La Tomatina

Coordinates: 39°25′10″N 0°47′26″W / 39.41944°N 0.79056°W / 39.41944; -0.79056
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La Tomatina
Official nameLa Tomatina
Observed byBuñol, Valencia, Spain
DateLast Wednesday in August
2023 dateAugust 30  (2023-08-30)
2024 dateAugust 28  (2024-08-28)
2025 dateAugust 27  (2025-08-27)
2026 dateAugust 26  (2026-08-26)

La Tomatina is a Spanish festival in Buñol, Spain where participants throw tomatoes at each other. It is said to be the biggest food fight in the world.[1][2] From the festival's origin as a food fight between friends in the 1940s, it has become a famous tourist attraction. Previous to 2013, the festival did not operate with an upper cap on the number of attendees which would cause a strain on Buñol's population of about 9,000 inhabitants. Since 2013, however, the festival has a ticketed event with a capacity of 20,000 participants.[3]


La Tomatina 25 August 2010
Tomato battle at Tomatina in 2006.

La Tomatina Festival started the last Wednesday of August in 1945 when some young people spent time in the town square to attend the Giants and Big-Heads figures parade. One participant's Big-head fell off, as a result of the festivities. The participant flew into a fit of rage, and began hitting everything in their path. There was a market stall of vegetables that fell victim to the fury of the crowd, as people started to pelt each other with tomatoes until the local forces ended the fruit battle.

The following year, some young people engaged in a pre-planned quarrel and brought their own tomatoes from home. Although the local forces broke it up, this began the yearly tradition. In the following years, the boys' example was followed by thousands of people.

La Tomatina was banned in the early 1950s by Francisco Franco due to the festival's lack of religious importance, however, this did not stop the participants, who were arrested. The people protested the prohibition and the festival was again allowed with more participants. The festivity was again canceled until 1957 when, as a sign of protest, a tomato funeral was held: a demonstration in which the residents carried a coffin with a huge tomato inside. The parade was accompanied by a music band that played funeral marches. The protest was successful, and La Tomatina Festival was finally permitted and became an official festival.[4]

As a result of the report of Javier Basilio, a broadcaster from the Spanish television program called Informe Semanal, the festival started to be known throughout the rest of Spain. Since then, the number of participants increased year after year as well as the excitement about La Tomatina Festival. In 2002, La Tomatina of Buñol was declared a Fiesta of International Tourist Interest by the Secretary Department of Tourism due to its popularity.[5]

The 2020 event, which was to be its 75th anniversary, was cancelled in April 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain. It had only been cancelled once before, in 1957, for political reasons.[6] Due to COVID-19, the 2021 event was also cancelled.[7]


Preparing the "Palo Jabón"

Events during the days before the fight include a paella contest near the town’s square, tomato fireworks, and different music bands and parades around the medieval city center. On Wednesday morning, the first event before the tomato battle is the “Palo Jabón”, centered on a long greased pole with a piece of ham at its top. The goal is for participants to climb the pole and make the ham drop, which requires them to climb on each other. During this effort, other celebrants sing and dance in circles, and all participants are doused with water from hoses. Once the ham falls, the tomato battle commences.[8]

Usually, the fight lasts for about one hour, after which the town square is covered with tomato debris.[9] Fire trucks then hose down the streets and participants often use hoses that locals provide to remove the tomatoes from their bodies. Some participants go to the Los Peñones pool to wash. The citric acid in the tomatoes leads to the washed surfaces in the town becoming very clean.[10][11]

Since 2002 participation in the event has been restricted to the 20,000 holders of paid tickets. In 2015, it was estimated that almost 145,000 kg (320,000 lb) of tomatoes were thrown.[10]

The city council prescribes a short list of instructions for the safety of the participants and the festival:[12]

  1. Do not throw anything but tomatoes
  2. Do not tear clothes
  3. Squash tomatoes before throwing them to avoid hurting others
  4. Keep a safe distance from trucks
  5. Stop throwing tomatoes after the second starter pistol shot
  6. Follow the directions of security staff
  7. Only throw tomatoes at targets you can see, to avoid hurting others
  8. Do not throw tomatoes directly at buildings
  9. Have a great, fun time!

In other countries[edit]

Throwing tomatoes from a truck

La Tomatina Buñol has inspired similar celebrations in other parts of the world:

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

Similar festivals

Events in Spain


  1. ^ Magazine, Smithsonian; Geiling, Natasha. "Photos from La Tomatina, the World's Biggest Food Fight". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  2. ^ Fine, Camille. "'World's largest food fight': Best photos from 'Tomatina' tomato street fight in Spain". USA TODAY. Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  3. ^ "La Tomatina - The World's biggest and most famous food fight". Retrieved 7 April 2024.
  4. ^ Barr, Sabrina (28 August 2019). "What is La Tomatina, how did it begin and where does it take place?". The Independent. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  5. ^ Studio, Socarrat. "La Tomatina – Página oficial". (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 20 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
  6. ^ Donaldson, Emma (13 July 2020). "La Tomatina Festival 2020 cancelled due to COVID-19". idealista. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Buñol suspende La Tomatina 2021 (Buñol suspends La Tomatina 2021)". (in Spanish). Ayuntamiento de Bunyol (Bunyol Town Hall). 11 March 2021. Archived from the original on 16 June 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  8. ^ (14 September 2022). "La Tomatina". Spanish Fiesta.
  9. ^ Mullins, Deirdre (26 June 2009). "La Tomatina". RTÉ News. RTE.
  10. ^ a b Harris, Jenn (28 August 2013). "La Tomatina festival: 20,000 people, 130 tons of tomatoes, 1 big mess". The Los Angeles Times.
  11. ^ "La Tomatina". The Taste of Spain. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  12. ^ "The Rules of Tomatina Festival". Tomatina. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  13. ^ a b Galván, Javier A. (19 June 2014). They Do What? A Cultural Encyclopedia of Extraordinary and Exotic Customs from around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia of Extraordinary and Exotic Customs from around the World. ABC-CLIO. pp. 309–. ISBN 978-1-61069-342-4.
  14. ^ a b "La Tomatina Tomato Festival Inspires Tomato Battle In USA". Odd Culture. 10 August 2011. Archived from the original on 23 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  15. ^ "Bangalore's Tomatina festival cancelled". NDTV 24x7. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  16. ^ "Splash of La Tomatina adds to park revelry - Funmakers get drenched in tomatoes instead of gulal ahead of festival". Calcutta Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 April 2013.
  17. ^ "Abhay Deol goes topless!". Hindustan Times. 31 May 2011. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  18. ^ "Check out: Hrithik, Katrina, Farhan & Abhay shooting for Tomatina fest in Spain". Bollywood Hungama. 19 March 2011. Archived from the original on 28 August 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  19. ^ On location: ‘Walking on Sunshine’, Joanne O'Connor, 27 June 2014, Financial Times
  20. ^ "Al Rojo Vivo | A Mickey Mouse Cartoon | Disney Shorts". Youtube. Retrieved 18 June 2020.

External links[edit]

39°25′10″N 0°47′26″W / 39.41944°N 0.79056°W / 39.41944; -0.79056