Tomchei Tmimim

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Tomchei Temimim dinner, 1943; Left to right: Rabbis Shemaryahu Gurary, Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, and Menachem Mendel Schneerson
Rabbi Yisroel Yitzchok Piekarski, Senior Rosh Yeshiva for 42 years
United Lubavitcher Yeshivoth
Zal, Toras Emes
Lubavitch Yeshiva of Oak Park, Michigan
Tomchei Temimim Lod
Yeshivah in the former Ghetto in Venice

Tomchei Tmimim (Hebrew: תומכי תמימים, "supporters of the complete-wholesome ones") is the central Yeshiva (Talmudical academy) of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement. Founded in 1897 in the town of Lubavitch by Rabbi Sholom Dovber Schneersohn, it is now an international network of institutions of advanced Torah study,[1] the United Lubavitcher Yeshivoth.

History[edit]

As above, Tomechei Tmimim was founded in 1897 in Lubavitch, by Rabbi Sholom DovBer Schneersohn for the study of Hasidic philosophy according to the Chabad tradition, in parallel with the traditional Yeshiva curriculum. Here, Rabbi Schneersohn authored Kuntres Eitz HaChayim, guidelines and standards for a student's learning goals and schedule, personal conduct, prayer, and appearance. Correspondingly, he called the students of this yeshiva "tmimim" (sing. "tomim" תמים = pure, perfect[2]).

When Rabbi Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn left the Soviet Union in 1927, the yeshiva reestablished itself in Warsaw and later in Otwock, Poland. In the course of World War II, the yeshiva escaped to Shanghai, China, along with some other yeshivot like Mir.

Once the Rebbe was safely evacuated to New York, the Yeshiva was reestablished in New York City, where it remains to this day.[citation needed] Within 24 hours[citation needed] the Rebbe had opened a yeshiva branch. Starting with 10 students, the Yeshiva quickly grew to the extent that it expanded to other nearby locations, giving rise to the group known as "United Lubavitcher Yeshivas"; see next section. Rabbi Yisroel Yitzchok Piekarski was the Rosh Yeshiva for 42 years, from 1951 until 1993.[3][4]

Today[edit]

The central Yeshiva is housed today at the Chabad Lubavitch World Headquarters, at 770 Eastern Parkway in Brooklyn, NY, with approximately six hundred students. Similarly named yeshivas, many of which are nevertheless formally independent, are to be found in major cities in the United States, Canada, Europe, South America, South Africa, Australia, and the former Soviet Union, and Israel. (Not all carry the name "Tomchei Tmimim" however.[5])

Many of the branches also perform the functions necessary to grant Semicha, rabbinical ordination, to their students; [6] [7] true since the 1950's for the majority of students. Some affiliated institutions [8] specifically focus on Rabbinical training, with the Semicha correspondingly requiring further depth and breadth.

A significant number of graduates of Tomchei Tmimim continue working within Chabad as religious functionaries, whether as shluchim in Chabad Houses or as teachers in schools.[citation needed] Graduates - usually of the latter institutions mentioned - also often work as "community Rabbis" more broadly.[8]

Global locations[edit]

In North America[edit]

In Israel[edit]

  • Yeshivat Tomchei Tmimim HaMerkazit (Central Tomchei Temimim Yeshiva), Kfar Chabad
  • Yeshivat Tomchei Tmimim Lubavitch Rishon LeZion (Ketana), Rishon Lezion
  • Yeshivat Tomchei Tmimim Lubavitch Rishon LeZion (Gedola), Rishon LeZion
  • Yeshivat Tomchei Tmimim Lubavitch Nachlat Har Chabad, Kiryat Malachi
  • Yeshiva Tomchei Tmimim, Lod
  • Yeshivat Ohr Tmimim, Kfar Chabad
  • Yeshivas Tzeirei Hashluchim, Safed
  • Yeshivas Chasidei Chabad Beis Levi Yitzchak, Safed
  • Ohr Simcha, Kfar Chabad
  • Beis Sefer Lemelacha, Kfar Chabad
  • Tomchei Tmimim Kiryat Gat, Kiryat Gat
  • Yeshivas Toras Emes, Jerusalem (founded in 1911, also by Rabbi Sholom Dovber Schneersohn, and originally based in Hebron)
  • Yeshivat NachlatHar Chabad Beit Haram, Kiryat Malachi
  • Yeshivat Tomchei Tmimim Migdal HaEmek, Migdal HaEmek
  • Yeshivas Tomchei Tmimim, Or Yehuda
  • Yeshivas Tomchei Tmimim, El'ad
  • Yeshivas Tomchei Tmimimm, Beersheba
  • Yeshivas Ohel Menachem, Beit Shemesh
  • Yeshivas Tomchei Tmimim, Beitar Illit
  • Yeshivas Tomchei Tmimim-Beis Menachem, Bnei Brak

In other locations[edit]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Translator's Introduction". Archived from the original on September 10, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
  2. ^ "Daily Study: Hayom Yom". www.chabad.org.
  3. ^ Piekarski, Simcha. "Summer Camp for Life". Chabad.org. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  4. ^ Piekarski, Simchah (November 28, 2019). "The Rebbe's Visit to Camp Gan Israel". Colllive.com. Retrieved November 2, 2020.
  5. ^ See for example, the comment reported here.
  6. ^ שיחת יום ג' פ' וארא, כ"ד טבת, ה'תשי"ב ;§ כג
  7. ^ שיחת יום א' פ' פינחס, י"ג תמוז, ה'תשי"ב;§ כ-כד
  8. ^ a b List of Approved Yeshivot, Rabbinical Council of America
  9. ^ "United Lubavitcher Yeshivoth - Brooklyn, NY".
  10. ^ "yeshiva Lubavitch london chabad". yeshivalondon.
  11. ^ "Главная". www.yeshiva.lubavitch.ru.
  12. ^ Chabad of Venice, jewishvenice.org