Toncontín International Airport
|Toncontín International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Toncontín
|IATA: TGU – ICAO: MHTG|
|Elevation AMSL||1,005 m / 3,297 ft|
The History Channel programme Most Extreme Airports ranks it as the second most dangerous airport in the world. The approach to the airport is considered to be one of the most difficult in the world to all aircraft, especially in inclement weather conditions.
Since the 19th century, the plains south of Tegucigalpa became known as the "Potrero Los Llanos", part of a farm adjoining the farm Loarque. In these areas, political events took place. Jose Santos Guardiola defeated General Trinidad Cabanas, seizing the presidency of Honduras. "El Llano" as it was known, is to the south end of Comayagüela. On a road to the south is the field that served for the takeoff and landing of aircraft. Currently, this forms the Hernan Acosta Mejia (HAM) Air Force base. The first landing was in 1921 when a single-engine plane from the Bristol Aeroplane Company landed with Captain Dean Ivan Lamb in command. He was received by President Rafael López Gutiérrez who broke a bottle of champagne on one of the aircraft's propellers.
The Aviator Luigi Venditti conducted several flights using the natural floodplain from Toncontín. Jose Villa, an Italian national, was another precursor of Honduran aviation who conducted flights from Toncontín; as did Starnaivola, Enrique Massi, Ball, and Clarence H. Brown.
The civil war in 1924 caused Tiburcio Carías to realise that aviation had a great future in Honduras, providing an ideal transport solution for a mountainous country; as well as being a strategic military weapon. For these reasons and with the growth of commercial aviation and the emergence of the Honduran Air Force, General Tiburcio Carias, acquired the land that was to become Toncontín Airport in 1933. On January 5, 1934 Toncontín airport was inaugurated with the landing of a Douglas DC-3 from Pan American World Airways. Months later TACA opened "Hotel Toncontín" to accommodate passengers in transit, and Pan-Am built a hangar.
The airport received much notoriety as being one of the most dangerous in the world due to its proximity to mountainous terrain, its short runway, and its historically difficult approach to runway 02. For years efforts have been made to replace it with Soto Cano airport in Comayagua, currently an airbase. Toncontín has, however, been significantly improved by the work of the Airport Corporation of Tegucigalpa (ACT) and InterAirports, a company contracted by the Honduran government to administer the country's four major airports.
The airport has a single asphalt runway, which sits at an elevation of 1,005 m (3,297 ft) AMSL. Until May 2009 the runway was only 6,112 ft (1,863 m) in length. In 2007 the approach to runway 02 was made significantly easier by work which systematically bulldozed a large portion of the hillside, immediately before the threshold. Following this work, in May 2009, the southern end of the runway received a 984 ft (300 m) extension, lengthening it to 7,096 ft (2,163 m). As of 2011 the runway is listed as being 2,021 m × 45 m (6,631 ft × 148 ft)
Boeing 757s are the largest aircraft that normally land at Toncontín. Even with its recent runway extension, Toncontín's runway is still significantly shorter than that of most international airports.
Historically, larger aircraft have occasionally landed at Toncontín, such as a Douglas DC-8 on a mission with Orbis International in 1987, and a C-17 Globemaster in 2008, 2009 and 2011. In the 1980s and early 1990s SAHSA operated Boeing 727's and Boeing 737's from its hub at Toncontín.
Toncontín International Airport has 4 gates (2 in the new terminal), a post office, a bank and bureau de change, many restaurants, and several airline lounges, as well as a duty-free shop, car rental services and a first aid room. The old terminal is undergoing renovation, and will be used for domestic flights in the future. The new terminal is now used for international flights.
The airport charges non-citizens an airport tax of USD 39.72 and citizens one of USD 37 payable by cash or credit card upon departure, both of which are probably among the highest in the world.
Toncontín is also the home of the Aeroclub de Honduras (Honduran Air Club).
International flights suspension
On May 30, 2008, the tragedy of TACA Flight 390 prompted the announcement by then Honduran President Manuel Zelaya that all large aircraft operations would move to the Soto Cano Air Base. This move would effectively move all international traffic from Toncontín, limiting its use to only domestic flights and small aircraft.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) completed a review of Toncontín and made safety recommendations regarding the airport. On June 25, 2008, President Zelaya reiterated his position of severely restricting international traffic to and from Toncontín and announced his intention to form a commission that would oversee implementing the safety recommendations of the ICAO report.
On July 7, 2008, President Zelaya announced the reopening of Toncontín airport at a news conference following a three-hour meeting with businessmen, who had demanded commercial flights resume at Toncontín due to Soto Cano Air Base being too far from Tegucigalpa. Zelaya reiterated that all commercial flights would eventually use the new airport at Soto Cano Air Base from 2009. This however, was canceled after Zelaya was removed from office on June 28, 2009, in the 2009 Honduran coup d'état. International flights continue to operate to Toncontín.
- In 2009 TACA airlines could not operate to Toncontín and apparently the rest of the country's airports because of a state debt to Honduras, but on May 20, 2009; TACA said that the problems with Honduras were resolved.
- In 2009 Authorities at the airport finally decided to make use of masks and other measures to prevent the H1N1 flu virus, since the number of cases had risen to 34 in the country.
- In 2009 one year after the crash of TACA Flight 390 at Toncontín airport, that killed five people, business owners near the site of the tragedy complain that they have not been compensated.
- In 2008 Honduras' President Manuel Zelaya said that, Tegucigalpa, the capital of the country, would benefit from the construction of the Palmerola airport, while others claim that this was an attempt to close Toncontín.
- The Civil Aviation Authority of Honduras temporarily suspended the license to operate of Islena Airlines part of the Taca El Salvador group, for outstanding debts of 37 million Honduran lempira, leaving the service of internal flights to Honduras in crisis.
- In May 2009, a 984 ft (300 m) extension was completed on south end of the runway, increasing the length of the runway from 6,112 ft (1,863 m) to 7,096 ft (2,163 m). The extension is helpful for take offs to the north, and rare landings from the north, however it is debatable whether it will assist with standard landings from the south due to the proximity to nearby mountains.
- On July 5, 2009, the airport was closed to all flights and the airspace in and around Toncontín was severely restricted due to the planned arrival of ousted Honduran president Manuel Zelaya. Zelaya's private Venezuelan jet was not given landing clearance by the Authorities at Toncontín and the military blocked the single runway with vehicles and troops. The plane was then diverted to Managua, Nicaragua.
- Due the bombing attempt by Al-Qaeda of Northwest Airlines Flight 253 on Christmas Day, December 25, 2009; the security at Toncontín was increased with the use of undercover police officers at the airport.
- On January 27, 2010, Honduran ex-president Manuel Zelaya and his family, left the country after 120 days seeking refuge at the Brazilian Embassy, they left at 14:45 from Toncontín International Airport, to the Dominican Republic, where Zelaya proposes to hold a trial against the people who ran the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis. Thousands of Hondurans were present outside the airport to witness the moment Zelaya left the country.
Airlines and destinations
|DHL de Guatemala||Guatemala City|
|Eta Cargo||Mexico City|
Accidents and incidents
- 7 June 1962: A Curtiss C-46 Commando, (HR-SAL), a cargo flight operated by SAHSA, crash-landed at Toncontín when the left undercarriage collapsed on touchdown. Both crew members survived but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
- 30 June 1966: A Douglas DC-6, (HR-TNG), operated by Transportes Aéreos Nacionales overran the runway on landing and was destroyed by fire.
- 20 February 1967: A Douglas DC-6, (HR-SAS) operated by SAHSA overran the runway whilst attempting to land on runway 01 at Toncontín. According to crew reports, the reverse thrust mechanism failed to engage and the crew had to brake hard causing two tires to catch fire. The nose gear overran the runway into a ditch, followed by the left main gear leg. Out of 50 passengers and 5 crew on board, 4 were killed.
- 25 November 1969: A Douglas DC-3, (HR-ANA), operated by SAHSA crashed while attempting to land on runway 01 at Toncontín. A strong wind gust upset the aircraft during flare, which pushed the aircraft towards the terminal buildings. The crew force-turned away from the buildings and crashed. All 15 passengers and 3 crew survived.
- 26 May 1970: A de Havilland Heron operated by Aero Servicios crashed during approach to runway 19, 1.5 km (0.93 mi) from the runway. The aircraft banked steeply to the left, and crashed in a nearby valley. The cause of the accident was attributed to a stall brought about by turbulent wind conditions at low altitude. 4 passengers and 2 crew were killed.
- 25 February 1989: A privately owned Douglas DC-6 (HR-AKZ) struck a mountain on approach to Toncontín and crashed. All 10 people aboard were killed.
- 21 October 1989: Tan-Sahsa Flight 414, a Boeing 727-200 on approach to runway 01 at Toncontín, crashed into a nearby hill, killing 127 of 146 people aboard. The cause of the crash was attributed to pilot error by disregarding the prescribed approach procedures.
- 1 April 1997: A U.S. Air Force C-130 cargo plane overshot the runway at Toncontín and came to rest on a civilian highway interchange, where it caught fire. The cause of the crash was attributed to excess speed on landing, resulting in a prolonged flare. The aircraft touched down 2,000 ft (610 m) beyond the runway 02 threshold.
- 30 May 2008: TACA Flight 390, an Airbus A320, overran the runway after landing on runway 02 at Toncontín. The aircraft plunged 20m down an embankment and came to rest on a road. 3 of the 124 people aboard and 2 people on the ground were killed.
- 14 February 2011: Central American Airways Flight 731, a Let L-410 Turbolet, crashed on approach to Toncontin 20 km from the airport, in Las Mesitas, Municipio de Santa Ana. All 14 aboard were killed.
- West-Wind (Honduran Presidential Plane)
- Military of Honduras
- List of airports in Honduras
- List of the busiest airports in Central America
- "MHTG – Toncontín / Internacional" (PDF). AIP de Centroamerica. Tegucigalpa: Corporación Centroamericana de Servicios de Navegación Aérea – COCESNA. 18 November 2010. pp. MHTG AD 2–1–10. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Most Extreme Airports; The History Channel; August 26, 2010
- "Past Destinations: 1987". Orbis. 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- C17 USAirForce @ Toncontin on YouTube
- Staff writers (31 May 2009). "En sesenta días se habilitará Palmerola". La Tribuna (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Thelma Mejía (2 June 2009). "Soldier, Sailor, Airport Builder?". Inter Press Service English News Wire. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Staff writers (20 March 2009). "Comunicado de Taca sobre mora con el Estado". El Heraldo (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Staff writers (30 May 2009). "A seis llegan los hospitalizados por sospechas de influenza A-H1N1". La Tribuna (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- "A un año del accidente de TACA todavía siguen las quejas". La Tribuna (in Spanish). 31 May 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Staff writers (20 May 2009). "La capital de Honduras tendrá dos aeropuertos". El Heraldo (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Marino Ortariz (23 June 2009). "Suspendido permiso a línea aérea "Isleña" del grupo Taca". Hondudiario (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Staff writers (6 July 2009). "Zelaya's jet blocked in Honduras". BBC News. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- Staff writers (28 December 2009). "¡Redobladas medidas de seguridad en Toncontín!". La Tribuna (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- ""Volveremos": Mel Zelaya". El Progresoresiste (in Spanish). 29 January 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
- "Tegucigalpa-Toncontin Airport profile". Aviation Safety Network. 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011.
Media related to Toncontín International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Interairports (Spanish)
- Video of a landing at Toncontín (YouTube)
- (Spanish) Humberto Galo Romero. "Nicaragua y Honduras en conexión directa." La Prensa (Nicaragua). October 22, 2013.