Tomb of the General
The Tomb of the General (Traditional Chinese: 將軍冢, Simplified Chinese: 将军冢, Chinese: Jiangjun-zhong, Korean: Janggun-chong, Hangul: 장군총), also known as the Pyramid of the East, is thought to be the burial tomb of King Gwanggaeto or his son King Jangsu, both kings of a kingdom of Goguryeo.
The base of the pyramid measures approximately 75 meters on each side, about half the size of the Egyptian pyramids and is eleven meters in height. The pyramid is composed of 1,100 dressed stone blocks. Large stones, each measure approximately 3 × 5 meters were placed around the base of the pyramid and can still be seen today. The monumental size of the tomb suggests that the Goguryeo elite were very powerful and the kingdom had the ability to mobilize large numbers of people for building projects.
The pyramid-style tomb was typical of Goguryeo culture and was transmitted to the kingdom of Baekje's burial practices. The body of the dead elite was placed on a "stone base, surrounded by stones, and then surmounted by a rectangular platform or pyramid of dressed stones." The design of the tombs incorporated entrances and passageways which facilitated grave robbery so, like most Goguryeo and Baekje tombs, the General's Tomb contains no archaeological artifacts. Four dolmen tombs were also placed on each corner of the pyramid.
- Nelson, Sarah Milledge (1993). The Archaeology of Korea. Cambridge University Press. p. 213. ISBN 0521407834. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- Pratt, Keith; Rutt, Richard (1999). Korea: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary. Routledge. p. 473–74. ISBN 0700704639. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- Portal, Jane (2005). Art Under Control in North Korea. Reaktion Books. p. 106. ISBN 1861892365.
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