Tonk, India

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Tonk district.
Golden City
Nickname(s): Nawabon Ka Shehar
Tonk is located in Rajasthan
Coordinates: 26°10′N 75°47′E / 26.17°N 75.78°E / 26.17; 75.78Coordinates: 26°10′N 75°47′E / 26.17°N 75.78°E / 26.17; 75.78
Country India
State Rajasthan
District Tonk
Elevation 289 m (948 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 135,663
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Tonk is a town in the Indian state of Rajasthan. The town is situated 95 km (60 mi) by road south from Jaipur, near the right bank of the Banas River. It is the administrative headquarters of Tonk District. Tonk was also the capital of the eponymous princely state of British India from 1817 to 1947.


In the 2011 Indian census,[1] Tonk had a population of 165,363, 48% female. 14% is under age six. Tonk has an average literacy rate of 69.47%, 78.7% in males, and 59.85% in females.


During the regime of Nawabs, the natives were invited to an Islamic function of Milad-un-nabi without regard to caste, color or creed. It was organised by the ruling Nawabs for a period of seven days in the month of Rabi al-awwal.

The founding ruler of Tonk was Nawab Mohammed Amir Khan. Tonk was known as Samwad Lakshya in the Mahabharat period. In the Mauryan regime, it was under the Mouryas and then it was merged into Malvas. Most of the period was under Harsh Vardhan. According to Hevan Sang, visitor to China, it was under Bairath State. In the regime of the Rajputs, this state was under Chavras, Solankis, Kachvahs, Sisodiyas and Chouhans. Later, it was under the regime of King Holkar and Sindhia.

In 1806, Amir Khan conquered it, taking it from Balvant Rao Holkar. The British government cpatured it in turn. Under the treaty of 1817, the British government returned it to Amir Khan. Tonk was founded in 1818 by an Afghan military leader who was granted land by the ruler of Indore.

Religions in Tonk
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

See also[edit]


External links[edit]