Tony Clarke (activist)
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Tony Clarke (born 1944) is a Canadian activist. He grew up in Chilliwack, British Columbia, graduating from Chilliwack Senior Secondary School in 1962. He was class president. He studied at the University of British Columbia and did graduate work at the University of Chicago, obtaining a PhD in the history of religion. He presented a dissertation titled The Color Line and the American Metropolis: A Search for a Form of Ministry in the Aftermath of the Civil Rights Movement in Chicago (1974). After Chicago, he worked for the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops for 21 years, serving as Director of Social Policy.
Clarke was the chair of the Action Canada Network, a coalition of labor groups and activists to lead the battle against the 1987 Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement. These activists joined forces with anti-free traders from Mexico and the United States to oppose the North American Free Trade Agreement. As a result of his leadership role in the anti-free trade movement, Clarke was fired from the Conference of Bishops. As a response to his firing, Clarke wrote Behind the Mitre: The Moral Leadership Crisis in the Canadian Catholic Church (Toronto: HarperCollins, 1995), analyzing the role of the Catholic Church and Church-State relations in the previous two decades.
In the years since leaving the Conference of Bishops, Clarke has continued his activism, working closely with Maude Barlow of the Council of Canadians. In 1997 he formed the Polaris Institute., and led the campaigns against the Multilateral Agreement on Investment, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the World Trade Organization.
Clarke has authored several books:
- Behind the Mitre: The Moral leadership Crisis in the Canadian Catholic Church (1995);
- Silent Coup:Confronting the Big Business Takeover of Canada (1997);
- MAI: The Multilateral Agreement on Investment & the Threat to Canadian Sovereignty (1997) with Maude Barlow;
- MAI: The Multilateral Agreement on Investment & the Threat to American Democracy (1998) with Maude Barlow;
- MAI Round 2: New Global And Internal Threats To Canadian Sovereignty' (1998) with Maude Barlow;
- Global Showdown: How the new Activists are Fighting Global Corporate Rule' (2001) with Maude Barlow;
- Challenging McWorld (2001 with Sara Dopp; revised and updated 2006)
- Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World's Water (2003) with Maude Barlow;
- Inside the Bottle: Exposing the Bottled Water Industry (2005 revised and updated in 2007).
- Tar Sands Showdown: Canada and the New politics of Oil in an Age of Climate Change. (2008)