Tongren, Qinghai

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Tongren

同仁市 · ཐུང་རིན་གྲོང་ཁྱེར།
Tongren from above
Tongren from above
Tongren County (light red) within Huangnan Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Tongren County (light red) within Huangnan Prefecture (yellow) and Qinghai
Tongren is located in Qinghai
Tongren
Tongren
Location of the seat in Qinghai
Coordinates (Tongren County government): 35°30′58″N 102°01′06″E / 35.5161°N 102.0183°E / 35.5161; 102.0183Coordinates: 35°30′58″N 102°01′06″E / 35.5161°N 102.0183°E / 35.5161; 102.0183
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceQinghai
Autonomous prefectureHuangnan
County seatRongwu Town
Area
 • Total3,275 km2 (1,264 sq mi)
Elevation
2,480 m (8,140 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total92,601
 • Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
811399
Area code(s)0973

Tongren (Tibetan: ཐུན་རིན་རྫོང་, Wylie: thun rin; Chinese: 同仁; pinyin: Tóngrén), known to Tibetans as Rebgong (Tibetan: རེབ་གོང་, རེབ་ཀོང་ or རེབ་སྐོང་)[1] in the historic region of Amdo, is the capital and second smallest administrative subdivision by area within Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai, China. The city has an area of 3465 square kilometers and a population of ~80,000 (2002), 75% Tibetan. The economy of the city includes agriculture and aluminium mining.

The city has a number of Tibetan Buddhist temples and gompas, including the large and significant Rongwo Monastery of the Gelug school. It is known as a center of thangka painting. Regong arts were named on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists in 2009.

In October, 2010 there were reports of large demonstrations in Tongren by Tibetan students who reportedly shouted the slogans, “equality of ethnic groups” and “freedom of language." [2]

Demographics and languages[edit]

The Amdo Tibetan is the lingua franca of Tongren and the surrounding region, which is populated by Tibetan and Hui people, as well as some Han Chinese and Mongols.[3]

The Wutun language, a Chinese-Bonan-Tibetan mixed language, is spoken by some 2,000 people in the two villages of Upper and Lower Wutun, located on the eastern bank of the Rongwo River.[3]

Climate[edit]

Tongren has a highland humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb)

Climate data for Tongren (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
21.6
(70.9)
27.0
(80.6)
32.7
(90.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.3
(88.3)
35.0
(95.0)
34.2
(93.6)
32.5
(90.5)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
13.9
(57.0)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
4.8
(40.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.9
(66.0)
21.3
(70.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
18.7
(65.7)
13.6
(56.5)
8.1
(46.6)
2.7
(36.9)
13.5
(56.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
7.8
(46.0)
11.9
(53.4)
14.7
(58.5)
16.7
(62.1)
16.1
(61.0)
12.0
(53.6)
6.3
(43.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
6.1
(42.9)
Average low °C (°F) −12.2
(10.0)
−9.2
(15.4)
−3.9
(25.0)
1.4
(34.5)
5.8
(42.4)
9.1
(48.4)
11.2
(52.2)
10.5
(50.9)
7.4
(45.3)
1.4
(34.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
−10.6
(12.9)
0.5
(32.8)
Record low °C (°F) −22.6
(−8.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−15.0
(5.0)
−9.3
(15.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
1.2
(34.2)
4.3
(39.7)
2.3
(36.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
−10.5
(13.1)
−16.4
(2.5)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−22.6
(−8.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.5
(0.10)
3.9
(0.15)
11.0
(0.43)
22.6
(0.89)
58.0
(2.28)
64.5
(2.54)
80.4
(3.17)
70.8
(2.79)
65.1
(2.56)
25.9
(1.02)
3.1
(0.12)
0.8
(0.03)
408.6
(16.08)
Average relative humidity (%) 41 42 45 47 55 63 67 66 69 63 49 42 54
Source: China Meteorological Administration[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "China Adds to Security Forces in Tibet Amid Calls for a Boycott" article by Edward Wong in The New York Times Feb. 18, 2009, accessed October 21, 2010
  2. ^ "China: Tibetan Students March To Protest Education Policies" article by Edward Wong in The New York Times October 21, 2010, accessed October 21, 2010
  3. ^ a b Lee-Smith, Mei W.; Wurm, Stephen A. (1996), "The Wutun language", in Wurm, Stephen A.; Mühlhäusler, Peter; Tyron, Darrell T. (eds.), Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas, Volume 2, Part 1. (Volume 13 of Trends in Linguistics, Documentation Series)., Walter de Gruyter, p. 883, ISBN 3-11-013417-9, International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-16. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]