Tommy Steele performing in Stockholm in 1957
|Birth name||Thomas Hicks|
17 December 1936 |
Bermondsey, London, England
|Genres||Rock and roll, skiffle|
|Labels||Decca, Columbia, RCA Victor|
|Associated acts||The Steelmen|
Tommy Steele, OBE (born Thomas Hicks, 17 December 1936) is an English entertainer, regarded as Britain's first teen idol and rock and roll star. He reached number one with "Singing the Blues" in 1957, and The Tommy Steele Story was the first album by a UK act to reach number one.
Steele's film credits include Half a Sixpence, The Happiest Millionaire and Finian's Rainbow, and he has made many stage tours in the UK. He is also a songwriter, author and sculptor. His claim to have shown Elvis Presley around London has been challenged by more than one source.
In 2012, Steele was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of the last six decades.
Steele worked in various jobs, including a brief period as a merchant seaman. He was not eligible for national service because, at eighteen years old, he was diagnosed with cardiomyopathy. In his autobiography, Bermondsey Boy: Memories of a Forgotten World, he reports that he failed the medical because he had flat feet. Whenever not working, he played guitar and banjo and sang in two coffee houses in Soho, the 2i's Coffee Bar and the Cat's Whisker, both as a solo performer and with Wally Whyton's Vipers Skiffle Group.
When a ship Steele was serving on docked in Norfolk, Virginia, USA, he heard Buddy Holly and fell in love with rock and roll, turning his back on the British skiffle craze. He was discovered by freelance photographer John Kennedy, who believed Steele could be Britain's answer to Elvis Presley. Later co-manager Larry Parnes was incorrectly credited with creating the stage name 'Tommy Steele'. It was Steele who adapted the surname of his Scandinavian paternal grandfather, Thomas Stil-Hicks (pronounced Steel-Hicks), adding another E to the spelling.
Steele became famous in the UK as the frontman for a rock and roll band, the Steelmen, after their first single, "Rock With the Caveman", reached number 13 in the UK Singles Chart in 1956. Steele and other British singers would pick known hit records from the United States, record their cover versions of these songs, and release them in the UK before the American versions could enter the charts. Most of Steele's 1950s recordings were covers of American hits, such as "Singing the Blues" and "Knee Deep in the Blues". Although Steele never proved a serious threat to Presley's popularity in the UK, he did well on the 1950s UK chart and "Singing the Blues" got to Number 1 in the UK before Presley did so. Guy Mitchell was number 1 with "Singing the Blues" on 4 January 1957 and Tommy Steele on 11 January 1957. Steele's 1957 album, The Tommy Steele Story, was the first by a UK-based act to reach No. 1 in the UK.
Only four months after his first chart presence, he was filming his life story. To do so, Steele and his songwriting collaborators, Lionel Bart and Mike Pratt, wrote twelve songs in seven days. His first three single releases were issued at a rate of one every three weeks. In 1957 Steele bought a four-bedroomed house in South London for his parents. In August 1959, Steele undertook a three-day concert visit to Moscow.
In late 2009 his greatest hits collection, The Very Best of Tommy Steele, reached the Top 40 in the UK Albums Chart. This was the first UK chart entry, of any kind, that Steele had enjoyed for over 46 years.
The increase in home-grown musical talent during the 1950s and 60s allowed Steele to progress to a career in stage and film musicals, leaving behind his pop idol identity. In 1957 he was voted the seventh most popular actor at the British box office.
In 1960, a tour of Australia had not been particularly successful and on his return to England he received two offers, one to star in the play Billy Liar, the other to join the Old Vic Company. He chose the latter.
In the West End he appeared in She Stoops to Conquer, and played the title role of Hans Christian Andersen. On film, he recreated his London and Broadway stage role in Half a Sixpence, and played character roles in The Happiest Millionaire and Finian's Rainbow, although many critics[who?] found his personality to be somewhat overwhelming on screen. In this latter film, probably his best known appearance in the films, he played Og, the leprechaun turning human, and co-starred with Petula Clark and Fred Astaire. In 1968 British exhibitors voted him the fourth most popular star at the local box office.
In 1983, Steele directed and starred in the West End stage production of Singin' in the Rain at the London Palladium. In 1991 he toured with Some Like It Hot the stage version of the Jack Lemmon/Tony Curtis/Marilyn Monroe film. In 2003, after a decade-long hiatus, save his one-man shows An Evening With Tommy Steele and What A Show!, he toured as Ebenezer Scrooge in a production of Scrooge: The Musical, an adaptation of Scrooge. Following this return, he reprised his role at the Palace Theatre, Manchester over Christmas 2004, and brought the production to the London Palladium for Christmas 2005. In 2008, at the age of 71, Steele toured in the lead role of the stage musical Doctor Dolittle, and has reprised his role as Scrooge every Christmas season since 2009.
Steele is a respected sculptor and three of his major works have been on public display: Bermondsey Boy at the Rotherhithe Town Hall in London (stolen in 1998, current whereabouts unknown), and Eleanor Rigby which he sculpted and donated to the City of Liverpool as a tribute to the Beatles. The statue stands in Stanley Street, Liverpool, not far from the Cavern Club. Steele has another sculpture featuring two rugby players on display at Twickenham Stadium. He is also an artist of some note and has exhibited at the Royal Academy. When he lived in Petersham, Surrey, (opposite The Dysart Arms), outside his front door stood a life-style sculpture of Charlie Chaplin as "The Tramp".
Personal life and other talents
Steele was born in Bermondsey, London. Father was Thomas Walter Hicks, and mother was Elizabeth Ellen Bennett. They married in 1933, in Bermondsey. He and [Winifred] Ann Donoughue married at St. Patrick's Church, Soho Square, London, in spring 1960. They have one daughter, Emma Elizabeth (1969).
He also wrote a children's novel, entitled Quincy, about a reject toy trying to save himself and his fellow rejects in the basement of a toy store from the furnace the day after Christmas. This was turned into the television film, Quincy's Quest, in 1979, in which Steele played Quincy and Mel Martin played Quincy's girlfriend doll, Rebecca.
Claimed meeting with Elvis Presley in Britain
For many years it was thought that Elvis Presley had never set foot in Britain, apart from spending a few minutes on the tarmac at Prestwick Airport in Scotland where his military plane, en route to the United States after completing his army service in West Germany, stopped to refuel. However, on 21 April 2008, in a BBC Radio 2 interview with theatre impresario Bill Kenwright, it was claimed that Presley, then 23, had visited Britain for a day, after a phone conversation with Steele in London in 1958.
According to Kenwright: "Elvis flew in for a day and Tommy showed him round London. He showed him the Houses of Parliament and spent the day with him". Kenwright admitted in 2008 that he was not sure whether he should have told the story. Steele said: "It was two young men sharing the same love of their music. I swore never to divulge publicly what took place and I regret that it has found some way of getting into the light. I only hope he can forgive me."
Press officers employed by Stagecoach, the company that owns Prestwick Airport, rapidly issued a statement requesting proof, photographic or otherwise, of the said meeting. Until such proof is provided, they will continue to describe their property, Prestwick Airport, as being the only place in Britain where Elvis Presley ever set foot and will not be removing the marker, photographs and special lounge at their airport which relate to their claim.
With the Steelmen
- "Rock With the Caveman" / "Rock Around the Town" – UK No. 13 (Decca 1956)
- "Doomsday Rock" / "Elevator Rock" – (Decca 1956)
- "Singing the Blues" / "Rebel Rock" – UK No. 1 (Decca 1956)
- "Knee Deep in the Blues" / "Teenage Party" – UK No. 15 (Decca 1957)
- "Butterfingers" / "Cannibal Pot" – UK No. 8 (Decca 1957)
- "Water, Water" / "A Handful of Songs" – UK No. 5 (Decca 1957) with lyrics partially based on The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
- "Shiralee" / "Grandad's Rock" – UK No. 11 (Decca 1957)
- "Hey You!" / "Plant a Kiss" – UK No. 28 (Decca 1957)
- "Happy Guitar" / "Princess" – UK No. 20 (Decca 1958)
- "Nairobi" / "Neon Sign" – UK No. 3 (Decca 1958)
- "The Only Man on the Island" / "I Puts the Lightie On" – UK No. 16 (Decca 1958)
- "It's All Happening" / "What Do You Do?" – (Decca 1958 )
- "Come On, Let's Go" / "Put a Ring on Her Finger" – UK No. 10 (Decca 1958)
- "A Lovely Night" / "Marriage Type Love" – (Decca 1958)
- "Hiawatha" / "The Trial" – (Decca 1959)
- "Tallahassee Lassie" / "Give! Give! Give!" – UK No. 16 (Decca 1959)
- "Give! Give! Give!" – UK No. 28 (Decca 1959)
- "You Were Mine" / "Young Ideas" – (Decca 1959)
- "Little White Bull" / "Singing Time" – UK No. 6 (Decca 1959)
- "What a Mouth (What a North and South)" / "Kookaburra" – UK No. 5 (Decca 1960)
- "Happy Go Lucky Blues" / "Girl with the Long Black Hair" – (Decca 1960)
- "Must Be Santa" / "Boys and Girls" – UK No. 40 (Decca 1960)
- "My Big Best Shoes" / "The Dit Dit Song" – (Decca 1961)
- "The Writing on the Wall" / "Drunken Guitar" – UK No. 30 (Decca 1961)
- "Hit Record" / "What a Little Darling" – (Decca 1962)
- "Where Have All the Flowers Gone?" / "Butter Wouldn't Melt in Your Mouth" – (Decca 1963)
- "He's Got Love" / "Green Eye" – (Decca 1963)
- "Flash Bang Wallop" / "She's Too Far Above Me" – (Decca 1963)
- "Egg and Chips" / "The Dream Maker" – (Columbia 1963)
- "Half a Sixpence" / "If the Rain's Got to Fall" – (RCA 1965)
- "Fortuosity" / "I'm a Brass Band" – (Vista 1967)
- "King's New Clothes" / "Wonderful Copenhagen" – (Pye 1974)
- "Half a Sixpence" / "If the Rain's Got to Fall" – (Safari 1984)
- "Singing the Blues" / "Come On, Let's Go" – (Old Gold 1985)
- Tommy Steele Stage Show – UK No. 5 (Decca 1957)
- The Tommy Steele Story – UK No. 1 (Decca 1957)
- The Duke Wore Jeans (Soundtrack) – UK No. 1 (Decca 1958)
- Tommy Steele Everything's Coming Up BROADWAY – (Liberty 1965)
- My Life, My Song – (Pye 1974)
- Hans Andersen – Original London Cast 1974 (Pye 1974)
- Hans Andersen – Revival London Cast 1977 (Pye 1977)
- Singin' in the Rain – Original London Cast 1984 (Cast Masters 1995)
- Some Like It Hot – Original London Cast (First Night Records 1996)
- Scrooge: The Musical – Original London Cast (BK Records)
- Half a Sixpence – Original London Cast 1963 (Must Close Saturday 2006)
- Cinderella – Original London Cast 1958 (Hallmark 2011)
- Kill Me Tomorrow (1957)
- The Tommy Steele Story (1957)
- The Duke Wore Jeans (1957)
- Tommy the Toreador (1959)
- Light Up the Sky! (1960) known as Skywatch in the US
- It's All Happening (1963) known as The Dream Maker in the US
- Half a Sixpence (1967)
- The Happiest Millionaire (1967)
- Finian's Rainbow (1968)
- Twelfth Night (1969) (made for TV)
- Where's Jack? (1969)
- The Yeomen of the Guard (1978) (made for TV)
- Quincy's Quest (1979)
- his mother's maiden name
- Roberts 2006
- Tobler 1992, p. 8
- "New faces on Sgt Pepper album cover for artist Peter Blake's 80th birthday". The Guardian. 2016.
- The Herald 2015
- Tommy Steele International Fan Club 2008
- Tobler 1992, p. 38
- Tobler 1992, p. 32
- Tobler 1992, p. 43
- Tobler 1992, p. 71
- Official Charts 2009
- Most Popular Film of the Year. The Times (London, England), Thursday, 12 December 1957; pg. 3; Issue 54022
- "Tommy Steele Off on a Third Career" by Norman Mark Chicago Daily News Service. The Washington Post, 27 February 1968: C6.
- Australian Women's Weekly 1960
- "News in Brief." Times [London, England] 31 December 1968: 2. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 12 July 2012.
- Tobler 1992, p. 225
- The Yeomen of the Guard 1978 on IMDb
- Cavanagh 2007, p. 390
- Cavanagh 1996, pp. 213–214
- British Pathé 1960
- The Scotsman 2006
- "No. 47723". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1978. pp. 9–12.
- Steele 1983
- Steele 1983b
- "Download Lionel Bart Digital Sheet Music and Tabs". free-scores.com.
- Daily Telegraph 2008
- The Sun 2008
- "Welcome to the Elvis Information Network...for the best news, reviews, interviews; articles about the King of Rock&Roll, Elvis Aaron Presley". Elvisinfonet.com. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- Tommy Steele International Fan Club 2007
- Australian Women's Weekly (21 December 1960). "Tommy stoops to conquer". p. 76.
- British Pathé. "Tommy Steele Marries Anne Donague".
- Cavanagh, Terry (1996). Public Sculpture of Liverpool. Public Sculpture of Britain. Liverpool UP. ISBN 978-0853237112.
- Cavanagh, Terry (2007). Public Sculpture of South London. Public Sculpture of Britain. Chicago UP. ISBN 978-1846310751.
- Daily Telegraph, Gary Cleland (23 April 2008). "Did Elvis Presley visit Tommy Steele in London?". Archived from the original on 26 April 2008.
- London Gazette (29 December 1978). "O.B.E." Supplement 47723. p. 12.
- Official Charts (2009). "Tommy Steele". Archived from the original on 3 April 2015.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). Guinness World Records. p. 527. ISBN 978-1904994107.
- Steele, Tommy (1983). The Final Run. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0002227094.
- Steele, Tommy (1983b). Quincy. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0330281263.
- Steele, Tommy (2006). Bermondsey Boy: Memories of a Forgotten World. Michael Joseph. ISBN 978-0718149727.
- The Herald, Brian Beacon (28 August 2015). "Britain's first pop star Tommy Steele on six decades in showbiz". Archived from the original on 27 October 2016.
- The Scotsman (10 September 2006). "Rock on Tommy". Archived from the original on 28 January 2018.
- The Sun (22 April 2008). "Elvis's secret trip to England". Archived from the original on 6 April 2009.
- Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years. Hamlyn. ISBN 978-0600576020.
- Tommy Steele International Fan Club. "Tommy Steele Biography". Archived from the original on 5 September 2008.
- Tommy Steele International Fan Club. "Tommy Steele Discography". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tommy Steele.|
- Tommy Steele on IMDb
- 79777 Tommy Steele at the Internet Broadway Database
- www.45rpm.org.uk (2003). "Tommy Steele". Archived from the original on 2 February 2004.
- BBC (23 January 2004). "The man who brought rock to Britain". Archived from the original on 17 May 2004.
- The Stage, Nick Smurthwaite (7 November 2005). "Scene stealer – Tommy Steele". Archived from the original on 11 November 2011.
- Biography at Rockabilly.nl
- Tommy Steele's appearance on This Is Your Life