Tombos (Nubia)

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Tombos is an archaeological site in northern Sudan. The village is located at the third cataract of the Nile, not far from Kerma near the present Karmah. An important granite quarry was located here in the Pharaonic era. Its stone was used mostly to build statues and buildings between the river delta and the southern regions of the kingdom. A statue to the 25th Dynasty Pharaoh Taharqa, abandoned for over 2700 years, contains inscriptions. Around 3000 years ago, there were pyramids dedicated to ten noble Egyptians.

In 2000, several discoveries were made by archaeologist Professor Stuart Tyson Smith of the University of California, Santa Barbara. Smith and his team discovered the remains of a pyramid more than 3,500 years old, and the buried remains of an Egyptian colonial administrator named Siamun and his mother, Wernu. The two mummies were intact, and were buried with Ushabti figurines, a boomerang, and painted Mycenaean terracotta.[1] The burial chamber includes a series of rooms, some plundered by thieves, while others were undisturbed in whole or in part. Also, an epigraphic survey by the British Museum uncovered pharaonic rock-inscriptions.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tombos Excavation". University of California, Santa Barbara. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Davies, W. V. "Tombos and the Viceroy Inebny/Amenemnakhu". British Museum. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • "Siti del Nuovo Regno e Kushiti nella regione della terza cateratta, Nubia sudanese", Edwards, D. & Ali Osman. 2001
  • “Tombos and the Transition from the New Kingdom to the Napatan Period in UpperNubia,” 2006, Plenary Session, The 11th Conference of Nubian Studies, Warsaw University - Poland
  • “Colonial Entanglements: The UCSB Excavations at Tombos and the Third IntermediatePeriod in Upper Nubia” 2005, American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE), Boston

Coordinates: 19°25′N 30°14′E / 19.42°N 30.23°E / 19.42; 30.23