Tongshan District

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Tongshan
铜山区
District
Tongshan is located in Jiangsu
Tongshan
Tongshan
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 34°18′28″N 117°15′24″E / 34.3077°N 117.2568°E / 34.3077; 117.2568Coordinates: 34°18′28″N 117°15′24″E / 34.3077°N 117.2568°E / 34.3077; 117.2568
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Xuzhou
Area
 • Total 2,088 km2 (806 sq mi)
Elevation 35 m (115 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 124,000
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)

Tongshan District (simplified Chinese: 铜山区; traditional Chinese: 銅山區; pinyin: Tóngshān Qū), formerly Tongshan County (simplified Chinese: 铜山县; traditional Chinese: 銅山縣; pinyin: Tóngshān Xiàn) is one of six districts of Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China, bordering Anhui and Shandong provinces. The district controls 8 subdistricts and 20 towns.

History[edit]

Tongshan was originally knows as Pengcheng County, the latter merged into Xuzhou during the Yuan dynasty and the Ming dynasty, also in the early Qing Dynasty. In 1733, as Xuzhou converted to a prefecture, it was separated from Xuzhou and renamed. Tongshan derives its name from a copper-filled island called "铜山" in the south of Weishan Lake, and its literal meaning is "copper-filled hill".

Tongshan was once a special county whose seat was located inside the prefecture city. It even became a synonym for Xuzhou after the Republic of China government abolished the prefecture as an administrative level in 1912,and became the seat of Xu-Hai Circuit in 1914. After Japanese captured Tongshan, they established Xuzhou as a city from its old urban area in 1939 with strategic consideration.

The county was abolished in 1952, but restored in the next year. Its seat was still located in the urban of Xuzhou at first, then moved to Damiao Town in 1958. But it removed to urban Kuishan in 1970, and finally is in Tongshan New Area since 1994, while some departments remain in Kuishan nowadays. In 2010, Tongshan converted into a district. Part of its region was transferred for Xuzhou as a result of urbanization in the past 60 years.

References[edit]