Tondaimandalam

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Tondaimandalam also known as Tondai Nadu (Tamil: தொண்டைநாடு) is a historical region located in the northernmost part of Tamil Nadu.[1] The region comprises the districts which formed a part of the traditional Pallava kingdom. The boundaries of Tondaimandalam are ambiguous – while some included only the Chennai, Tiruvallur, Kanchipuram, Tiruvannamalai and the northern part of Viluppuram district in Tondaimandalam and grouped the southern part of Viluppuram District, the Union Territory of Pondicherry and Cuddalore District under a separate region called "Nadu Naadu", some even included the Vellore District and the so-called "Nadu Naadu" in Tondaimandalam. The Tondaimandalam region also included the Chittoor and Nellore districts of Andhra Pradesh.[2]

History[edit]

Early days this region was ruled by the tribal chiefs who also called as Irular or Aravar. It then came under the rule of Cholas during first century AD. The capital of Thondai Nadu is Kanchipuram. It is once a glory city where Budhdhist University present which is equivalent to Nalanda University. In the 3rd century AD period, Tondai Nadu was ruled by Ilandiraiyan, the first king with the title "Tondaiman", whom P. T. Srinivasa Iyengar identifies with a Pallava prince. The medieval Pallavas ruled Andhra and Northern Tamil Nadu, from the 4th to the 9th centuries, with their seat of capital at ancient Kanchipuram. When the ancient king Adondai captured Tondainadu, he brought Vellalars from Srisailam.[citation needed] Tondai Nadu is the region north of the Kaveri basin. It was captured by the second Chola monarch, Aditya (r. ca. 871-907). he defeated the armies of the Pallavas of Kanchipuram and claimed all of Tondai Nadu as Chola territory.Thondai Nadu included Chittoor and Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tondaimandalam Flesh Out History". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "south to Tondaimandalam in the north". The britannica. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Restoring past glory". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 February 2017.