Tomboy (2011 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Céline Sciamma|
|Produced by||Bénédicte Couvreur|
|Screenplay by||Céline Sciamma|
|Music by||Para One|
|Edited by||Julien Lacheray|
Hold Up Films
arte France Cinéma
|Distributed by||Pyramide Distribution|
|Box office||$4.3 million|
Tomboy is a 2011 French drama film written and directed by Céline Sciamma. The story follows a 10-year-old tomboy, Laure, who moves during the summer holiday with her family to a new neighborhood. At that time of life, when everything is still open, she experiments with her gender identity. The film opened to positive reviews, with critics praising the directing and the performers, particularly Zoé Héran as the lead.
The film explores a theme of ambiguous gender. Writer/director Céline Sciamma said, "The movie is ambiguous about Mikael's feelings for Lisa. It plays with the confusion. I wanted it to be that way."
Laure is a 10-year-old girl whose family moves to a new address in Paris. One day Laure sees a group of boys playing outside the window and goes to play with them, but they disappear quickly. Instead, Laure meets Lisa, a neighborhood girl. Lisa assumes that Laure is a boy and asks for his name. After a moment's thought Laure introduces herself as Mikäel. Lisa then introduces Mikäel to the rest of the neighborhood children stating that "he" is the new kid in the apartment complex. A bath scene in the film reveals that Mikäel has a vulva, and a following scene confirms that her mother addresses her and her sister as "girls." Mikäel becomes friends with Lisa and the boys and tries to hide her genitalia to appear like a boy (make it seem that she has a penis). At one point this leads Mikäel to pee her pants, which originally makes her embarrassed, but is soon forgotten. As they all play, Lisa and Mikäel develop crushes on each other and after swimming one day, Lisa kisses her. At this point, Mikäel also seems to be accepted into the group of boys.
One day, when Lisa comes by the apartment to look for Mikäel she runs into Mikäel's younger five-year-old sister, Jeanne instead, thereby revealing to Jeanne how Mikäel is presenting herself to her friends as a boy. At first Jeanne is upset, but when Mikäel promises to take her with her on all her outings for the rest of the summer she quickly becomes happy to have a "big brother" which she says is "way better" than having a big sister. She also helps Mikäel cut her hair and keeps her secret from their parents. Although her mom is supportive of Mikäel being tomboy (for example, by painting her room blue), she also seems to want her to display more culturally-defined "female" behaviors (for example, being thrilled when one day, while playing, Lisa puts makeup on Mikäel's face).
Then, after a fight with one of the boys, the boy and his mother come to Mikäel's door to get her in trouble. Mikäel's mother pretends to know that Mikäel is her "son", but afterwards she gets angry with her for telling everyone that she was a boy. After this incident, Mikäel's mother forces her to wear a blue girl's dress and makes her go over to the apartment of the boy she hit. Jeanne is visibly upset by this and tries to help Mikäel. Mikäel's mother is also clearly upset and sad about the situation. She confesses to Mikäel that she is forcing her to reveal that she is a girl to protect him. Mikäel's mom also makes her go to Lisa's apartment. When Lisa sees Mikäel in a dress, she runs off without a word.
Mikäel also runs away to the woods. After a time alone, she takes off the blue dress, leaving her in a boyish tanktop. Walking away from the discarded dress, Mikäel sees the other children in the distance. She can hear them talking about him and speculating if she is really a girl. When they spot her, they chase her and surround him saying they're going to see if she's really a girl. Lisa stands up to them and tells them to leave her alone. Once she is called disgusting for kissing a girl, however, Lisa reluctantly "checks" and confirms Mikäel's genitalia. They leave Mikäel alone in the woods in despair.
Later, we see Mikäel in her house with her mom, younger sister and new-born baby brother, not wanting to go outside. But, when she sees Lisa standing waiting outside her window she goes out to meet her. She asks her quietly what her name is. She says she is called Laure. She starts to smile. This final scene suggests hope for at least a friendship between her and Lisa.
- Zoé Héran as Laure/Mickäel
- Malonn Lévana as Jeanne, Laure/Mickäel's sister
- Sophie Cattani as Laure/Mickäel's mother
- Mathieu Demy as Laure/Mickäel's father
- Jeanne Disson as Lisa
Tomboy earned very positive reviews. Earning 97% certified fresh on Rotten Tomatoes with a consensus saying, "In tune with the emotion and tribulations of childhood, Tomboy is a charming movie that treats its main subject with warmth and heart." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave 3.5 out of 4 stars, commenting that Tomboy is "tender and affectionate". IndieWire called it the third best Lesbian movie of all time. Autostraddle called it "excellent."
- Jury Award at the 2011 Teddy Awards, given for the best film with LGBT themes at the Berlin film festival.
- Golden Duke, the main prize of the official competition of the 2011 Odessa International Film Festival.
- Audience Award at the 2011 San Francisco Frameline Gay & Lesbian Film Festival.
- Best Feature Film at the 2011 Philadelphia QFest Lesbian and Gay Film Festival.
- Competition at the 2011 Torino Lesbian and Gay Film Festival.
- Nominated for the GLAAD Media Award as Outstanding Film — Limited Release.
- Héran won the Jury Award for Best Performance at the 2011 NewFest Film Festival.
- Héran was nominated for the Young Artist Award as Best Leading Young Performer in an International Feature Film.
- Prix Jacques Prévert du Scénario for Best Original Screenplay in 2012
- "TOMBOY (U)". British Board of Film Classification. 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- Smith, Ian Hayden (2012). International Film Guide 2012. p. 120. ISBN 978-1908215017.
- "What's Real and What's Not, Interview with Director Céline Sciamma". Popmatters. 15 November 2011.
- Dargis, Manohla (15 November 2011). "Movie Review — Tomboy". New York Times.
- Trish Bendix (16 November 2011). "Céline Sciamma talks "Tomboy," "Water Lilies" and why LGBT film festivals are still necessary". AFTERELTON.COM. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- "LA Film Fest: Film Guide 2011" (PDF). Los Angeles Times. 12 June 2011.
- Céline Sciamma talks "Tomboy," "Water Lilies" and why LGBT film festivals are still necessary at AfterEllen
- Lisa uses the French pronoun that suggests she expects to hear a male name.
- Dry, Jude. "The 15 Best Lesbian Movies of All Time, Ranked | IndieWire | Page 3". www.indiewire.com. Retrieved 2017-07-04.
- "Now, An Updated Edition Of The 102 Best Lesbian Movies Of All Time". Autostraddle. 2017-02-14. Retrieved 2017-07-04.
- "33rd Annual Young Artist Awards". YoungArtistAwards.org. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- Tomboy on IMDb
- Tomboy at AllMovie
- Tomboy at Box Office Mojo
- Tomboy at Metacritic
- Tomboy at Rotten Tomatoes
- Tomboy film trailer at Rocket Releasing