Tongji University

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Tongji University
Tongji Uni logo.svg
TypeNational, Public
EstablishedOctober 1, 1907; 114 years ago (1907)
PresidentChen Jie
Academic staff
CampusSiping Road Campus (1239 Siping Road, Yangpu District, Shanghai, 200092)
Jiading Campus (4800 Caoan Road, Jiading District, Shanghai, 201804)

Tongji University (simplified Chinese: 同济大学; traditional Chinese: 同濟大學; pinyin: Tóngjì Dàxué) is a comprehensive university located in Shanghai. Established in 1907 by the German government together with German physicians in Shanghai, Tongji is one of the longest-standing, most selective,[2] and most prestigious universities in China under the Project 985. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University.[3]

Tongji University is renowned for its engineering, architecture and business programs. The university possesses a faculty of more than 2,803 scholars, including 27 members from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering.[4] Currently, Tongji University owns 29 colleges, 8 affiliated hospitals, and 6 affiliated primary and secondary schools.

The College of Civil Engineering is considered the best in the world according to several widely cited international rankings, including Shanghai Ranking, U.S. News Rankings, URAP ranking and NTU Ranking.[5][6][7][8] Tongji's architecture program is also considered to be among the best in the world, ranking as the number 13 architecture school worldwide in the 2021 QS World University Rankings[9] and the top overall architecture program in China according to China's University and College Admission System (CACUS).[10] The School of Design and Innovation was ranked 13th among art and design schools worldwide in 2020, and the top in Asia, according to QS.[11] The School of Economics and Management (Tongji SEM) is one of 74 business schools in the world being triple accredited by the European Quality Improvement System (EQUIS), the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) and the Association of MBAs (AMBA).[12] Tongji University is a member of the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance[citation needed] and Asian-European Laotse Universities Network.[13] According to the 2022 QS World University Rankings, Tongji University ranked 8th nationally.[14]


The history of Tongji University can be traced back to 1907 when the German Medical School for the Chinese in Shanghai was founded by the German government together with the German physicians Erich Paulun, Oscar von Schab and Paul Krieg. The school was affiliated with the Tongji-Hospital the German physicians had established in Shanghai on the initiative of Paulun.[15] The name Tongji, which is a phonetic approximation in Shanghainese of German deutsche ("German"), suggests cooperating by riding the same boat. The school was expanded to include engineering in its programs and got its new name as German Medical and Engineering School for the Chinese in Shanghai in 1912.[16] It was formally established as a Chinese university under the name of Tongji University in 1923/1924 and was renamed as National Tongji University in 1927. During the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), the university campus was moved from Shanghai first to Zhejiang Province, then to Jiangxi Province and Yunnan Province and later to Sichuan Province. It was eventually moved back to Shanghai in 1946.[17] It then grew to be a comprehensive university which offered programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, and law. Following a nationwide campaign of reorganizing schools and departments between universities in 1952, Tongji University became a university knowns for its civil engineering and architecture programs. Tongji is also the first university that introduced Urban Planning into China. In 1952, the first twelve full professors of Tongji are: Li Guohao, 周念先 (Zhou Nianxian), 钱仲毅 (Qian Zhongyi), 陈超 (Chen Chao), 周方白 (周圭), 李寿康, et al.

As a university which had established a reputation for its research, Tongji became one of the first batch of universities which were authorized by the China State Council to establish its Graduate School. As one of the leading universities, it was successful in its application for the 211 Program which provided universities with substantial government fund. In 1995, the university became one to be jointly supported by the State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government. In 1996 the university merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials. The merger was acknowledged by the State Council as "Tongji Model" in the system renovation of higher institutions in China. In April 2000, the expanded Tongji merged again with Shanghai Railway University. Now Tongji University has become a comprehensive university which offers a wide range of programs in science, engineering, medicine, arts, law, economics and management.[18]


  • November 2010 - Signed a cooperation agreement with Instituto Superior Técnico making IST the Portuguese Campus of Tongji University
  • July 2005 - Signed a cooperation agreement with Politecnico di Milano and Politecnico di Torino concerning the development of Sino-Italian University Campus in Shanghai and establishment of a Sino-Italian House, one year later a dual bachelor's degree project in engineering, called PoliTong, was launched
  • 2002 - Listed in Project 985
  • April 2000 - Merged with Shanghai Railway University (a merge between Shanghai Railway College and Shanghai Railway Medical College in May 1995)[19][20][21]
  • August 1996 - Merged with Shanghai Institute of Urban Construction and Shanghai Institute of Building Materials
  • November 1995 - Listed in Project 211
  • October 1995 - Declared to be jointly built by the former State Education Commission and the Shanghai Municipal Government
  • December 1978 - Upon consent by the State Council, resumed connection with Germany and became the window of the cultural, technology and science exchanges between China and Germany
  • February 1972 - Tongji University merged with the Marine Geology Department of East China Normal University
  • 1952 - The Departments of Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry in College of Science merged into Fudan University, the Departments of Machinery, Electrical Engineering and Ship Manufacture merged into Shanghai Jiaotong University. In the meanwhile, Tongji University merged the Civil Engineering Department and School of Architecture from Saint John's University, Shanghai and several other universities.
  • 1951 - The Department of Biology in College of Science merged into East China Normal University, the Medical School and the Department of Survey in College of Engineering moved to Wuhan, Hubei Province
  • September 1949 - College of Literature and Arts, College of Law merged into Fudan University
  • June 1949 - Tongji University was taken over by Shanghai Military Control Commission
  • August 1946 - College of Science expanded as College of Literature and Science moved back to Shanghai
  • April 1946 - Moved back to Shanghai
  • 1945 - Established the College of Law
  • October 1940 - Moved Lizhuang in Yibin, Sichuan Province
  • Winter 1938 - Moved to Kunming, Yunnan Province
  • September 1937 - Moved to the south of China due to the Second Sino-Japanese War
  • August 1927 - Renamed as National Tongji University
  • May 20, 1924 - Approved by the government to be one of the first national universities in China.
  • March 1922 - Renamed as Tongji Medical and Engineering University
  • October 1907 - Established as Tongji German Medical School[22]


Tongji University

The university now registers over 50,000 students at all levels from certificate and diploma courses to Bachelor's Degrees, Master's, Ph.D. programs and post doctoral attachments. There are over 4,200 academic staff for teaching and/or research, among whom there are 6 Members of Chinese Academy of Science, 7 Members of Chinese Academy of Engineering, over 530 professors and 1,300 associate professors. The university offers diverse courses in its 81 Bachelor's degrees, 151 Masters, 58 PhD programs and 13 post doctoral mobile stations. Tongji University is particularly famous for its Civil Engineering and Architecture programs. Its Civil Engineering, Architecture programs and Transportation Engineering are ranked Top 1 in P.R. China and its architecture program is by far the most difficult to gain entry into. As one of the state leading centers for scientific research, the university has 5 state key laboratories and engineering research centers.[citation needed]

The university is active in promoting cooperation and exchanges with other countries. It has established links with Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Spain,[23] Switzerland, UK and USA in the fields of education, science, technology and economics. A number of international joint programs have been established between the university and its counterparts in other countries in recent years. In 2006, the university enrolled 1,829 international students.[24]

Anniversary Day[edit]

On June 3, 1907, German Medical School was opened in Shanghai. On October 1 of the same year, a ceremony was held. The Anniversary Day was initially set to May 18, on which day in 1924 the Wusong campus was opened. In 1925 and 1926, ceremonies were held on May 18. On the staff meeting on January 19, 1931, the Anniversary Day of National Tongji University was decided to be postponed to May 20, two days after the national mourn with half-mast over the death of Mr. Chen Yingshi (Chen Qimei), a politician.[25] Tongji celebrates the Anniversary Day on May 20 since then.[citation needed]

Coincidentally, on May 20 of 1924, Tongji Medical School was approved to be a "university" by the Department of Education of China. At that moment, both the medical school and the engineering school were approved.[citation needed]


Tongji University is titled the State-level Garden Unit for Excellent Afforestation. lts five campuses are located in the municipal city of Shanghai, covering an area of 2,460,000 m2. The Siping Campus is situated on Siping Road; the West Campus on Zhennan Road; the North Campus on Gonghexing Road; the East Campus on Wudong Road and the Jiading Campus is located in Shanghai International Automobile City in Anting, Jiading District. In the year 2009, the East Campus was sold to Shanghai University of Finance and Economics.[26]

  • Siping Campus (Main campus)
  • West Campus
  • North Campus
  • Jiading Campus


Colleges, schools and departments[edit]

  • College of Architecture and Urban Planning
  • College of Civil Engineering
  • College of Design and Innovation
  • Law School
  • School of Software Engineering
  • College of Electronics and Information Engineering
  • College of Environmental Science and Engineering
  • School of Material Science and Engineering
  • College of Mechanical Engineering
  • College of Transportation Engineering
  • College of Automotive Engineering
  • School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics
  • School of Physics Science and Engineering
  • School of Chemical Science and Engineering
  • School of Mathematics
  • School of Foreign Languages
  • School of Humanities
  • School of Economics and Management
  • College of Arts and Media
  • College of Life Science and Technology
  • School of Ocean and Earth Science
  • School of Medicine
  • Institute of Rail Transit

Institutes and research centers[edit]

  • Institute of Acoustics
  • Intellectual Property Institute
  • The Institute for Biomedical Engineering & Nano Science (iNANO)
  • Institute of Further Education
  • Institute of E-Education
  • Institute of Higher Technology
  • Institute of Vocational and Technical Education
  • Institute of Automobile Marketing
  • German Academic Center
  • Sino-German College
  • Sino-German College of Engineering
  • Sino-French College of Engineering and Management
  • Sino-Italian Campus
  • UNEP-Tongji Institute for Environment and Sustainable Development (IESD)
  • Architectural Design and Research Institute
  • Research Institute of Modern Agricultural Science and Engineering
  • The International School of Tongji University
  • Center for Asia-Pacific Studies

State key laboratories[edit]

  • State Key Laboratory of Disaster Prevention in Civil Engineering
  • State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse
  • State Key Laboratory of Modern Technology of Urban Planning and Design
  • State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology

National Research Center[edit]

  • National Engineering Research Center of Urban Pollution Control

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level laboratories[edit]

  • Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the State Ministry of Education
  • Key Laboratory of Yangtze Water Environment of the State Ministry of Education
  • Shanghai Key Laboratory of Metal Function Materials Research and Application
  • Key Laboratory of Modem Engineering Geodesy of The State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping
  • Open Laboratory of Physiological and Psychology in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Clinical Medical Molecular Biology in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Nutrition and Food Hygiene in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Children's Stomatology in Railway Health Care
  • Open Laboratory of Venereology in Railway Health Care

Key provincial-level and ministerial-level research centers[edit]

  • Information and Technology Research Center of Civil Engineering of the State Ministry of Education
  • Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Constriction Robot[27]

State key disciplines[edit]

  • Marine Geology
  • Structural Engineering
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Bridge and Tunnel Engineering
  • Material Science
  • Road and Railway Engineering
  • Urban Planning and Design
  • Traffic and Transportation Planning and Management
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geo-technical Engineering[28]

Members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[edit]

  • Sun Jun (孙钧)
  • Ma Zaitian (马在田)
  • Wang Pinxian
  • Yao Xi (姚熹)
  • Zheng Shiling (郑时龄)
  • Chang Qing (常青)
  • Zhou Xingming (周兴铭)
  • Chen Yihan (陈义汉)
  • Pei Gang (裴钢)

Members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering[edit]


Tongji has a strategic partnership with Technische Universität Darmstadt and Technische Universität Graz.[29][30]

Rankings and reputation[edit]

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[31]151-200 (2021)
QS World[32]211 (2022)
THE World[33]301-350 (2022)
THE Reputation[34]151-175 (2021)
USNWR Global[35]224 (2022)
Regional – Overall
THE Emerging Economies[36]20 (2022)
USNWR Asia[37]30 (2022)
National – Overall
QS National[38]8 (2022)
THE National[39]13 (2022)
USNWR National[40]14 (2022)

Tongji is ranked 211th in the world according to the 2022 QS World University Rankings.[41]

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2022 placed Tongji 301–350th worldwide and 13th in China.[42]


Erich Paulun

Noted alumni[edit]

Some noted alumni of Tongji University are:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ 同济大学章程 (Chinese) (PDF). Tongji University. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 22, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "2019版中国大学录取分数总排名(完整数据)".
  3. ^ 教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 [Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines].
  4. ^ "统计概览-同济大学". Retrieved May 3, 2020.
  5. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Global Ranking of Academic Subjects". Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  6. ^ "Top Civil Engineering Schools in the World - US News Education". Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  7. ^ "Subject Ranking". Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  8. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Academic Performance 2020-2021 Subject Rankings". Retrieved August 26, 2021.
  9. ^ "QS Reveals the World's Top Universities for Architecture in 2021". March 8, 2021.
  10. ^ "Top Architecture Universities | Top Architecture Universities in China".
  11. ^ "Art & Design 2020". QS World Rankings: Art and Design Schools. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  12. ^ "The Triple Accredited Business Schools (AACSB, AMBA, EQUIS)". MBA Today.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 11, 2016. Retrieved September 14, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022". Top Universities. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
  15. ^ See Roswitha Reinbothe (ed.), Tongji-Universität in Shanghai. Dokumente zur Gründungsgeschichte, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 2009.
  16. ^ The degrees granted by the German Medical College in Shanghai corresponded to the degrees granted by medical schools in Germany.
  17. ^ With a few exceptions, the German members of the Faculty of Medicine stayed behind in Shanghai and established in 1940 in the International Settlement the Shanghai German Medical Academy (Deutsche medizinische Akademie Shanghai; alternative spelling Schanghai). The school functioned at 82 Tongfu Road (later Shimenyi Road) and at #10, 100 Changshu Road, continuing medical and educational activities throughout the war. Upon the return of the National Tongji University to Shanghai, the Academy, with all its students, was re-integrated in the Faculty of Medicine. See (History of) #10, 100 Changshu Road (Shanghai) Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, in Chinese.
  18. ^ tongji history Archived 2011-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "走进上海老校园(廿二) 上海铁道学院".
  20. ^ "中国教育和科研计算机网CERNET".
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved November 12, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ Chronology of Tongji University Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Search - Guni Network".
  24. ^ Today Archived 2007-09-02 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Minutes of staff meetings of National Tongji University, Tongji Archives.
  26. ^ 上海财经大学武东路100号揭牌仪式隆重举行, (In Chinese).
  27. ^ Research Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine
  28. ^ Key Disciplines Archived 2007-08-28 at the Wayback Machine
  29. ^ Darmstadt, Technische Universität. "Strategic Partnerships". Technische Universität Darmstadt. Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  30. ^ "Overview: Strategic Partnerships - TU Graz". Retrieved July 27, 2019.
  31. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2021 | Academic Ranking of World Universities 2021 | Top 1000 universities | Shanghai Ranking - 2021".
  32. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022".
  33. ^
  34. ^ "THE World Reputation Rankings 2021".
  35. ^
  36. ^ "THE Emerging University Rankings 2022". Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  37. ^
  38. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022".
  39. ^ "World University Rankings". August 20, 2019.
  40. ^
  41. ^ "Tongji University". Top Universities. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
  42. ^ "Tongji University". Times Higher Education (THE). September 4, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  43. ^ Former Presidents Archived 2007-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  44. ^ Alumni Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°16′58″N 121°30′24″E / 31.2827°N 121.5066°E / 31.2827; 121.5066