Tomka gas test site

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German staff at Tomka chemical weapons facility, 1928

Tomka gas test site (German: Gas-Testgelände Tomka) was secret chemical weapons testing facility near place codenamed Volsk-18 (20 km off Volsk), now Shikhany[1], Saratov Oblast, Russia created within the framework of German-Soviet military cooperation to circumvent the demilitarization provisions of the post-World War I Treaty of Versailles. It was co-directed by Yakov Fishman [ru] (начальник воен­но-химического управления Красной Армии), and German chemists Alexander von Grundherr and Ludwig von Sicherer. [2] [3] [4] It operated (according to an agreement undersigned by fictitious joint stock companies) during 1926-1933.[5]

Another chemical site was established by the settlement of Ukhtomsky, Moscow Region.[6] [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Note: Shikhany still has a chemical testing ground (Шиханский полигон)
  2. ^ a b Sally W. Stoecker, Forging Stalin's Army: Marshal Tukhachevsky And The Politics Of Military Innovation , Routledge, 2018, ISBN 0429980027, pp.137-150
  3. ^ Es riecht nach Senf!, Henning Sietz, Die Zeit, Nr. 26, 2006
  4. ^ Weapons of Mass Destruction: Nuclear weapons, Volume 2 of Weapons of Mass Destruction: An Encyclopedia of Worldwide Policy, Technology, and History, James J. Wirtz, 2005, ISBN 1851094903 p. 257, citing N. S. Antonov
  5. ^ Николай Антонов (N.S. ANTONOV), ХИМИЧЕСКОЕ ОРУЖИЕ НА РУБЕЖЕ ДВУХ СТОЛЕТИЙ (CHEMICAL WEAPONS AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY), Moscow, Progress Publishers, 1994, Section Становление исследовательских центров (in Russian)
  6. ^ Note: Now Ukhtomsky is part of Kosino-Ukhtomsky District of Moscow, see ru:Ухтомская (платформа) for more detail