Tomini–Tolitoli languages

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Tomini–Tolitoli
Geographic
distribution
Sulawesi
Linguistic classification Austronesian
Subdivisions
Glottolog tomi1241[1]

The Tomini–Tolitoli languages are a proposed group of languages spoken off the Gulf of Tomini and the district of Tolitoli in northern Central Sulawesi province, Indonesia. It has not yet been demonstrated that the two branches are closer to each other than to other languages of Sulawesi, but this is widely expected to be the case.

Languages[edit]

The following tentative classification of the Tomini–Tolitoli languages is from Himmelmann (2001:20).

Totoli and Boano are closely related to each other but diverge very much from the other languages in terms of lexicon, phonology, and other areas. These two languages may have been influenced by the Gorontalic languages and also more recently by South Sulawesi languages such as Bugis and Makassar (Himmelmann 2001:20).

Demographics[edit]

The demographics below are from Himmelmann (2001:18).

West Coast
  • Balaesang: 3,200
  • Pendau (Ndau): 3,200
  • Dampelas (Dampal): 10,300
  • Dondo: 13,000
  • Totoli (Tolitoli): 25,000
East Coast
  • Taje (Petapa): 350
  • Ampibabo-Lauje: 6,000
  • Tajio (Kasimbar): 12,000
  • Lauje (Tinombo): 38,000
  • Tialo (Tomini): 30,000
  • Boano (Bolano): 2,700
Total
145,000

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tomini–Tolitoli". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

References[edit]

  • Nikolaus Himmelmann (2001), Sourcebook on Tomini–Tolitoli languages. Celebes.