Tonopah, Arizona

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Tonopah, Arizona
Location of Tonopah in Maricopa County, Arizona.
Location of Tonopah in Maricopa County, Arizona.
Tonopah, Arizona is located in the US
Tonopah, Arizona
Tonopah, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°29′37″N 112°56′14″W / 33.49361°N 112.93722°W / 33.49361; -112.93722Coordinates: 33°29′37″N 112°56′14″W / 33.49361°N 112.93722°W / 33.49361; -112.93722
CountryUnited States
StateArizona
CountyMaricopa
Established1929
Area
 • Total1.37 sq mi (3.54 km2)
 • Land1.37 sq mi (3.54 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,490 ft (450 m)
Population
 • Total60
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
N/A
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)N/A
ZIP code
85354
Area code(s)623 and 928
FIPS code04-74540

Tonopah /ˈtnˌpɑː/ is a census-designated place in western Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, approximately 50 miles (80 km) west of downtown Phoenix off Interstate 10. The community is near the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station, the largest power producer in the country, nuclear or otherwise.

It is located on the Tonopah Desert. Many wells in Tonopah are warm, in the 70 °F (21 °C) to 95 °F (35 °C) range and many are hot; 110 °F (43 °C) to 120 °F (49 °C) wells are common. Prior to being called Tonopah, the settlement was known as Lone Peak.

The area is also known to have been inhabited by groups of people for resource gathering area of the Hohokam, Patayan, and Yavapai Indians.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 60 people residing in the CDP. The population density was 1.13 people per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 86.67% White, 1.67% Native American, 3.33% Asian, and 8.33% from other races. 23.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Schools[edit]

  • Ruth Fisher Elementary
  • Tonopah Valley High School

Incorporation efforts[edit]

In 2009, a political action committee named Tonopah United for Our Future (TUFF) filed paperwork with the county, proposing the incorporation of the area into a town.[5] The proposal ran into difficulties when the neighboring town of Buckeye voted to publicly oppose the measure. State law forbids the incorporation of a new city or town within a specified distance of existing municipalities without their approval,[6] and the proposed boundaries for Tonopah would abut the corporate boundaries of Buckeye, essentially giving Buckeye veto power over any incorporation efforts. In 2003, Buckeye had passed a measure approving of any future incorporation effort by Tonopah, but the current town council rescinded the measure, citing concerns that the proposal would extend the new town's boundaries east of the Hassayampa River and into area Buckeye intends to annex.[7] Council members did indicate that they were open to future incorporation efforts using the river as a boundary.

Residents also expressed concern that the proposal was too ambitious and that the new town would be incapable of managing the 100 square miles (260 km2) of land included in the proposal. Geographically it would be among the largest in the state, while estimates placed the population of the proposed town at approximately 6,000. Additionally, a number of residents opposed the plan because they believed large tax increases would be necessary to fund a new government.

Ultimately the measure was defeated on March 10, 2009, by a vote of 523 against incorporation versus 356 in support.[8]

Belmont[edit]

In November 2017, media outlets reported that a company associated with billionaire Bill Gates purchased 24,800 acres (100 km2) between Buckeye and Tonopah for $80 million. Gates's company plans to create a "smart city" called Belmont on the site.[9]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tonopah, Arizona (Elevation 1,300ft)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
91
(33)
98
(37)
105
(41)
115
(46)
121
(49)
119
(48)
117
(47)
113
(45)
104
(40)
94
(34)
87
(31)
121
(49)
Average high °F (°C) 65.7
(18.7)
70.7
(21.5)
76.0
(24.4)
85.5
(29.7)
94.4
(34.7)
103.8
(39.9)
106.8
(41.6)
104.5
(40.3)
99.2
(37.3)
88.3
(31.3)
75.4
(24.1)
66.2
(19)
86.4
(30.2)
Average low °F (°C) 36.8
(2.7)
40.1
(4.5)
43.4
(6.3)
50.5
(10.3)
59.7
(15.4)
67.9
(19.9)
77.0
(25)
75.6
(24.2)
67.1
(19.5)
55.1
(12.8)
43.2
(6.2)
36.5
(2.5)
54.4
(12.4)
Record low °F (°C) 17
(−8)
22
(−6)
23
(−5)
26
(−3)
41
(5)
49
(9)
60
(16)
54
(12)
42
(6)
35
(2)
16
(−9)
14
(−10)
14
(−10)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.08
(27.4)
0.88
(22.4)
0.75
(19)
0.27
(6.9)
0.05
(1.3)
0.06
(1.5)
0.62
(15.7)
1.18
(30)
0.57
(14.5)
0.44
(11.2)
0.61
(15.5)
1.13
(28.7)
7.63
(193.8)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center[10]

In popular culture[edit]

The chorus of the song "Willin'" by Lowell George of Little Feat on the albums Little Feat, Sailin' Shoes and Waiting for Columbus refers to either Tonopah, Arizona or Tonopah, Nevada:

And I've been from Tucson to Tucumcari, Tehachapi to Tonopah.

I've driven every kind of rig that's ever been made;
driven the backroads so I wouldn't get weighed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  4. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST13&prodType=table
  5. ^ Graf, Eric (March 7, 2009). "Vote to incorporate Tonopah likely to be challenged". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved June 12, 2009.
  6. ^ "§9-101.01". Arizona Revised Statutes. Retrieved June 21, 2008.
  7. ^ Graf, Eric (February 6, 2009). "Buckeye says 'No' to Tonopah as a town". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved June 12, 2009.
  8. ^ "Election Results : March 2009 Election". The Arizona Republic. March 10, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2009.
  9. ^ "Bill Gates invests $80 million to build Arizona smart city," http://money.cnn.com/2017/11/13/technology/future/bill-gates-smart-city-arizona/index.html, accessed 16 Jan 2018
  10. ^ "Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Information". Western Regional Climate Center. Retrieved November 18, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Barnes, Will C., Byrd H. Granger, (ed.), Arizona's Names : X Marks the Place, (Falconer: 1983). ISBN 0-918080-18-5