Tongwadian (Dali)

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Tongwadian
铜瓦殿
Jinding Temple.jpg
Surangama Pagoda in Jinding Temple.
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
DeityChan Buddhism
LeadershipShi Weisheng (释惟圣)
Location
LocationMount Jizu, Dali, Yunnan
CountryChina
Tongwadian (Dali) is located in Yunnan
Tongwadian (Dali)
Shown within Yunnan
Tongwadian (Dali) is located in China
Tongwadian (Dali)
Tongwadian (Dali) (China)
Geographic coordinates25°58′28″N 100°22′06″E / 25.974546°N 100.368258°E / 25.974546; 100.368258Coordinates: 25°58′28″N 100°22′06″E / 25.974546°N 100.368258°E / 25.974546; 100.368258
Architecture
StyleChinese architecture
Date establishedZhengtong period (1436–1449)

Tongwadian (simplified Chinese: 铜瓦殿; traditional Chinese: 銅瓦殿; pinyin: Tóngwǎdiàn; literally: 'Copper Tile Hall'), also known as Jinding Temple (金顶寺; 金頂寺; 'Gold Summit Temple'), is a Buddhist temple located on Mount Jizu, in Dali, Yunnan, China.[1]

History[edit]

The temple was originally built in the Zhengtong period (1436–1449) of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Because it located on the top of Mount Jizu, it also known as Gold Summit Temple.[1]

During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Śūraṅgama Pagoda was used as the navigation mark of The Hump.[2]

In 1966, Mao Zedong launched the ten-year Cultural Revolution, the temple was completely destroyed in this massive movement, only the main hall and Śūraṅgama Pagoda survived.[3]

It was inscribed to the National Key Buddhist Temple in Han Chinese Area List in 1983.[3]

A modern restoration of the entire temple complex was carried out in 2000 under the leadership of Shi Weisheng (释惟圣).[3]

Architecture[edit]

The existing main buildings include the Shanmen, Four Heavenly Kings Hall, Mahavira Hall, Bell tower, Drum tower, Buddhist Texts Library, and Śūraṅgama Pagoda.[3]

Śūraṅgama Pagoda[edit]

The thirteen storeys, 42-metre (138 ft) tall, quadrilateral-based Śūraṅgama Pagoda (楞严塔) was built in 1641 in the reign of Chongzhen Emperor in the late Ming dynasty (1638–1644). Its name is derived from Śūraṅgama Sūtra.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Zhang Yuhuan (2012), p. 242–244.
  2. ^ a b Zhang Yuhuan (2012), p. 244.
  3. ^ a b c d "Gold Summit Temple in Binchuan". sina. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Zhang Yuhuan (2012). "Gold Hall and Śūraṅgama Pagoda: Gold Summit Temple on Mount Jizu" 《铜铸金殿和楞严塔:鸡足山金顶寺》. 《图解中国著名佛教寺院》 [Illustration of Famous Buddhist Temples in China] (in Chinese). Beijing: Contemporary China Publishing House. ISBN 978-7-5154-0135-5.