Tomten, also known as "Midvinternattens köld är hård", is a poem written by Viktor Rydberg, and originally published in Ny Illustrerad Tidning in 1881. While outwardly being an idyllic Christmas poem, the poem asks about the meaning of life.
Rydberg's poem has been translated into English by Charles Wharton Stork, Anna Krook, Elias Gordon and Judith Moffett. In 1961 Astrid Lindgren published a prose version of the story with illustrations by Harald Wiberg.
Set to music
- Julens önskesångbok, 1997, under the lines "Traditionella julsånger", with music by Lyyli Wartiovaara-Kallioniemi.
- Hilda Borgström reads Tomten youtube.com Retrieved: December 29, 2013.
- "Jul hos mig" (in Swedish). Svensk mediedatabas. 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Viktor Rydberg, Torgny Lindgren (2003). Tomten. Pan hörböcker.
- Torgny Lindgren reads Tomten youtube.com Retrieved: December 29, 2013.
- Anthology of Swedish lyrics by Charles Wharton Stork, (New York: The American-Scandinavian Foundation, 1917).
- Songs of the North by Anna Krook, (Helsingfors, Söderström & Co., 1926).
- Bards of the North by Elias Gordon, (New York: American Cultural Federation Press, 1936).
- The North! to the North! by Judith Moffett, (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2001).
- The Tomten by Astrid Lindgren, (New York: Coward-McCann, 1961).
- Astrid Lindgren adaptation youtube.com Retrieved: December 31, 2013.