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Native to Thailand, Malaysia
Ethnicity Maniq people
Native speakers
370 (2014)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 tnz
Glottolog tong1308[2]

The Maniq language Ten'edn, known in some of the previous literature as Tonga, is an aboriginal Mon–Khmer language of Thailand and Malaya. It goes by the name Mos in Thailand, which it shares with Kensiu. (The name Maniq is also shared with Kensiu.)

According to Benjamin (2011), Maniq (Məniʔ, Maniʔ) can refer to the following three or more speech varieties.

  • Tonga' (Toŋaʔ)
  • Mos (Mɔs)
  • Teanean (Ten'en, Tɛnʔɛn, Tean-ean)


  1. ^ Maniq at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tonga (Thailand)". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

Peterson, Mary M. 2012. Notes on Ten-edn (Tonga-Mos) and Kensiw Borrowings. Mon Khmer Studies 40:19-35.

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