Tongren County

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Tongren
同仁县 · ཐུང་རིན་རྫོང་།
County
Tongren from above
Tongren from above
Tongren is located in Qinghai
Tongren
Tongren
Tongren is located in China
Tongren
Tongren
Coordinates: 35°24′36.97″N 102°04′52.50″E / 35.4102694°N 102.0812500°E / 35.4102694; 102.0812500Coordinates: 35°24′36.97″N 102°04′52.50″E / 35.4102694°N 102.0812500°E / 35.4102694; 102.0812500
Country China
Province Qinghai
Autonomous prefecture Huangnan
County seat Rongwu Town
Area
 • Total 3,275 km2 (1,264 sq mi)
Elevation 2,480 m (8,140 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 92,601
 • Density 28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 811399
Area code(s) 0973

Tongren County (Tibetan: ཐུན་རིན་རྫོང་Wylie: thung ren rdzong; Chinese: 同仁县; pinyin: Tóngrén Xiàn), known to Tibetans as Rebgong (Tibetan: རེབ་གོང་, རེབ་ཀོང་, or རེབ་སྐོང་)[1] in the historic region of Amdo is the capital and second smallest administrative subdivision by area within Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai, China. The county has an area of 3465 square kilometers and a population of ~80,000 (2002), 75% Tibetan. The economy of the county includes agriculture and aluminium mining.

The county has a number of Tibetan Buddhist temples and gompas, including the large and significant Rongwo Monastery of the Gelug school. It is known as a center of thangka painting. Rebgong arts were named to the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists in 2009.

In October, 2010 there were reports of large demonstrations in Tongren by Tibetan students who reportedly shouted the slogans, “equality of ethnic groups” and “freedom of language." [2]

Demographics and languages[edit]

The Amdo Tibetan is the lingua franca of Tongren County and the surrounding region, which is populated by Tibetan and Hui people, as well as some Han Chinese and Mongols.[3]

The Wutun language, a Chinese-Bonan-Tibetan mixed language, is spoken by some 2,000 people in the two villages of Upper and Lower Wutun, located on the eastern bank of the Rongwo River.[3]

Climate[edit]

Tongren County has a highland humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb)

Climate data for Tongren County(1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
21.6
(70.9)
27.0
(80.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
35.0
(95)
34.2
(93.6)
32.5
(90.5)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
13.9
(57)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
4.8
(40.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.9
(66)
21.3
(70.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
18.7
(65.7)
13.6
(56.5)
8.1
(46.6)
2.7
(36.9)
13.51
(56.32)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
7.8
(46)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
16.1
(61)
12.0
(53.6)
6.3
(43.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
6.06
(42.9)
Average low °C (°F) −12.2
(10)
−9.2
(15.4)
−3.9
(25)
1.4
(34.5)
5.8
(42.4)
9.1
(48.4)
11.2
(52.2)
10.5
(50.9)
7.4
(45.3)
1.4
(34.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−10.6
(12.9)
0.46
(32.82)
Record low °C (°F) −22.6
(−8.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−15
(5)
−9.3
(15.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
1.2
(34.2)
4.3
(39.7)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
−10.5
(13.1)
−16.4
(2.5)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−22.6
(−8.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.098)
3.9
(0.154)
11.0
(0.433)
22.6
(0.89)
58.0
(2.283)
64.5
(2.539)
80.4
(3.165)
70.8
(2.787)
65.1
(2.563)
25.9
(1.02)
3.1
(0.122)
0.8
(0.031)
408.6
(16.085)
Source: China Meteorological Administration,[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China Adds to Security Forces in Tibet Amid Calls for a Boycott" article by Edward Wong in The New York Times Feb. 18, 2009, accessed October 21, 2010
  2. ^ "China: Tibetan Students March To Protest Education Policies" article by Edward Wong in The New York Times October 21, 2010, accessed October 21, 2010
  3. ^ a b Lee-Smith, Mei W.; Wurm, Stephen A. (1996), "The Wutun language", in Wurm, Stephen A.; Mühlhäusler, Peter; Tyron, Darrell T., Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas, Volume 2, Part 1. (Volume 13 of Trends in Linguistics, Documentation Series)., Walter de Gruyter, p. 883, ISBN 3-11-013417-9, International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies 
  4. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1981-2010年). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 

External links[edit]