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Skyline of Tongi
Skyline of Tongi
Tongi is located in Dhaka division
Location in Dhaka Division
Tongi is located in Bangladesh
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 23°54′N 90°25′E / 23.90°N 90.41°E / 23.90; 90.41Coordinates: 23°54′N 90°25′E / 23.90°N 90.41°E / 23.90; 90.41
Country Bangladesh
DivisionDhaka Division
DistrictGazipur District
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyGazipur City Corporation
 • Total32.07 km2 (12.38 sq mi)
 • Total350,000 [1]
 • Rank
Time zoneUTC+6 (Bangladesh Time)
National Dialing Code+880

Tongi (Bengali: টঙ্গী) is a major township in Gazipur, Bangladesh, with a population of 350,000. It hosts the Biswa Ijtema and features a BSCIC industrial area, which produces BDT 1500 crore of industrial products annually,[3][4] and marks the northern border of Dhaka since 1786.[5] Tongi Shahid Smrity high School compound is mass burial site of the genocide in Liberation War of Bangladesh.[3]


Ruins of Tungy Bridge, an etching by Charles D'Oyly's (1825).

Mir Jumla II (1660–1663) built a fort to protect the northern entry of Dhaka during his reign as a Mughal subadar (1660–1663).[5][6] The subadar also built a bridge over the river Turag.[5] Mir Jumla constructed a road, now a part of the Dhaka-Mymensingh highway, that connected Tongi with Bag-e-Badshahi. It served as an axis of urban growth in the 19th and 20th centuries as sites for establishment of new urban settlements - Gulshan (formed in 1961), Banani (in 1964), Baridhara (in 1972) and Uttara (in 1965) - were picked off the highlands along that axis road.[5]

In 1786, Tongi-Jamalpur was designated as the northern boundary of Dhaka by the East India Company, reaffirmed by John Taylor, the first English Commercial Resident of Dhaka in 1800.[5] the newly added

Geography and administration[edit]

Tongi, a thana (police station) within the Gazipur Sadar Upazila along with Joydebpur since 1983,[3] is located immediately north of Dhaka. It lies within the jurisdiction Gazipur District, which is a part of the Dhaka Division.

Geologically, the Tongi area comprises the southern extension of the Madhupur tract, a long narrow tract of tectonically elevated area of older sediments only a few metres above the surrounding rivers the Turag. Locally, the Tract is subdivided into the Bhawal Garh terrace which is a part of an inlier, an elevated area surrounded by lowlands by very young riverine sediments occupying the surrounding valleys. The older sediment sequence consists of sandstone of the Dupi Tila Formation overlain by Madhupur Clay, which in turn is overlain by alluvium. The elevation of the Tract varies from 2 to 14 m above mean sea level and it has shallow bedrock which forms a firm substrate for supporting large structures.[7] PAGAR GOPALPUR TONGI BISIC ARICHPUR MIRAS PARA HIMAR DIGHI NOAGAON SHOLARGATI SHILMUN BONOMALA EARSHAD NAGAR GAZIPURA DATTAPARA .KHORTOIL .SATAISH BHADAM BAKRAL ANDRAUL DARAIL CHAK BHADAM TILARGATI DEORA CHERAG ALI AUCH PARA MASIMPUR


Many of the people who live in Tongi commute to Dhaka each day, mainly by bus. Many people are also employed at factories in Export Processing Zones, areas given special tax and tariff exemptions by the government in order to stimulate industry.[8]


Turag River

Tongi has a bordering river called the Turag River, it is very actively used by the local commuters and traders.[9] The annual Bishwa Ijtema is also held in Tongi beside the banks of Turag River.[10]


There are two thanas in Tongi - Tongi East[11] and Tongi West Thana.[12]


Tongi junction

The newly constructed Tongi Diversion Road forms another important artery of the road network leading to Dhaka.[5]

The Narayanganj-Dhaka-Mymensingh State railway was opened in 1885–86.[5] Tongi is a break of gauge junction station on the Bangladesh Railway where the new cross country line across the Jamuna Bridge from the western section joins the eastern section. Tongi is situated on the bank of the river Turag, transport boats and cargo boats are also available here.


Educational institutions in this area include:

Medical colleges and hospitals[edit]


  1. ^ "Population & Housing Census-2011: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
  2. ^ "Population & Housing Census-2011: Urban Area Report" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 11. Retrieved 2019-10-07.
  3. ^ a b c Ahmed, Md Farid Uddin (2012). "Gazipur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ "Tongi Bangladesh Small and Cottage Industries Corporation (BSCIC), produces Tk 1500 cr industrial goods annually". Daily News Monitoring Service. BSS. 2005-01-20. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Chowdhury, AM (2012). "Dhaka". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ Alam, Helemul (2006-03-21). "DCC demolishes Dhaka gate at Banani". New Age. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-04-23.
  7. ^ Alam, MK; Aurangzeb, MM (1975). "Geological environment for Greater Dhaka City". Proceedings of 3rd Annual Conference. Dhaka: Bangladesh Geological Society. pp. 34–37.
  8. ^ "Bangladesh". Global Connectivity and Exchange Project. Department of State, USA. Retrieved 2007-04-22.
  9. ^ "Turag River". Banglapedia.
  10. ^ "2nd phase of Biswa Ijtema ends with prayer for peace". Dhaka Tribune. 21 January 2018.
  11. ^ "লিখে দেওয়া জমিতে বাড়ি করেছেন ছেলে, সেখানে ঠাঁই হলো না মায়ের". Prothom Alo (in Bengali). 13 March 2022.
  12. ^ "গাজীপুর মেট্রোপলিটন পুলিশে বদলি টঙ্গী পশ্চিম থানায় নতুন ওসির যোগদান". Daily Naya Diganta (in Bengali). 5 December 2020.

External links[edit]