|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Tongjiang (Chinese: 同江; pinyin: Tóngjiāng) is a city of 160,000 in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located at the confluence and on the right banks of the Songhua and Amur Rivers, the latter which marks the border with Russia. Administratively it is a county-level city of Jiamusi.
Early medieval history
From 698 to 936, the kingdom of Balhae occupied northern Korea and parts of Manchuria and Primorsky Krai, consisting of the Nanai, the Udege, and the Evenks and descendants of the Tungus-speaking people and the people of the recently fallen Goguryeo kingdom of Korea. The vicinity of Tongjiang was settled at this moment by Heishui Mohe tribes (Hangul : 흑수말갈 Hanja/Hanzi : 黑水靺鞨 pinyin : Hēishuǐ Mòhé). These tribes were submitted to Balhae Kingdom under King Seon's reign (818-830).
King Seon administrated their territories by creating a prefecture in the neighbourhood : The Hoiwon Prefecture (Hangul : 회원부 Hanja : 懷遠府) with Dalju (Hangul : 달주 Hanja :達州) present-day Tongjiang (Hanzi :同江 pinyin :Tóngjiāng), as its administrative centre.
Amur Bridge Project
The Amur Bridge Project was announced in 2007 by Valery Solomonovich Gurevich, the vice-chairman of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast in Russia. He said that China and Russia would start construction of the first railway bridge over the Amur River at the end of 2007. Nizhneleninskoye, a village in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast, will be joined by a railway bridge to Tongjiang.
As of November 2008, construction has not started yet, but the transport ministries of the two countries have signed an agreement about building it; at this point, the construction work was expected to start in 2009 and to be completed in 2011.
- Proposed bridge to boost bilateral trade, China Daily, June 19, 2007.
- "Строительство первого железнодорожного моста соединяющего Китай и Россию начнется в 2009 году" (Construction of the first railway bridge connecting Russia and China will start in 2009) China.org.cn, 2008-11-27. (Russian)
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