|Archipelago||Vanuatu, Shepherd Islands|
|Area||42 km2 (16 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||191 m (627 ft)|
Tongoa is the largest island of Shepherd Islands archipelago. The island is heavily vegetated and shows geothermal activity. Tongoa is of recent volcanic origin but currently has no currently active volcano. There are numerous volcanic old cones on the island and some black sand beaches. The interior part of the island is densely rainforested. The island is named after the Tongoa plant which grows in the area. Megapode birds nest on the island. The only mammals present on the island are the bats Pteropus anetianus and Tonga leather (Pteropus tonganus).
As of 2015, the official local population was 2243 people in 454 households. There are 14 villages on the island. Some natives speak Makura language (Na Makura) and North Efate language (Na Kanamanga).
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- UNEP Islands Directory
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- "Tongoa Airport (TGH)". World Airport Codes. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
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- Coiffier, Christian. Traditional Architecture in Vanuatu. p. 129. ISBN 9789820200470. Retrieved 10 August 2018.