Toni Packer (1978)
|Died||23 August 2013 aged 86|
Livingston County Center for Nursing in Mt Morris, NY.
|Known for||Meditative inquiry|
Toni Packer (April, 1927 – August 23, 2013) was a teacher of "meditative inquiry", and the founder of Springwater Center. Packer was a former student in the Sanbo Kyodan lineage of Zen Buddhism, and was previously in line to be the successor of Phillip Kapleau at the Rochester Zen Center.
Toni Packer was born in Berlin, Germany in 1927. Her family was Lutheran in name only, as they endeavored not to divulge the fact that her mother was of Jewish descent. It was in her childhood, growing up amidst the turmoil of Nazi Germany, that Packer first developed mistrust for authority. The family eventually made a move to Switzerland, where she married her husband Kyle Packer in 1950. The pair moved to New York near the State University of New York at Buffalo, where Kyle came to earn a degree in psychology. Toni began reading the pioneering works about Zen Buddhism by Alan Watts, D. T. Suzuki and Philip Kapleau. It was the latter which had the greatest impact on her, and she soon joined the nearby Rochester Zen Center with her husband.
Throughout the 1970s she accepted minor teaching positions at Rochester, and in 1981 she ran the center for an extended period in Kapleau's absence. During this time she instituted many changes in the practice there; for example, she discontinued wearing the abbreviated Buddhist robe called a rakusu, worn in some Japanese Zen circles to distinguish more advanced practitioners.
Packer left the Center shortly after Kapleau's return and ceased calling herself a Buddhist. Her eventual departure from Zen Buddhism was due to her ever-increasing resentment of all organized religion: all received doctrines, all rituals, all traditions. Her rebellion against religion was inspired by Krishnamurti, who had himself rebelled against Theosophy. She took most of her students with her when she was excommunicated and exiled from the Rochester Zen Center, immediately founding her own "non-religion" of "meditative inquiry" (which is, simply, paying full and undivided attention to the present moment).
In 1981 she founded the Genesee Valley Zen Center, in Rochester, New York. In 1986 the center relocated and changed its name, dropping the word Zen to become the Springwater Center for Meditative Inquiry and Retreats in Springwater, New York. The Springwater Center is incorporated under New York State law as a religious institution.
Packer has rejected labels for herself such as a teacher or authority, though some of the individuals she has asked to carry on her work do not.[a] The word "Zen" was dropped from the Center's name as a result of Packer's move away from Japanese Zen Buddhist traditions.
Packer has been described as "...a Zen teacher minus the 'Zen' and minus the 'teacher,'" emphasizing the importance of meditative inquiry without practicing Buddhism. Though stripped of rituals, Packer still found the practice of zazen to be useful.
- Packer, T (1990). The Work of This Moment. Shambhala Publications. ISBN 0-87773-536-0.
- Packer, T (1995). The Light of Discovery. Charles E. Tuttle. ISBN 0-8048-3063-0.
- Packer, T (1995). Seeing Without Knowing & What Is Meditative Inquiry?. Springwater Center. OCLC 35850237.
- Packer, T (2002). The Wonder of Presence and the Way of Meditative Inquiry. Shambhala Publications. ISBN 1-57062-875-0.
- Packer, T (2007). The Silent Question: Meditating in the Stillness of Not-Knowing. Shambhala Publications. ISBN 1-59030-410-1.
- Jiddu Krishnamurti
- David Bohm
- Buddhism in the United States
- Buddhism in the West
- Timeline of Zen Buddhism in the United States
- Advaita Vedanta
- as evidenced on the Springwater Center web site
- "Remembering meditation teacher Toni Packer (1927 – 2013)". Lion's Roar. August 24, 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- Ford, James Ishmael (2006). Zen Master Who?: A Guide to the People and Stories of Zen. Wisdom Publications. pp. 159–62. ISBN 0-86171-509-8.
- Coleman, James William (2001). The New Buddhism: The Western Transformation of an Ancient Tradition. Oxford University Press. pp. 82. ISBN 0-19-515241-7.
- Kraft, Kenneth (1988). Zen: Tradition and Transition. Grove Press. pp. 195. ISBN 0-8021-3162-X.
- Smith, Huston; Novak, Philip (2004). Buddhism: A Concise Introduction. HarperCollins. p. 159. ISBN 0-06-073067-6.
- Prebish, Charles S.; Baumann, Martin (2002). Westward Dharma: Buddhism Beyond Asia. University of California Press. pp. 227–228. ISBN 0-520-22625-9.