Tommy Trinder

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Tommy Trinder

SLNSW 32827 Tommy Trinder at Great Northern.jpg
Trinder in New South Wales, 1954
Born
Thomas Edward Trinder

(1909-03-24)24 March 1909
Streatham, London, England
Died10 July 1989(1989-07-10) (aged 80)
Chertsey, Surrey, England
OccupationComedian

Thomas Edward Trinder CBE (24 March 1909 – 10 July 1989) was an English stage, screen and radio comedian whose catchphrase was "You lucky people!". Described by cultural historian Matthew Sweet as "a cocky, front-of-cloth variety turn", he was one of the United Kingdom's foremost entertainers during the Second World War.[1]

Known for his confident and direct style of comedy, Trinder first found recognition with his music hall revues in the late 1930s. During the war, he worked for ENSA and maintained a successful film career, starring in a string of Ealing Studios films including Sailors Three (1940), Champagne Charlie (1944) and Bitter Springs (1950). During the 1950s, Trinder became a television star, notably as the original host for Sunday Night at the London Palladium (1955-1958). In 1959, he was elected chairman of Fulham Football Club, a position he maintained until 1976. He continued to perform into the 1980s.

Biography[edit]

Early life (1909–1937)[edit]

Tommy Trinder was born at 54 Wellfield Road, Streatham, South London, on 24 March 1909, the son of Thomas Henry Trinder, a London tram driver from Shilton, Oxfordshire, and his wife Jennie Georgina Harriet (née Mills). The family moved to Fulham after Trinder's father was transferred to Hammersmith. As a boy, Trinder would sneak into Fulham Football Club's Craven Cottage ground when the Thames was at low tide to watch the club play.[2]

Trinder left school early for a job as an errand boy. He made his first stage appearance at the age of twelve in a talent competition at Collins Music Hall. Trinder's singing act won the contest and when collecting his award, he was approached by Will Murray who recruited him for his Casey's Court juvenile comedy show. Trinder made his first appearance with the company on 5 June 1921 in Oldham.[3] The company, which also featured Jimmy Wheeler at the time, toured music halls including Sunderland Empire Theatre.[4]

After a few years with Casey's Court, Trinder then joined a dancing act called Phil Rees' Stable Lads. At the age of 14, he performed with them at Folies Bergère, Paris.[4] By 1926, the 17-year-old Trinder was the star of Archie Pitt's travelling variety comedy shows, often appearing at the Queen's Theatre, Poplar, London.[4] Trinder also performed in concert parties and working men's clubs.[5] He married Violet Trinder (née Bailey) in 1932.[6] By the mid-1930s, Trinder was appearing in variety shows across the United Kingdom with an act titled "The Load of Nonsense".[7][8]

Stardom and Ealing Studios (1937–1950)[edit]

Trinder with Jean Colin during the making of Communal Kitchen: Eating Out With Tommy Trinder for the Ministry of Information in 1941

Trinder began to achieve national recognition in 1937 with the touring revues Tune In and In Town Tonight.[9] Trinder's stage persona was confident and cheeky with what historian Matthew Sweet has described as a "transcendental self-belief" typified by his "you lucky people!" catchphrase.[1] His act was fast-talking and direct, with topical allusions and ad libs.[10] Trinder would often begin his act with "The name's Trinder. That's T-R-I-N-D-E-R, pronounced Chumley", a dig at the upper classes.[6] In December 1938, Trinder was spotlighted in an end-of-year review in The Era, who said "Tommy Trinder has established himself firmly in his own special niche, as we knew he would. But it is not a niche easy of attainment. To abolish deliberately the proscenium, to get down among the audience, treat individual members of it with easy familiarity, pinch their cigarettes and chocolates and to be loved for doing it... well, I have seen other artists try something like it, and their reward has been the frozen face and the indignant murmur. Tommy Trinder is a truly great artist".[11] In July 1939, Trinder starred alongside Arthur Askey in Jack Hylton's stage version of the BBC's radio comedy series Band Waggon at the London Palladium.[12] That same year, he and Violet moved into Du Cane Court, an Art Deco apartment block on Balham High Road, Balham, South London.[6] According to biographer Patrick Newley, Violet grew to dislike Trinder so much that she refused to laugh at his jokes.[1] After the couple split, Trinder married Gwyn (Toni) Lancelyn Green and moved to a large private estate, Burwood Park in Hersham, Surrey.

By the time of the Second World War, Trinder was one of Britain's foremost entertainers and regularly appeared in his own shows at the London Palladium.[13] He performed for British armed forces personnel as part of ENSA (Entertainments National Service Association) and would joke it stood for Every Night Something Atrocious.[3] Trinder would later dub its successor CSE (Combined Services Entertainment) "Chaos Supersedes ENSA".[14] In 1941, he appeared in Eating Out with Tommy Trinder, a public information film promoting wartime British Restaurants.[15]

Trinder was known for his self-promotion and claimed that, had he not entered showbusiness, he would have worked in publicity.[16] When appearing in George Black's musical revue Happy and Glorious in 1944, he arranged for large posters to be displayed across London bearing the slogan "If it's laughter you're after, Trinder's the name". One of the posters, in the East End of London, was in Yiddish.[17][18] The Stage has described Trinder as one of the first artists to recognise the importance of advertising.[19]

Trinder began a film career in 1938, making his film debut in Welwyn Studios' Save a Little Sunshine. He starred alongside Pat Kirkwood, who later described him as "rude and insulting and downright nasty".[1] Trinder was soon signed up to Michael Balcon's Ealing Studios when it became clear that George Formby was about to be wooed away.[1] His first work for the company was the comedy Sailors Three (1940), about three British sailors (Trinder, Claude Hulbert and Michael Wilding) who accidentally find themselves aboard a German pocket battleship.[20] It was Trinder's most successful comedy film[20] and one of its featured songs "All Over The Place" (words by Frank Eyton; music by Noel Gay) was among the most popular of the war.[21] In 1944, Trinder starred in the musical film Champagne Charlie, playing the 19th-century music hall performer George Leybourne opposite Stanley Holloway as his peer Alfred Vance. That same year saw Trinder appear in Fiddlers Three, a loose sequel to Sailors Three. He also took straight acting parts, playing an army driver in charge of a gang of French refugee children in The Foreman Went to France (1942) and a AFS fireman in The Bells Go Down (1943). Bitter Springs (1950) has been described as Trinder's last significant film and features the comedian as a failing travelling conjuror who makes a new life as a stockman in the Australian Outback.[1]

Tours and television (1950–1960)[edit]

After the war, Trinder concentrated mainly on his stage act.[13] He attempted to break America, making his stateside debut on a New York bill with Frank Sinatra in the spring of 1950. Advertised as "the English Bob Hope", Trinder found the American audience "not as friendly towards English artists as English audiences are to American" and never returned.[1] In 1952, Trinder embarked on a successful tour of Australia scheduled to last three months.[22] Upon his arrival in Sydney, he described himself as "just a pommy trying to make good".[10] Trinder ultimately stayed in the country for almost two years.[22] Whilst there, he raised £150,000 for charities and was consequently made life governor of 19 hospitals. Upon his return to Britain in June 1954, he observed great changes in the types of entertainers heading variety bills.[23] He began to work in television, describing the medium as "a powerful, but legitimate, rival to the theatre".[24]

In 1955, Trinder became the original compere for the ATV television programme Sunday Night at the London Palladium. A live variety show featuring the game show segment Beat the Clock, the programme regularly attracted an estimated twelve million viewers.[19][25] As he had in his stage act, Trinder often included pointed topical gags in the programme, a feature that sometimes proved controversial. Among Trinder's targets were fellow entertainers Bob Monkhouse, Liberace and Frank Sinatra.[26][27] Explaining his position in 1956, he commented "It is expected of me to make jokes about current topical items of interest. I gag about Lady Docker and Diana Dors. If I happen to be in the news, I gag about myself."[28] Having offended the managing director of ATV, Val Parnell, and his deputy, Lew Grade, on multiple occasions, Trinder was dropped and replaced by Bruce Forsyth in 1958.[1][25]

In 1955, Trinder lent his catchphrase to his first film in five years, Adelphi Films' You Lucky People!. He mounted a successful tour of South Africa in 1957.[29] In May 1959, he was the subject of the 100th edition of This Is Your Life when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews.[30] He moved to the BBC to host his own television series, Trinder Box, in 1959.[31] The programme was short-lived, as was a 1960 comedy quiz show It's Only Money.[32] Trinder never fully warmed to the medium of television, believing that the amount of daily rehearsal sapped performances of their spontaneity.[5] By the 1960s, Trinder's television appearances were limited to guest spots on programmes such as the BBC's long-running music hall programme The Good Old Days.

Fulham FC (1960–1976)[edit]

Trinder was a lifelong supporter of Fulham Football Club. By 1948, he was a director at the club[33][34] and from 1959 until 1976, he was chairman of the club. In this position, Trinder championed the midfielder Johnny Haynes. Confident that football's £20 maximum wage would remain in place, Trinder told Haynes that he would pay him £100 a week if he could.[35] He repeated this to the press, telling them "If he asks for it, who am I to deny it to the best player in the world?".[36] The wage cap was lifted in 1961 and Trinder kept his word.[37][38] The rise kept Haynes from signing with A.C. Milan and he remained with Fulham until 1970. The Daily Mail sports columnist J. L. Manning described Trinder's move as "a bold, brave and sensible application of soccer’s New Deal".[35] During his chairmanship, Trinder continued to perform in provincial theatres, pantomime and holiday camps[25] and jokes about Fulham became a regular part of his act.[39] He also continued to make occasional film appearances.

Trinder performed before the British royal family in six Royal Variety Performances between 1945 and 1980.[40] From 1937 onwards, he was a proud and active member of the exclusive entertainment fraternity, the Grand Order of Water Rats.[2] He served three non-consecutive terms as its "King Rat" in 1955, 1963 and 1965.[41][42][43] In 1956, Trinder was President of the Lord's Taverners cricketing charity.[44] Trinder celebrated 50 years in showbusiness in 1971.[4] In 1975, he was appointed a CBE for services to charity.[45]

Final years and death (1976–1989)[edit]

In later years, Trinder performed in pantomime, appeared in holiday camps and worked as a warm-up act for Tyne Tees Television in Newcastle.[25] He often made bitter allusions to Lew and Leslie Grade and his reaction to new trends in his sphere was "isn’t the 'alternative' to comedy just straight acting?".[1][46] One notable latter-day television appearance was in a 1979 edition of The Old Boy Network (BBC2), with Trinder performing his act at Great Yarmouth's Windmill Theatre and presenting a condensed history of his life and career.[47] In 1982, Trinder was reported to be earning only £17 a week in a summer season in Jersey.[48] The following year, he was hospitalised after collapsing whilst appearing in the pantomime Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp and was said to have been suffering from exhaustion.[49] Trinder collapsed on stage again during a show in Rotherham in April 1985 and during a Burton-on-Trent show in January 1986.[49][50]

After suffering a stroke, Trinder used a wheelchair for the remainder of his life. He continued to work, appearing on television in the game show The Parlour Game.[51] He made his last television appearance in February 1989, recalling his contemporary Max Miller in the BBC 40 Minutes documentary I Like The Girls Who Do.[5] The same year, he came out of stage retirement to make a final appearance at the London Palladium in a variety show celebrating the founding of BBC local radio.[52][53] An exhibition of photographs and ephemera was held at Streatham Library in March 1989 to mark Trinder's 80th birthday.[54] He died at St Peter's Hospital, Chertsey on 10 July 1989. Among the tributes, Ernie Wise described Trinder as "one of the best ad lib comedians we have ever produced - he was in the same class as Max Miller".[2] The BBC repeated Trinder's edition of The Old Boy Network on 25 July.[55]

Legacy[edit]

A biography by Patrick Newley, You Lucky People! – The Tommy Trinder Story, was published by Third Age Press in 2008.[56] Trinder was placed 83rd in Channel 4's The 100 Greatest Stand-Ups in 2007.[57] In 2010, comedian Ross Noble campaigned for people to vote for Trinder in an online poll for an updated version of the list, saying "Tommy Trinder was a top act and it would be funny to have an act from the 50s top the list. Last time I was ahead of Lenny Bruce so it's bollocks anyway". The campaign received support from fellow comics Tim Minchin, Alan Davies, Jason Manford and Viz co-founder Simon Donald.[58] Trinder ultimately placed 44th in the 2010 list.[59] In August 2009, BFI Southbank celebrated Trinder's centenary with a season of his film work.[13]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Sweet, Matthew (18 August 2009). "You lucky people: remembering Tommy Trinder". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Death of Comic Veteran". Sandwell Evening Mail: 19. 11 July 1988. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  3. ^ a b "A Chance to Meet... Tommy Trinder". Youtube. ITV. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d Mellor, Geoff (19 August 2021). "Trinder's the Name". The Stage: 6. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Oliver, John. "Tommy Trinder (1909-1989)". BFI Screenonline. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  6. ^ a b c Vincent, Gregory K. (2008). A history of Du Cane Court: land, architecture, people and politics. Woodbine. ISBN 978-0-9541675-1-6.
  7. ^ "TOMMY TRINDER The Load of Nonsense". Hampshire Telegraph: 4. 25 October 1935. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  8. ^ "TOMMY TRINDER Returns with another Load of Nonsense". Hampshire Telegraph: 4. 15 January 1937. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  9. ^ "Tommy Trinder "In Town To-night"". The Stage: 7. 11 November 1937. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  10. ^ a b Kelly, Veronica. "'You Lucky People!' Tommy Trinder on Stage and Film as a Public Vector of Post-War Anglo-Australian Projects of Land, Food and Peop". Retrieved 2 January 2022. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ Beswick Goodgame, L. (30 December 1938). "Thanks for the memory". The Era: 13. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  12. ^ "Who's Where in Variety". The Era: 9. 13 July 1939. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  13. ^ a b c "BFI to celebrate career of Tommy Trinder". British Comedy Guide. 7 July 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  14. ^ Shephard, Roy (27 August 1980). "Programme Guide". Belfast Telegraph: 8. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  15. ^ "Eating out with Tommy Trinder (1941)". Bfi. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  16. ^ "Trinder says "I'll just amble on..."". Hartlepool Northern Daily Mail: 2. 25 September 1951. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  17. ^ Freedland, Michael. "Book Review: The London Palladium: The Story of the Theatre and Its Stars". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  18. ^ Towers, Harry Alan (2013). Mr. Towers of London: A Life in Show Business. BearManor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-235-0. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  19. ^ a b "Tommy Trinder". The Stage: 25. 27 July 1989. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  20. ^ a b "BFI Screenonline: Sailors Three (1940)". Screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
  21. ^ Based on sheet music sales.
  22. ^ a b "World of Entertainment". Birmingham Daily Post. 14. 22 October 1954. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  23. ^ "Tommy Trinder is now governor of 19 hospitals". Bradford Observer: 4. 25 September 1954. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  24. ^ Melling, John Kennedy (20 February 1958). "Tommy Trinder's views on present day Variety". The Stage: 3. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  25. ^ a b c d McCann, Graham (17 October 2021). "This Town Ain't Big Enough For The Both Of Us: Comedy Rivalries". British Comedy Guide. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  26. ^ Beckett, Francis (13 October 2015). 1956: The Year That Changed Britain. Biteback Publishing. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  27. ^ "London Letter". The Billboard: 4. 25 November 1944. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  28. ^ "The Best in Years". Hampshire Telegraph: 7. 29 June 1956. Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  29. ^ "You Lucky People". Liverpool Echo: 24. 7 March 1958. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  30. ^ "This Is Your Life reaches 100th version". Shields Daily News: 5. 11 May 1959. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  31. ^ "Trinder Box". Shields Daily News: 5. 20 June 1959. Retrieved 3 January 2022.
  32. ^ "Tommy Trinder in new quiz show". The Stage: 10. 23 June 1960. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  33. ^ Denton, Bruce (25 January 1948). "Corking Magic, This!". The People: 6. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  34. ^ "Silver Rose Bowl Went to Blackburn R.S. Coach". Lancashire Evening Post: 7. 12 December 1955. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  35. ^ a b Henderson, Jon. "Tommy Trinder may have been a comedian – but the Fulham chairman was not as daft as he looked". Biteback Publishing. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  36. ^ McGhee, Frank (15 April 1961). "So Different Now Haynes Is Here". Daily Mirror: 16. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  37. ^ Fanning, Dion (7 January 2001). "Craving the Holy Grail". Sunday Independent: 34. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  38. ^ Hawkins, Si (18 September 2017). "Football... You're Having A Laugh". British Comedy Guide. Retrieved 31 December 2021.
  39. ^ Swan, Eddie (23 March 1972). "Southern Lights". The Stage: 10. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  40. ^ "1959, Manchester Palace". The Royal Variety Chariety. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  41. ^ "Tommy Trinder New King Rat". The Stage: 1. 2 December 1954. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  42. ^ "Tommy Trinder is King Rat for 1963". The Stage: 3. 29 November 1962. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  43. ^ "Variety Club Tribute to Water Rats". The Stage: 5. 8 April 1965. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  44. ^ "International". Lord's Taverners ACT. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  45. ^ "Forces sweetheart becomes Dame Vera". Belfast Telegraph: 8. 14 June 1975. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  46. ^ Bletchly, Rachael (20 June 2019). "Roy Hudd". Mirror. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  47. ^ "Tommy Trinder CBE". Aberdeen Evening Express: 2. 28 September 1979. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  48. ^ Hutchins, Chris (18 July 1982). "Chris Hutchins Confidential". Sunday Mirror: 13. Retrieved 6 January 2022.
  49. ^ a b "Tommy Trinder collapses on stage". Reading Evening Post: 1. 9 April 1985. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  50. ^ Kirkland, Olive (6 January 1986). "Time for a break". The Mirror: 18. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  51. ^ "The Parlour Game". Aberdeen Press and Journal (4). 13 July 1988. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  52. ^ Newley, Patrick (15 December 2005). "Taking Trinder back to the top of the bill". The Stage: 12. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  53. ^ Lee, Patrick (14 July 2009). "Patrick Newley". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  54. ^ "Trip along with Trinder". The Stage: 3. 16 March 1989. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  55. ^ Bond, Sarah (25 July 1989). "BBC-2". Daily Mirror: 16. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  56. ^ "You Lucky People! The Tommy Trinder Story". Third Age Press. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  57. ^ "The 100 Greatest Stand-Ups". Comedy. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  58. ^ Taylor, Jerome (22 January 2010). "Web campaign plans to put Forties comedian back on top". Independent. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  59. ^ "The 100 Greatest Stand-Ups". Comedy. Retrieved 1 October 2021.

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