Tony Evers

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Tony Evers
Tony Evers (cropped).jpg
46th Governor of Wisconsin
Assumed office
January 7, 2019
LieutenantMandela Barnes
Preceded byScott Walker
26th Superintendent of Public Instruction of Wisconsin
In office
July 6, 2009 – January 7, 2019
GovernorJim Doyle
Scott Walker
Preceded byElizabeth Burmaster
Succeeded byCarolyn Stanford Taylor
Personal details
Born
Anthony Steven Evers

(1951-11-05) November 5, 1951 (age 69)
Plymouth, Wisconsin, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Kathy Evers
Children3
ResidenceGovernor's Mansion
EducationUniversity of Wisconsin, Madison (BA, MA, PhD)
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website

Anthony Steven Evers (born November 5, 1951) is an American politician and educator who has served as the 46th governor of Wisconsin since January 7, 2019.[1][2] A member of the Democratic Party, Evers previously served as the Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction for ten years.[3]

Born and raised in Plymouth, Wisconsin, Evers was educated at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, eventually receiving a Ph.D. After working as a schoolteacher for several years, he became a school administrator, serving as a principal and, later, district superintendent. Evers first ran for Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1993 and again in 2001, losing both elections. Evers was instead appointed deputy superintendent, a position he served in from 2001 to 2009. In 2009, he ran for Superintendent of Public Instruction again, this time winning. He was reelected twice, in 2013 and 2017.

On August 23, 2017, Evers announced his candidacy for governor of Wisconsin, challenging two-term Republican incumbent Scott Walker. Walker was seen as a vulnerable incumbent and had been criticized for his education policies. Evers won the Democratic primary in August 2018. Former state representative Mandela Barnes won the primary for lieutenant governor, becoming Evers's running mate. The pair defeated the Scott Walker-Rebecca Kleefisch ticket in the general election.

Early life and career[edit]

Evers was born in 1951 in Plymouth, Wisconsin, the son of Jean (Gorrow) and Raymond Evers, a physician.[4][5][6] Evers attended Plymouth High School.[7] He earned bachelor's (1974), master's (1978), and doctoral degrees (1986) from the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[8] He began his professional career as a teacher and media coordinator in the Tomah school district. From 1979 to 1980 he was principal of Tomah Elementary School, and from 1980 to 1984 he was principal of Tomah High School. From 1984 to 1988 Evers was superintendent of the Oakfield school district, and from 1988 to 1992 he was superintendent of the Verona school district. From 1992 to 2001 he was administrator of the Cooperative Education Service Agency (CESA) in Oshkosh.[9]

State Department of Public Instruction (2001–2019)[edit]

Evers first ran for state superintendent, a nonpartisan post, in 1993 and was defeated by John Benson. In 2001 he came in third in the primary to Elizabeth Burmaster. After her election, Burmaster appointed Evers Deputy Superintendent, a position he held until Burmaster was appointed president of Nicolet College.[10] Evers served as president of the Council of Chief State School Officers and from 2001 to 2009 was Wisconsin's Deputy Superintendent of Public Instruction.

State Superintendent[edit]

Evers then ran again in 2009, this time winning. He defeated Rose Fernandez in the general election.[11] In April 2013 Evers defeated Don Pridemore and won reelection.[12] In 2017 Evers defeated Republican candidate Lowell Holtz, a former Beloit superintendent, with about 70% of the vote.

In 2009 Evers used government email accounts for fundraising purposes.[13] He and another government employee were fined $250 each for soliciting campaign donations during work hours.[14][15]

In October 2018, a divided federal appeals court found that Evers had violated neither the U.S. Constitution's Free Exercise Clause nor its Establishment Clause when he denied busing to an independent Catholic school because there was a nearby archdiocesan school.[16][17]

Student mental health[edit]

In 2017 Evers secured increased state investment in order to increase the number of trained professionals in schools and more funding for mental health training and cross-sector collaboration.[18]

Relations with Tribal Nations[edit]

As Superintendent, Evers worked with the Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council and the federally recognized tribal nations in Wisconsin to begin an MOU process with each tribal nation to outline the working partnership the state seeks to establish and grow with each sovereign nation.[19]

Funding formula proposal[edit]

Evers proposed the "Fair Funding for Our Future" school finance reform plan.[20] The plan sought to address some of the challenges with the Wisconsin school funding system and proposed changes to ensure equity and transparency in the quality of Wisconsin schools. Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker never included Evers's plan in his proposed state budgets, citing the cost.[21][22]

Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)[edit]

In March 2016 the United States Department of Education announced that Evers had been selected to serve on the Negotiated Rulemaking Committee for Title 1, Part A of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The federal committee was charged with drafting proposed regulations for two areas of the ESSA.[23]

Evers delivering the 2012 "State of Education Address" in the Wisconsin Capitol Rotunda

Sparsity Aid[edit]

Sparsity aid was enacted in Wisconsin based on recommendations from Evers's Rural Schools Advisory Council. The council stressed that declining enrollment and escalating fixed costs put added pressure on small, sparsely populated districts. Since it was implemented, hundreds of school districts have benefitted from sparsity aid.[24]

Governor of Wisconsin (2019–present)[edit]

2018 gubernatorial campaign[edit]

On August 23, 2017, Evers announced that he would seek the Democratic nomination for governor of Wisconsin in 2018.[25] He cited his 2017 reelection as state superintendent with over 70% of the vote, as well as his criticism of Governor Walker, as key reasons for deciding to run. Evers launched his first campaign advertisement against Walker on August 28, 2017.[26] Evers won the eight-candidate Democratic primary on August 14, 2018.[27] On November 6, 2018, Evers defeated Walker in the general election.

Tenure[edit]

After the 2018 election, the Republican-controlled Wisconsin Legislature met in a lame-duck session and, three weeks before Evers took office, passed legislation to reduce the powers of the incoming governor and attorney general. The legislature also enacted legislation to restrict voting rights, including limits on early voting in Wisconsin and restrictions on the use of student identification cards as acceptable identification for voters. Walker signed all the legislation into law, over Evers's strong objections.[28][29] The move was "widely criticized as a power play"[28] and challenged as unconstitutional in four lawsuits variously filed by Evers, other Wisconsin Democrats, and labor unions.[30] The changes to Wisconsin voting laws were struck down by a federal court.[28]

In February 2019 Evers withdrew Wisconsin National Guard forces from the border with Mexico, where President Donald Trump had called for a "national emergency." Evers said, "There is simply not ample evidence to support the president's contention that there exists a national security crisis at our Southwestern border. Therefore, there is no justification for the ongoing presence of Wisconsin National Guard personnel at the border."[31]

In February 2019 Evers's administration prepared a budget proposal that included proposals to legalize the medical use of marijuana for patients with certain conditions, upon the recommendation from a physician or practitioner. Evers also proposed to decriminalize the possession or distribution of 25 grams or less of marijuana in Wisconsin and to repeal the requirement that users of cannabidiol obtain a physician's certification every year. Evers's marijuana proposals were opposed by Republican leaders in the Legislature.[32]

In March 2019 Evers replaced 82 appointments that Walker made in December 2018 (during the lame-duck legislative session) after a Wisconsin judge ruled that the confirmation of those appointees during the lame-duck legislative session violated the Wisconsin constitution.[33]

As of August 2019, Evers had a 54% approval rating among Wisconsin residents.[34] As of November 2019, his approval rating was 47%.[35]

Recall effort[edit]

In August 2020, a petition was started to trigger a recall election in 2020. Under Wisconsin law, a recall election can be triggered if a petition has a number of signatures equal to 25% of the vote in the last gubernatorial election.[36] In a recall election, Evers would be placed on the ballot in 2020 against potential challengers, two years earlier than would normally be required.[37] The petition's organizers said their top reasons for trying to recall Evers were dissatisfaction over his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic in Wisconsin and his handling of the violence related to the police shooting of Jacob Blake.[38] The recall effort failed as the organizers failed to gather the required number of signatures in the required amount of time.[39]

COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

On March 12, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Evers declared a public health emergency in the state.[40] The next day, he ordered all schools in the state to close by March 18, with no possibility of reopening until at least April 6.[41] On March 17, Evers instituted a statewide ban on public gatherings of more than 10 people, following an advisory from the federal government.[42][43] This was expanded to a statewide "safer at home" on March 25, originally set to expire on April 25, with people allowed to leave their homes only for essential business and exercise.[44] A poll conducted between March 24 and 29 gave Evers an approval rating of 65%, up 14% in one month, and also showed that 76% of voters approved of his handling of the pandemic.[45]

On April 6, Evers issued an executive order to delay the state's April 7 presidential primary, as well as other coinciding elections. The move came in response to inaction by legislative Republicans to delay or otherwise modify the in-person election despite the widely perceived risk of worsening the spread of the virus if the election went ahead as planned. Evers had said on April 2 that he had no legal authority to issue such an order, and Republican leaders in the legislature used his own words against him when challenging the order in court.[46] A conservative majority on the Wisconsin Supreme Court blocked the executive order just hours after it was issued on April 6, and the election took place as scheduled on April 7.[46]

On April 16, Evers ordered an extension of the statewide lockdown to May 26, and mandated all schools in the state to remain closed through the end of the academic year.[47] The legislature promptly sued to block the order, and the Wisconsin Supreme Court's conservative majority ultimately struck it down on May 13, following the expiration of Evers's initial state of emergency.[48][49][50] Evers responded to the suit by accusing legislative Republicans of a "power grab", and said they cared more about political power than people's lives. Republicans have called the extension an "abuse of power."[51]

On April 20, Evers announced a recovery plan called the "Badger Bounce Back," laying out details of his plan for reopening Wisconsin's economy gradually as the pandemic subsides. The plan calls for daily death tolls from the virus to drop for 14 continuous days before "phase one" can be initiated.[52]

Shooting of Jacob Blake[edit]

On August 24, 2020, Evers deployed the Wisconsin National Guard to Kenosha following riots that occurred in the aftermath of the shooting of Jacob Blake.[53] Looting, damage and destruction to vehicles, businesses and public facilities such as some local schools, the Dinosaur Discovery Museum and a public library were reported in Kenosha during the unrest.[54][55][56] He also issued a statement denouncing the excessive use of force by police and invoking the names of African Americans killed by law enforcement.[57] Evers said, "While we do not have all of the details yet, what we know for certain is that he is not the first Black man or person to have been shot or injured or mercilessly killed at the hands of individuals in law enforcement in our state or our country."[58]

Evers also responded to the shooting by calling Wisconsin state lawmakers into a special session to pass legislation addressing police brutality.[59]

Political positions[edit]

Evers has said his top priorities are improving the Wisconsin public school system, making health care more affordable and fixing Wisconsin's roads and bridges.[60]

Education[edit]

Evers supports directing more funding towards K-12 education and would like to work with Republicans to do more to help underperforming schools.[61] He would like to expand Pre-K education to all students and continue the freeze of the in-state tuition price for higher education.[60]

Health care[edit]

Evers has said that Scott Walker's decisions regarding health care in Wisconsin led to higher insurance premiums for residents.[62] He has pointed out that Minnesota accepted a Medicaid expansion and has been more proactive about healthcare overall, resulting in 47% lower insurance premiums than Wisconsin's.[63] Evers supports legislation that would protect residents from being charged higher costs for health insurance due to old age or preexisting conditions. He also supports allowing children to stay on their parents' health insurance plans until the age of 26.[64] He plans to remove Wisconsin from a national lawsuit that seeks to overturn the Affordable Care Act.[60]

Roads[edit]

Evers has cited studies showing that Wisconsin has some of the worst roads in the United States. He ran for governor on a promise to focus on improving roads and bridges, and has stated he is open to imposing a gas tax to fund the projects.[60]

Income taxes[edit]

Evers has proposed to cut income tax by 10% for Wisconsin residents who earn less than $100,000/year and families that earn less than $150,000/year. He would fund this by raising taxes on manufacturers and farmers with a turnover of over $300,000/year.[60]

Medical marijuana[edit]

Having campaigned on his support of cannabis in Wisconsin, Evers announced in January 2019 the inclusion of medical marijuana in his state budget as a "first step" towards legalization.[65] He also indicated support for recreational marijuana legalization, but prefers a statewide referendum on the issue.

Abortion[edit]

In April 2019, President Donald Trump claimed that Evers vetoed legislation that would prevent doctors from "executing" newborns.[66] The New York Times described the claim as "false", noting that Evers vetoed a Republican bill that would subject doctors to prison terms if they did not resuscitate newborns that were still alive after an abortion.[66] The New York Times noted that abortions after 20 weeks are extremely rare, and that infants are hardly ever born alive after an abortion attempt; doctors may, for example, induce birth when the mother's health is at risk, such as during pre-eclampsia. Under the Republican bill, the doctors would have been forced to undertake resuscitation efforts in such scenarios.[66]

Immigration[edit]

Evers supports permitting undocumented immigrants living in Wisconsin to obtain driver's licenses, and has called this position "common sense."[67]

In December 2019, in response to Trump's executive order requiring states' consent for refugee resettlement, Evers sent the administration a letter stating that Wisconsin would accept refugees, calling them "part of the fabric of [the] state", and criticizing Trump's refugee policies as "overly cumbersome and inappropriate."[68] In February 2020, Evers sent U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo a letter to asking him to halt negotiations with the government of Laos regarding deportations of Wisconsin's Hmong refugee population, who had previously been protected from deportation due to a long record of human rights violations in Laos.[69]

Gun control[edit]

Evers strongly supports universal background checks for purchases of guns. He has also supported an extreme risk protection order act, commonly known as a "red flag law," which would permit loved ones or police to petition to have an individual's guns taken away if a judge deems them a risk to themselves or others.[70]

LGBT rights[edit]

In June 2019, Evers issued an executive order to fly the rainbow flag at Wisconsin's Capitol Building for Pride month, making it the first time the rainbow flag had ever flown above the capitol.[71]

Gerrymandering[edit]

Evers has criticized Wisconsin's legislative maps as "some of the most gerrymandered, extreme maps in the United States," citing as evidence the fact that the state legislature has opposed policies such as legalizing marijuana or expanding Medicaid in spite of polls showing a majority of Wisconsinites support both.[72] In January 2020, he created a nonpartisan redistricting commission by executive order with the intent of drawing an alternative map proposal for post-2020 census redistricting to counter the proposal the Republican-controlled legislature has said it will put forward if the issue ends up in the state's court system, as it has under past periods of divided government in Wisconsin.[73]

Personal life[edit]

Tony and Kathy Evers

Evers is married to his high-school sweetheart, Kathy.[74] They have three adult children and seven grandchildren. Evers had esophageal cancer before undergoing intensive surgery in 2008.[75]

Electoral history[edit]

Superintendent of Public Instruction (2001, 2009, 2013, 2017)[edit]

Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction Election, 2001
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Primary Election, February 20, 2001[76]
Nonpartisan Linda Cross 58,258 23.18%
Nonpartisan Elizabeth Burmaster 55,327 22.01%
Nonpartisan Tony Evers 45,575 18.13%
Nonpartisan Jonathan Barry 36,135 14.38%
Nonpartisan Tom Balistreri 33,531 13.34%
Nonpartisan Dean Gagnon 15,261 6.07%
Nonpartisan Julie Theis 6,783 2.70%
Scattering 458 0.18%
Total votes 251,328 100.0%
Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction Election, 2009
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Primary Election, February 17, 2009[77]
Nonpartisan Tony Evers 89,883 34.99%
Nonpartisan Rose Fernandez 79,757 31.04%
Nonpartisan Van Mobley 34,940 13.60%
Nonpartisan Todd Price 28,927 11.26%
Nonpartisan Lowell Holtz 22,373 8.71%
Scattering 1,431 0.18% +0.06%
Total votes 256,909 100.0% +7.89%
General Election, April 7, 2009[78]
Nonpartisan Tony Evers 439,248 57.14%
Nonpartisan Rose Fernandez 328,511 42.74%
Scattering 905 0.12% +0.02%
Total votes 768,664 100.0% +6.22%
Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction Election, 2013
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
General Election, April 2, 2013[79]
Nonpartisan Tony Evers (incumbent) 487,030 61.15% +4.01%
Nonpartisan Don Pridemore 308,050 38.67%
Scattering 1,431 0.18% +0.06%
Plurality 178,980 22.47%
Total votes 796,511 100.0% +3.62%
Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction Election, 2017
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Primary Election, February 21, 2017[80]
Nonpartisan Tony Evers (incumbent) 255,552 69.43%
Nonpartisan Lowell E. Holtz 84,398 22.93%
Nonpartisan John Humphries 27,066 7.35%
Nonpartisan Rick Melcher (Write-in) 377 0.10%
Scattering 703 0.19%
Total votes 368,096 100.0%
General Election, April 4, 2017[81]
Nonpartisan Tony Evers (incumbent) 494,793 69.86% +7.71%
Nonpartisan Lowell E. Holtz 212,504 30.00%
Nonpartisan Rick Melcher 62 0.01%
Scattering 930 0.13% -0.04%
Plurality 282,289 39.86% +17.39%
Total votes 708,289 100.0% -11.08%

Wisconsin Governor (2018)[edit]

Wisconsin Gubernatorial Election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Party Primary Election, August 14, 2018[82][83]
Democratic Tony Evers 225,082 41.77%
Democratic Mahlon Mitchell 87,926 16.32%
Democratic Kelda Roys 69,086 12.82%
Democratic Kathleen Vinehout 44,168 8.20%
Democratic Mike McCabe 39,885 7.40%
Democratic Matt Flynn 31,580 5.86%
Democratic Paul Soglin 28,158 5.23%
Democratic Andy Gronik 6,627 1.23%
Democratic Dana Wachs 4,216 0.78%
Democratic Josh Pade 1,908 0.35%
Write-ins 221 0.04%
Total votes 537,719 100.0% +72.29%
General Election, November 6, 2018[84][85]
Democratic Tony Evers 1,324,307 49.54% +2.95%
Republican Scott Walker (incumbent) 1,295,080 48.44% -3.82%
Libertarian Phil Anderson 20,255 0.76% N/A
Independent Maggie Turnbull 18,884 0.71% N/A
Green Michael White 11,087 0.41% N/A
Independent Arnie Enz 2,745 0.10% N/A
Write-ins 980 0.04% -0.02%
Total votes 2,673,308 100.0% +10.91%
Democratic gain from Republican

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Tomsyck, Teymour (October 12, 2018). "NRA campaign ad mispronounces name of Walker opponent Evers". WISC-TV. Retrieved October 20, 2018. His last name rhymes with weavers.
  3. ^ http://www.ccsso.org/Who_We_Are/Board_of_Directors.html
  4. ^ Matthew DeFour, Wisconsin State Journal. "Tony Evers: We have to have a governor that values education".
  5. ^ https://www.newyorker.com/news/dispatch/why-education-may-be-the-issue-that-breaks-republicans-decade-long-grip-on-wisconsin
  6. ^ http://www.sheboygansun.com/obits/obit-detail.asp?obID=151
  7. ^ "About Tony Evers". Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction. November 6, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
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  13. ^ Rodriguez, Aaron. "Breaking News on Tony Evers". The Hispanic Conservative. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
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  16. ^ Note, Recent Case: Seventh Circuit Holds Denial of Busing to Catholic School Under Wisconsin Statute Does Not Violate Free Exercise or Establishment Clauses, 132 Harv. L. Rev. 2344 (2019).
  17. ^ St. Augustine School v. Evers, 906 F.3d 591 (7th Cir. 2018).
  18. ^ Times, Steven Elbow | The Capital. "Tony Evers proposes 10-fold increase in school mental health funding". madison.com. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
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  43. ^ "White House advises public to avoid groups of more than 10". CNN. March 16, 2020. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
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  45. ^ "NEW MARQUETTE LAW SCHOOL POLL FINDS STRONG SUPPORT FOR CORONAVIRUS CLOSINGS, EVEN AS IT SHOWS SUBSTANTIAL ECONOMIC IMPACT". law.marquette.edu. April 1, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
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  67. ^ "Gov. Tony Evers says immigrant driver's license proposal 'common sense'". Today's TMJ4. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
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  69. ^ "Evers Calls On Trump Administration To Halt Negotiations On Hmong Deportations". Wisconsin Public Radio. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
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  80. ^ "Canvass Results for 2017 Spring Primary - 2/21/2017" (PDF). Wisconsin State Elections Board. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  81. ^ "Canvass Results for 2017 Spring Election - 4/4/2017" (PDF). Wisconsin State Elections Board. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  82. ^ "Wisconsin Primary Election Results". The New York Times. August 15, 2018. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  83. ^ Canvass Results for 2018 Partisan Primary - 8/14/2018 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Elections Commission. August 15, 2018. pp. 1–2. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  84. ^ Canvass Results for 2018 General Election - 11/6/2018 (PDF) (Report). Wisconsin Elections Commission. November 6, 2018. pp. 1–2. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
  85. ^ "Wisconsin Governor Election Results". The New York Times. November 6, 2018.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Elizabeth Burmaster
Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction
2009–2019
Succeeded by
Carolyn Stanford Taylor
Preceded by
Scott Walker
Governor of Wisconsin
2019–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mary Burke
Democratic nominee for Governor of Wisconsin
2018
Most recent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Pence
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Wisconsin
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Nancy Pelosi
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Kim Reynolds
as Governor of Iowa
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Wisconsin
Succeeded by
Gavin Newsom
as Governor of California