Tongwynlais Village Square
|Tongwynlais shown within Cardiff|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Tongwynlais is located near Junction 32 of the M4 motorway, west to Bridgend and east to Newport, and the A470 trunk road, south to Cardiff and north to Pontypridd. It is situated 5 miles (8 km) north of Cardiff city centre and 7 miles (11 km) south of Pontypridd. The surrounding towns and villages are Pentyrch and Radyr to the west, Taffs Well and Caerphilly to the north, and Rhiwbina and Whitchurch to the south. Tongwynlais became part of Cardiff In 1974 when Cardiff expanded northwestwards.
Many consider Tongwynlais as the entrance to the South Wales Valleys from Cardiff, with its famous landmark, Castell Coch, on the hillside. The main route to the Valleys, and beyond to Mid Wales, the A470, runs alongside the village. The village is surrounded by a large forest called Forest Fawr which is run by the Forestry Commission. Tongwynlais is separated from the rest of Cardiff by the M4 and the A470 to the south and west and hills and forestry to the east. Tongwynlais is considered to be part of the Cardiff North Rural Area.
Tongwynlais - Believed to have obtained its name from the word Ton meaning field and Gwynlais being a local family. (Field of Gwynlais)
The Cardiff Railway once ran through Tongwynlais. It passed through a tunnel just beneath Castell Coch. Tongwynlais railway station opened in 1911 and closed in 1931. The nearest station on the Coryton Line is Coryton railway station. Radyr railway station is also nearby.
- National Assembly
- Tongwynlais is in the Cardiff North constituency for the National Assembly for Wales, currently represented by Julie Morgan AM, a member of the Welsh Labour Party.
- Houses of Parliament
- Cardiff North is currently represented by Craig Williams MP, a member of the Conservative Party.
- Local Government
- Tongwynlais is part of the Whitchurch & Tongwynlais electoral ward of Cardiff City Council and is represented by David Groves, Jonathan Evans, Chris Davis and Benjamin Thomas all of the Labour Party. In addition, Tongwynlais is also governed by a community council.
Tongwynlais' most notable building is the Victorian era folly castle called Castell Coch English: Red Castle which is open to the public. It was built on top of the ruins of a 13th century castle thought to belong to Ifor Bach, a local Welsh ruler. It was rebuilt and transformed in the late 1870s into a fantasy castle by William Burges for the 3rd Marquess of Bute.
Places of worship
- St Michael and All Angels, Tongwynlais (Church of Wales)
- Ainon Baptist Church
- Bethesda United Reformed Church
There were once two other chapels in the village (both Nonconformist), which have since closed and been converted into private residences.
The band RocketGoldStar wrote a song about the village, recording it on their 1996 album. They recorded it for a BBC Radio 1 Maida Vale Session. Tongwynlais Brass Band has been in existence since the 19th century and continues to compete in national competitions as well as performing concerts. Castell Coch Choral Society also does a lot of charitable work and has recently performed in the Czech Republic.
- "2001 Census for Tongwynlais". Retrieved 2008-06-10.
- Lon Las Cymru - south. Sustrans. 2003. ISBN 1-901389-40-5.
- Cambrian Archaeological Association (1859). Archaeologia Cambrensis. W. Pickering. p. 113.
- Archaeologia Cambrensis Digitalised. Retrieved 2008-07-06.
- "A History of Rocketgoldstar's "Tongwynlais"". Tongwynlais.com. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
Hutton, J. An Illustrated History of Cardiff Docks. Volume 3: The Cardiff Railway Company and the docks at war. Silver Link 2009