Tomin First no Kai
|Founded||23 January 2017|
|Headquarters||Toshima ward, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan|
|Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly|
53 / 127
The group was founded by Yuriko Koike, governor of Tokyo since 2016. While still a member of the Liberal Democratic Party, Koike began laying the groundwork for a new political party in late 2016, when she established the Kibo no Juku ("Academy of Hope") program to train potential political candidates. The program had thousands of applicants.
On 31 May 2017, in advance of the upcoming local elections, she resigned from the LDP, officially becoming the new party's leader and forming an alliance with Komeito in an effort to secure a governing majority in Tokyo's parliament. On 3 July 2017, the alliance took a majority in the prefectural election, pushing out the Liberal Democratic Party with a combined 79 seats of the 127-seat assembly. All but one of Tomin First's candidates were victorious; senior LDP lawmaker Shigeru Ishiba called the election a "historic defeat" for the LDP.
Koike stepped down as party head shortly after the election and was replaced by Kazusa Noda; Noda himself resigned in September 2017 and was replaced by Chiharu Araki. Two key party members, Shun Otokita and Reiko Ueda, stepped down in October, citing the closed nature of the party's leadership and its restrictions on their activities in the metropolitan assembly.
The party platform for the 2017 Tokyo election advocated open government, proper use of public funds, and stricter penalties for public smoking. However, the party indicated relatively vague policy objectives in advance of the election, and many voted for the party simply in order to prevent the LDP from taking control of the legislature in the wake of its recent scandals.
|No.||Name||Term of office||National affiliation|
|Took Office||Left Office|
|1||Kazusa Noda||23 January 2017||1 June 2017|
|2||Yuriko Koike||1 June 2017||3 July 2017|
|3||Kazusa Noda||3 July 2017||10 September 2017|
|4||Chiharu Araki||10 September 2017||Incumbent|
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- Kawashima, Shin (28 July 2017). "The Enigma of Japanese Politics". The Diplomat. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "Tokyo Gov. Koike's political school gearing up, raising possibility of new party". Mainichi Daily News. 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- "Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike quits LDP to lead own party to polls". The Straits Times. 2017-06-02. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
- "Koike camp gets majority". The Japan News. Archived from the original on 2017-07-05. Retrieved 2017-07-05.
- "A local election in Tokyo may have just changed Japanese politics". Los Angeles Times. 2017-07-02. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- Yoshida, Reiji (2017-10-04). "Two Tomin First members quit over Yuriko Koike's leadership style". The Japan Times Online. ISSN 0447-5763. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- "Japan's Most Popular Politician Defects From Ruling Party". Bloomberg.com. 2017-06-01. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- Aoki, Mizuho; Kikuchi, Daisuke; Kobayashi, Kakumi (2017-07-02). "Despite vague platform, Tomin First outshining status quo in Tokyo". The Japan Times Online. ISSN 0447-5763. Retrieved 2017-10-09.
- "Tokyo Metropolis residents first group" Official website (in Japanese)
- "Hope Institute" Official website (in Japanese)
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