Toni Sailer

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Toni Sailer
— Alpine skier —
Stig Sollander, Tony Sailer and Chiharu Chick Igaya 1956 - Sailer cropped.jpg
Sailer in 1956
Disciplines Downhill, Giant Slalom,
Slalom, Combined
Club Kitzbühel Ski Club
Born (1935-11-17)17 November 1935
Kitzbühel, Tyrol, Austria
Died 24 August 2009(2009-08-24) (aged 73)
Innsbruck, Tyrol, Austria
Height 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)[1]
Retired 1959 (age 23)
Olympics
Teams 1 – (1956)
Medals 3 (3 gold)
World Championships
Teams 3 – (1954, 1956, 1958)
    includes Olympics
Medals 8 (7 gold)

Anton Engelbert "Toni" Sailer (17 November 1935 – 24 August 2009) was an Austrian alpine ski racer, considered among the best in the sport. At age 20, he won all three gold medals in alpine skiing at the 1956 Winter Olympics.[1][2] He nearly duplicated the feat at the 1958 World Championships with two golds and a silver.[3] He also won world titles both years in the combined, then a "paper" race, but awarded with medals by the International Ski Federation (FIS).

Career[edit]

Born and raised in Kitzbühel in Tyrol, Sailer was nicknamed "Blitz from Kitz" (Blitz = German word for "bolt of lightning" or "flash").[2] A phenomenon as a teenager, he won the downhill and combined at the Grand Prix at Megève in 1952 at age 16. A broken leg caused him to miss the 1953 season and kept him from performing well at the World Championships in 1954.[4] He returned to championship form in 1955 at age 19 and the following year became the first to win all three alpine skiing events at the Olympics, taking gold in the downhill, slalom, and giant slalom by large margins at Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy, in 1956.[5] He was the fifth athlete to win three gold medals in the same Olympic games, and became the most successful athlete at the 1956 Winter Olympics. The Super-G event did not exist until the 1980s, added to the Olympics in 1988. Through 2014, Sailer remains the youngest male gold medalist in Olympic alpine skiing.

From 1948 through 1980, Olympic alpine ski events doubled as the FIS World Championships, therefore the Olympic champion in any event was also the world champion. The combined event was dropped after 1948 to make way for the giant slalom in 1950. No Olympic medals were awarded for the combined event from 1952 through 1984, but it was an FIS world championship from 1954 through 1980. During this era, it was conducted as a "paper" race, using the results of the three events. A stand-alone combined event returned to the world championships in 1982 and to the Olympics in 1988, with one run of downhill and two runs of slalom.

Two years after the 1956 Olympics, Sailer won three gold medals and one silver at the 1958 World Championships in Bad Gastein, Austria. He won five of six possible Olympic/World Championship races, missing a perfect record with a silver in the Bad Gastein slalom, seven-tenths of a second back. Sailer also repeated as champion in the combined for a seventh world title in two years. Due to controversy over his amateur status after receiving compensation for acting (and skiing) in movies, he retired from ski racing competition in 1959.[6][7]

After racing[edit]

Sailer's business interests including ski clothing and equipment, including the first successful fiberglass skis, made in Montreal, Canada.[7][8] From 1957–71, he appeared in a handful of movies, most of them shallow comedies at least partly set in alpine regions, with Sailer showing off his talent. From 1972–76, he was chief trainer and technical director of the Austrian Skiing Association (ÖSV). During the 1960s and 1970s, he ran a summer ski camp at Whistler in western Canada.[9] Occasionally, as late as 2003 he was noted for appearing in a number of TV episodes or made for TV movies.[10] He also sang professionally for a time, made 18 record albums.[11]

Sailer, although not associated with any political party, announced in January 2004 that he would run for Mayor of Kitzbühel. A few weeks later he withdrew his candidature, saying he had only now realized that being mayor was a full-time job. In 2006 he announced his retirement as chief of race of the Hahnenkamm Race, a position which he had occupied for 20 years.[12]

Honors[edit]

Sailer was named Austrian Sportspersonality of the year in 1956, 1957, and 1958,[13] and "Austrian Sportspersonality of the Century" in 1999. On 16 September 1958, he was featured on the cover of Bravo magazine.[14][15]

For his contribution to the Olympic Movement, the International Olympic Committee awarded him the Olympic Order in 1985.

Personal life[edit]

Sailer married Gaby Rummeny in 1976 in Vancouver; she died of cancer in 2000. His second marriage, to Hedwig Fischer, lasted from 2006 until his death.[2][16] His son Florian (by Rummeny) also survives him.[17]

Death[edit]

It was announced in January 2008 that Sailer had laryngeal cancer, for which he had been undergoing chemotheraphy in the preceding months.[18] He died of cancer in Innsbruck, aged 73, in 2009, and was buried in Kitzbühel. His funeral ceremonies took place near the Hahnenkamm finish line.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rospigliosi, William (February 13, 1956). "Beau of Cortina". Sports Illustrated: 20. 
  2. ^ a b c Litsky, Frank (August 26, 2009). "Toni Sailer, record-setting gold medal skier, dies at 73". New York Times. p. A21. 
  3. ^ Wernick, Robert (February 17, 1958). "Bad day at Bad Gastein". Sports Illustrated: 40. 
  4. ^ Williams, Eric (September 15, 2009). "The end of an era, Toni Sailer dead at 73". Ski Racing. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Toni Sailer dies at 73; Austrian skier won all 3 Alpine golds at '56 Olympics". Los Angeles Times. staff and wire reports. August 26, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Toni Sailer ranked No. 1 in skiing". Pittsburgh Press. UPI. January 4, 1959. p. 2, section 4. 
  7. ^ a b Ball, Robert (November 21, 1960). "Racing toward riches". Sports Illustrated: 50. 
  8. ^ Morrill, Greg (February 13, 2011). "Sailer Skis". RetroSki. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 
  9. ^ Verschoth, Anita (June 1, 1981). "Olympic hero Toni Sailer teaches ski racing atop a canadian glacier". Sports Illustrated: 6. 
  10. ^ IMDb bio
  11. ^ Toni Sailer: Olympic skiing champion of grace and power who went on to a career in films and pop music The Independent, Retrieved 2010-04-20
  12. ^ Carlson, Michael (31 August 2009). "Toni Sailer: Olympic skiing champion of grace and power who went on to a career in films and pop music". The Independent. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  13. ^ Sportswoman/man of the year in the Aeiou Encyclopedia (German)
  14. ^ "BRAVO 38/58, 16.09.1958". Bravo. Retrieved 2009-01-26. 
  15. ^ Williams, Richard (31 August 2009). "Obituary: Toni Sailer". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 February 2014. 
  16. ^ Skilegende Toni Sailer ist tot
  17. ^ Toni Sailer: "Wenn der Tod kommt, dann kommt er"
  18. ^ Toni Sailer hat Kehlkopfkrebs
  19. ^ Rugh, Pete (August 27, 2009). "Sailer funeral set at Hahnenkamm finish". Ski Racing. Retrieved February 28, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Austria Gerhard Hanappi
Austrian Sportsman of the Year
1956–1958
Succeeded by
Austria Karl Schranz