Tong Enzheng

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Tong Enzheng
Native name 童恩正
Born 1935
Died 1997 (aged 61–62)
Nationality Chinese
Occupation science fiction author
Notable work Cultural Anthropology
New Journey to the West
Death Ray on a Coral Island
Awards China's best short story
1978 Death Ray on a Coral Island
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Tong.

Tong Enzheng (Chinese: 童恩正; 1935 – April 20, 1997) was a prominent Chinese archaeologist, historian, designer, and science fiction author.

Career[edit]

Tong authored the textbook Cultural Anthropology and specialized in early southwest China. He also was involved in redesigning the Sichuan University Museum.[1] He also became noted for his criticism of the influence of Lewis H. Morgan on Chinese anthropology.[2][3] Tong also led the "Southern Silk Road Project.",[4] pursuing the study of links between ancient Southeast Asia and China. Not many of Tong's publications in Chinese have been translated. For a bibliography, see the Wesleyan link posted below. In English, one of his most widely cited articles is a review of Chinese archaeology under socialism.[5]

In science fiction he wrote the satirical New Journey to the West, and the short story Death Ray on a Coral Island. This won an award for "China's best short story" in 1978 and was later adapted to film.[6] Both his science fiction writings as well as his archaeological and historical scholarly writings were reprinted in a multi-volume set issued in 1998 from Chongqing Publishing House (Tong Enzheng wenji, 3 volumes, 1998, ISBN 978-7-5366-3871-6).

He died in the US after fleeing China following the Government crackdown on the protests at Tiananmen Square. At the time, he was a visiting scholar at Wesleyan University, which has instituted a lecture series in his name, an Enzheng Tong Archaeology Library located at its Mansfield Freeman Center for East Asian Studies, as well as a webpage with Tong's CV and further information.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Society for East Asian Archaeology
  2. ^ Gladney, Dru. Muslim Chinese ethnic nationalism in the People's Republic, pgs 72, 74
  3. ^ Gender and Chinese archaeology by Katheryn M. Linduff, Yan Sun, pg 12
  4. ^ Ways of being ethnic in Southwest China by Stevan Harrell, pg 13
  5. ^ Tong, Enzheng. “Thirty years of Chinese archaeology, 1949-79,” in Nationalism, Politics, and the Practice of Archaeology, edited by Philip L. Kohl and Clare Fawcett; Cambridge [England]; New York; Cambridge University Press, 1996, 177-97.
  6. ^ Handbook of Chinese popular culture
  7. ^ http://www.wesleyan.edu/mansfield/about/enzhengtong.html