proclaimed as Mayor of Cebu City on May 10, 2016 however, his vice mayoralty candidate Archival was defeated by incumbent Vice Mayor Edgardo Labella.[60]

On May 14, 2019, he was defeated by Edgardo Labella. Labella led the mayoral race with 265,738 votes, followed by Osmeña with 246,813 votes.[61]

Personal life[edit]

Osmeña is married to Margarita "Margot" Lim Vargas who they have one child, Ramon Miguel V. Osmeña.

He started dating Margot in 1969 but had to leave the Philippines for the United States in 1972 together with his parents when martial law was declared by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos. They eventually got married in 1983.

Osmeña has one grandchild, Ana Margarita Victoria "Anita" Osmeña, the daughter of Ramon Miguel and Ana Gabriela Beatriz "Bea" Osmeña.

On November 6, 2011, Osmeña's mother Lourdes de la Rama-Osmeña passed away at the age of 98 while being confined in a hospital in Bacolod City.[62]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Erram, Morexette Marie (October 13, 2018). "Tomas picks Mary Ann as running mate for 2019". Cebu Daily News. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on August 25, 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019. Osmeña also announced that BOPK is no longer affiliated with the Liberal Party (LP). He said that they have pledged allegiance to the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) party of Senator Sonny Angara.
  2. ^ Erram, Morexette Marie (May 2, 2018). "Osmeña richest dad in council". Cebu Daily News. Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Alvin says: Georgia is welcome to join the opposition". The Freeman. 2008-12-14. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  4. ^ Lito Banayo (2019-05-15). "How the mighty have fallen". Manila Standard. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  5. ^ "98-year-old matriarch passes away in Bacolod City". CDN Digital. 2011-11-07. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  6. ^ a b c "TOMMY OSMEÑA: Cebu City's own". Rappler. 2018-10-16. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  7. ^ a b "Tomas R. Osmeña Best Mayor in R.P." Archived from the original on 2003-11-23. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  8. ^ "TOYM List of Awardees". Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  9. ^ a b Rene U. Borromeo (2009-12-15). "Kusug fielding Alvin for mayor". The Freeman. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  10. ^ "The Politics of Engagement: Gains and Challenges of NGO Coalition in Cebu City |". Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  11. ^ "Cebu City's vigilante killings: Victims count reach 165". 2006-06-14. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  12. ^ "Cebu City: Mayor Osmeña, who 'inspired' vigilante killings, is back". Rappler. 2016-05-21. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  13. ^ ""You Can Die Any Time"". 2009 the Human Rights Watch (HRW) Report. 2009-04-06. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  14. ^ "Osmeña admits 'inspiring' vigilante killings". The Freeman. 2005-01-09. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  15. ^ Sun.Star Network Online - Cebu City needs P150M to pay for SRP loan Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ "Filinvest inks property deal with Cebu City". ABS-CBN News. 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
  17. ^ Cebu: Osmeña Plans To Question Talisay Cityhood Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Sun.Star Network Online - Appeals court upholds city status of Talisay Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ globalnation.inquirer, Osmenas leave for US amid prayer Archived 2008-10-11 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ sunstar.com.ph, Tom in private hospital, allies confirm Archived 2008-10-07 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ sunstar.com.ph, Wenceslao: Can BO-PK survive? Archived 2008-10-10 at the Wayback Machine
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  23. ^ "BOPK wins landslide in Cebu City". The Freeman. 2010-05-13. Retrieved 2019-09-05.
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  27. ^ a b "Osmeña realigns his flyover budget in favor of south Cebu road widening in 1st district; Gullas 'thankful' to Liberals". CDN Digital. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  28. ^ "Rama to P-Noy: Stop two flyover projects". CDN Digital. 2011-09-04. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  29. ^ Jessica Ann R. Pareja (2012-07-31). "Mayor to DPWH: Stop 6 road projects". The Freeman. Retrieved 2019-09-06.
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  48. ^ 15th Congress, Third Regular Session, House of Representatives (September 20, 2012). "Thursday, September 20, 2012" (PDF). Congressional Record. 3 (18c): 40.
  49. ^ 15th Congress, Third Regular Session, House of Representatives (February 4, 2013). "Monday, February 4, 2013" (PDF). Congressional Record. 2 (42c): 42.
  50. ^ 15th Congress, Third Regular Session, House of Representatives (October 9, 2012). "Tuesday, October 9, 2012" (PDF). Congressional Record. 1 (20): 5–6.
  51. ^ Debbie Y. Acebu (2010-04-30). "Tionko: Mayor also accused Rama of defending "drug lord"". The Freeman. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  52. ^ "Alleged druglord denies allegations". The Freeman. 2009-03-22. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  53. ^ "Comelec: Minnie can run despite dual citizenship". The Freeman. 2009-06-28. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  54. ^ Jessica Ann R. Pareja (2011-01-04). "Pyro trader mulls raps vs. city government". The Freeman. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  55. ^ Ador Vincent Mayol (2011-05-21). "Mayor faces Ombudsman case for 'abuse of authority'". Inquirer. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  56. ^ Bobit S. Avila (2011-06-01). "Time to revisit the Lina law on squatters". The Freeman. Retrieved 2019-09-08.
  57. ^ Nestle L. Semilla (2015-10-15). "Osmena, BOPK candidates file COCs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
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  60. ^ "Osmeña is Cebu City's mayor-elect". Rappler. Retrieved 2019-09-13.
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  62. ^ "Osmeña matriarch dies at age 98". CDN Digital. 2011-11-06. Retrieved 2019-09-06.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Antonio Veloso
Mayor of Cebu City
1988-1995
Succeeded by
Alvin Garcia
Preceded by
Alvin Garcia
Mayor of Cebu City
2001-2010
Succeeded by
Michael Rama
Preceded by
Michael Rama
Mayor of Cebu City
2016-2019
Succeeded by
Edgardo Labella
House of Representatives of the Philippines
Preceded by
Antonio Cuenco
Representative, 2nd District of Cebu City
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Rodrigo Abellanosa