|Born||2 February 1933|
London, England, UK
|Died||13 August 2006 (aged 73)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Lung cancer|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills|
|Education||Pinner County Grammar School|
|Occupation||Actor, voice artist, singer|
|Notable work||Voice of Megabyte in ReBoot (1994–2001)|
Original voice of Judge Claude Frollo in Disney's The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996)
|Height||6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)|
|Spouse(s)||Kathy Rogers (1988–?)|
Marta MacGeraghty (2004–2006; his death)
A former member of the Royal Shakespeare Company, he was known for his voice work in radio, animation, film, and video games. Jay was particularly well known for his distinctive baritone voice, which often led to him being cast in villainous roles. He was best known as the voice of Judge Claude Frollo in Disney's The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996), Megabyte in ReBoot (1994–2001), Shere Khan in The Jungle Book 2 and the TV series TaleSpin, and the Elder God (plus various other roles) in the Legacy of Kain series of video games.
Jay also made many distinguished on-screen appearances, including the role of Nigel St John on Lois and Clark: The New Adventures of Superman (1993–1995). He further made guest appearances on programs including The Golden Girls in 1987, Twin Peaks in 1990-91, and Night Court in 1991. His most prominent onscreen role, however, is that of Professor Werner in Twins (1988), the father figure/mentor to Arnold Schwarzenegger's protagonist, Julius Benedict.
Early life and family
Tony Jay attended Pinner County Grammar School, and completed his National Service with the Royal Air Force in 1953. He later recalled, "I was always an actor at school"; but opted for the financial security of a real estate business. Jay moved to South Africa in about 1966, after hearing of the potential there for his line of work. He left South Africa to return to England in 1973, after which he moved to the United States in 1986.
While establishing his real estate business in England, Jay acted occasionally in amateur productions.
Within three months of relocating to South Africa at the age of 33, Jay found himself acting in radio dramas such as the detective series Sounds of Darkness where he played a savvy but blind FBI agent (1967-1972). The experience led him to decide to take acting up professionally.
Jay acted, wrote, and directed radio plays on the South African Broadcasting Corporation's first commercial radio station, Springbok Radio (1950–85). He was especially associated with the comic series Taxi! (1969-1972,1975-1978), in which he not only portrayed New York cabby Red Kowalski, but also co-wrote many scripts with Joe Stewardson. Other shows in which he was involved included Lux Radio Theatre, Playhouse 90, and Tuesday Theatre. Jay adapted, cast, and directed the first 6 months of episodes for The Avengers. The series, based on Seasons 4-6 of the 1960s British television series of the same name, was broadcast on Springbok from 6 December 1971 to 28 December 1973. To bridge the gap between the visual orientation of the British television series and the sound-only perspective of radio, Jay created a narrator which he embued with irony and scepticism.
After Jay's return to England in 1973 he worked in various television productions. For the BBC series Fall of Eagles (1974) he portrayed Tsar Alexander III of Russia, during which time he met Patrick Stewart, who played Vladimir Lenin. Jay appeared as the merchant in Shakespeare's Timon of Athens (1981) for BBC Shakespeare, and in single episodes of popular television programmes such as The Sweeney (1975), The Professionals (1978) and the comedy Whoops Apocalypse (1982).
During this period he was cast as Vladimir Maximovitch in Woody Allen's Love and Death (1975), which was shot in Hungary and France. George Lucas met with Jay about playing Obi-Wan Kenobi in a planned film with the working title Galactic Warfare. Despite Jay agreeing to the role, Lucas decided to cast Alec Guinness, instead.
On stage he had a small roles in plays such as Anton Chekhov's The Three Sisters (1976) and Terence Rattigan's  The Deep Blue Sea (1981). More important roles followed with an appearance as Jaggers in Great Expectations (1984) at the Old Vic, and as Shylock in The Merchant of Venice.
After a tour of England, Nicholas Nickleby embarked on a limited tour of the United States, starting with performances in Los Angeles in June 1986, then on to Boston, Philadelphia, Washington, D.C. and New York City. "Even before I left England, I told friends I'd be staying if I got the chance," he recalled in a 1986 The New York Times interview.
During its run from August to October 1986 at the Broadhurst Theatre on Broadway, Jay's performance was described as "brilliantly played" by the New York Times. Consequently, he was nominated for the 1987 Drama Desk Award as Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play.
Jay's acting drew the attention of an agent who arranged for him to return from England to the United States for an audition. Jay was cast in a pilot program called Circus which was unsuccessful. On set Jay met make-up artist Kathy Rogers, who would become his second wife. He moved to the United States where he became a resident.
In addition, Jay won parts in television series such as Night Court (1991), The Golden Girls (1987), Twins (1988), and Eerie, Indiana (1991). Bigger roles included Paracelsus on the 1987 CBS TV series adaptation of Beauty and the Beast; Minister Campio on Star Trek: The Next Generation (1992); and Lex Luthor's villainous aide-de-camp Nigel St. John in Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman (1992–95).
Jay's voice-over work included Monsieur D'Arque, the amoral asylum superintendent, in Disney's 1991 hit animated film version of Beauty and the Beast. From 1994–2001 he supplied the voice for the virus Megabyte in the computer animated television show ReBoot. According to one source, Jay was preferred to Patrick Stewart, Derek Jacobi, Ian McKellen for the voice of Judge Claude Frollo in Disney's 1996 animated film adaptation of The Hunchback of Notre Dame, directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise, who had also steered his performance in the film version of Beauty and the Beast. Jay reprised Frollo's voice for Walt Disney World's nighttime light and fireworks show Fantasmic! From 1995 to 1996 Jay was the voice of the alien warlord Lord Dregg, the villain during the last two seasons of the original 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles animated TV series.
In various animated projects Jay took over the voice of Shere Khan, which actor George Sanders had originated for the 1967 Disney animated film The Jungle Book. In 11 episodes spanning 1990–91, Jay voiced Shere Khan for Disney's animated TV series TaleSpin, The Jungle Book: Rhythm and Groove videogame (2000), and the House of Mouse (2001–02). His final appearance as Khan came in the 2003 film The Jungle Book 2. His final role was voicing Spiderus in the Miss Spider series.
Jay was a devotee of classic Broadway and made several recordings and performances of old-time Broadway lyrics, in spoken-word form. A CD of these readings, Speaking of Broadway, was released in 2005; a version recorded in 1996 was entitled Poets on Broadway, as was his website. On it Jay recites lyrics written by the likes of Noël Coward, Ira Gershwin, and Oscar Hammerstein, accompanied by synthesized music which he composed.
Illness and death
In April 2006 Jay underwent surgery in Cedars-Sinai Medical Center (Los Angeles) to remove a non-cancerous tumor from his lungs. Afterwards he became critically ill and was readmitted to Cedar Sinai, where he died on August 13, 2006, aged 73. He is buried in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Los Angeles, California.
|1968||Majuba: Heuwel van Duiwe||Uncredited, South African Film|
|1969||Petticoat Safari||Co-Writer, South African Film|
|1970||Lied in my hart||Rudi||South African Film|
|1970||Scotty & Co.||Ginger Sid||South African Film|
|1970||Sien Jou Môre||Prof. Ivan Ullman||(voiced by Danie Smuts) |
South African Film
|1970||Taxi!||Red Kowalski||South African Film|
|1972||My Way||Natie Kaplan||South African Film|
|1972||Leatherlip||Uncredited, South African Film|
|1975||Love and Death||Vladimir Maximovich|
|1977||My Way II||Natie Kaplan||South Africa|
|1978||The Greek Tycoon||Doctor|
|1981||Time Bandits||The Supreme Being||Voice|
|1984||Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind||Narrator||Voice, Disney 2005 dub|
|1988||Twins||Professor Werner & The Narrator|
|My Stepmother Is an Alien||Council Chief|
|1989||Asterix and the Big Fight||Narrator||Voice, English version|
|1991||Beauty and the Beast||Monsieur D'Arque||Voice|
|1992||Tom and Jerry: The Movie||Lickboot the Lawyer||Voice|
|Scooby-Doo! in Arabian Nights||Lord of the Amulet||Voice, TV movie|
|1996||All Dogs Go to Heaven 2||Reginald||Voice|
|The Hunchback of Notre Dame||Judge Claude Frollo||Voice|
|1998||The Rugrats Movie||Dr. Lipschitz||Voice|
|An American Tail: The Treasure of Manhattan Island||Mr. Toplofty||Voice, Direct-to-video|
|1999||Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me||Narrator||Voice, Uncredited|
|2001||Recess: School's Out||Dr. Rosenthal||Voice|
|Race to Space||Narrator||Voice|
|2003||The Jungle Book 2||Shere Khan, the Tiger||Voice|
|Rugrats Go Wild||Dr. Lipschitz||Voice|
|2007||Albert Fish: In Sin He Found Salvation||Narrator||Voice, Posthumous release|
|2011||Seek||Producer||Short, Posthumous release|
|1974||Fall of Eagles||Tsar Alexander III||2 episodes|
|1974||Justice||Mr. Papalonios||Episode: "Collision Course"|
|1974||The Case of Eliza Armstrong||Henry Poland QC||1 episode|
|1975||Within These Walls||Mr. Graham||Episode: "Nowhere for the Kids"|
|1975||The Sweeney||Lambourne||Episode: "Golden Boy"|
|1975||Affairs of the Heart||Sir Luke Strett||1 episode|
|1975||The Hanged Man||Lazlo||Episode: "Grail and Platter"|
|1975||Six Days of Justice||Edwin Lovatt||Episode: "Angelica"|
|1977||The XYY Man||Jacob Mahler||2 episodes|
|1978||The Professionals||Foreign Observer 1||Episode: "Blind Run"|
|1980||Escape||Colonel Jalbout||Episode: "Kim Philby"|
|1981||Timon of Athens||Merchant||TV movie|
|1982||Whoops Apocalypse||Bagatu||Episode: "How to Get Rid of It"|
|1982||The Agatha Christie Hour||Count Streptitch||Episode: "Jane un search if a job"|
|1985||Dempsey and Makepeace||Abe Moser||Episode: "Armed and Extremely Dangerous"|
|1986||The Greatest Adventure: Stories from the Bible||Caiaphas, Jerusalem Man #3, God||2 episodes|
|1987||The Golden Girls||Laszlo||Episode: "The Artist"|
|1987||Hunter||Father Michaels||Episode: "Allegra"|
|1988||Beverly Hills Buntz||Sheik Mohammed||Episode: "Buntz of the Desert"|
|1988||Circus||Conrad Simpson||TV Pilot|
|1989||Mr. Belvedere||Captain Peel||Episode: "Mutiny"|
|1988-1989||Beauty and the Beast||Paracelcus||6 episodes|
|1989||The Smurfs||Voice, Uncredited|
|1989||The New Lassie||Mr. Shepherd||Episode: "Once Upon a Time..."|
|1989||Newhart||Reginald Wooster||Episode: "Good Lord Loudon"|
|1989||The Easter Story||Caiaphas, Jerusalem Man #3||Animated short|
|1990||Christine Cromwell||Episode: "In Vino Veritas"|
|1990||His & Hers||Dr. Zimmerman||Episode: "Fear of Marriage"|
|1990||Rainbow Drive||Max Hollister||TV Movie|
|1990||Peter Pan and the Pirates||Alf Mason||Voice, 1 episode|
|1990||The Adventures of Don Coyote and Sancho Panda||Voice, Episode: "Pity the Poor Pirate"|
|1991||Matlock||John Bosley Hackett||Episode: "The Critic"|
|1990-1991||Twin Peaks||Dougie Milford||3 episodes|
|1990-1991||TaleSpin||Shere Khan||Voice, 11 episodes|
|1991||Absolute Strangers||Weisfeld||TV Movie|
|1991||Murphy Brown||Dr. Wade Benoit||Episode: "Q & A on FYI"|
|1991||Eerie, Indiana||Sir Boris von Orloff||Episode: "Scariest Home Videos"|
|1991||Dynasty: The Reunion||Dr. Jobinet||2 episodes|
|1991||Darkwing Duck||Grim Reaper||Voice, Episode: "Dead Duck"|
|1991||Who's the Boss?||Paul Murphy||Episode: "Grandmommie Dearest"|
|1991||Sisters||Charles Dickens||Episode: "Eggnog"|
|1991||Adventures in Odyssey||Fred J. Faustus||Voice, Episode: "The Knight Travellers"|
|1992||Jonah||Voice, 1 episode|
|1992||Star Trek: The Next Generation||Third Minister Campio||Episode: "Cost of Living"|
|1992||Tom & Jerry Kids||Voice, Episode: "Penthouse Mouse/12 Angry Sheep/The Ant Attack"|
|1991-1993||The Legend of Prince Valiant||Cynan, Baron Alric, Magistrate||Voice, 5 episode|
|1993||Sonic the Hedgehog||Guardian||Voice, Uncredited, Episode: "Super Sonic"|
|1993||The Little Mermaid||Wish Star||Voice, Episode: "Wish Upon a Starfish"|
|1993||Fugitive Nights: Danger in the Desert||TV Movie|
|1993||The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr.||Judge Silot Gatt||Episode: "Brisco for the Defense"|
|1993||Fugitive Nights: Danger in the Desert||TV movie|
|1993||2 Stupid Dogs||The Chief||Voice, 13 episodes|
|1993-1994||Mighty Max||Virgil, Norman's Dad, Witch Doctor||Voice, 40 episodes|
|1994||Picket Fences||Chief Rabbi||Episode: "Squatter's Rights"|
|1994||Duckman: Private Dick/Family Man||Voice, Episode: "Ride the High School"|
|1994||Scooby-Doo in Arabian Nights||Voice, TV movie|
|1994||Beethoven||Watson||Voice, Episode: "Scent of a Mutt/Down on the Farm"|
|1995||Reboot: Fast Forward - The Making of 'Reboot||Megabyte||Voice, TV movie|
|1993-1995||Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman||Nigel St. John||7 episodes|
|1994-1995||Skeleton Warriors||Golden Skull||Voice, 13 episodes|
|1995||Aladdin||Khartoum||Voice, Episode: "The Book of Khartoum"|
|1995||Aaahh!!! Real Monsters||Frederick, Chief||Voice, Episode: "Eau de Krumm/O'Lucky Monster"|
|1994-1995||Fantastic Four||Galactus / Terrax / Nauseated Man on TV||Voice, 5 episodes|
|1995||Gargoyles||Anubis||Voice, Episode: "Grief"|
|1995-1996||The Twisted Tales of Felix the Cat||Peeping Duck, Jaggo Doughnut, Mr.Wizard||3 episodes|
|1996||Russia's Last Tsar||Voice, National Geographic special|
|1996||The Legend of Sarmoti: Siegfried & Roy||Voice|
|1996||Captain Planet and the Planeteers||Yeti||Voice, Episode: "Twelve Angry Animals"|
|1996||Animaniacs||Narrator||Voice, Episode: "Dot's Entertainment/The Girl with the Googily Goop/Gunga Dot"|
|1996||Superman: The Animated Series - The Last Son of Krypton||Sul-Van||VoiceTV Movie|
|1996||The Burning Zone||The Chairman||Episode: "The Silent Tower"|
|1996||Bruno the Kid||Jarlesburg||Voice, Episode: "The Adventure Begins"|
|1994-1996||Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles||Lord Dregg||Voice, 17 episodes|
|1994-1996||The Tick||Chairface Chippendale||Voice, 7 episodes|
|1996||Spider-Man||Baron Mordo||Voice, 3 episodes|
|1995-1996||The Savage Dragon||Overlord||Voice, 15 episodes|
|1996||The Making of Disney's 'The Hunchback of Notre Dame'||Himself, Voice of Frollo|
|1996||Pinky and the Brain||Egyptian Priest||Voice, Episode: "The Mummy/Robin Brain"|
|1996-1999||Jumanji||The Master of Jumanji||Voice|
|1997||Puss In Boots||Narrator||Voice, TV movie|
|1996-1997||Mighty Ducks||Wraith||Voice, 21 episodes|
|1997||Adventures from the Book of Virtues||King Darius||Voice, Episode: "Faith "|
|1997||Doomsday: What Can We Do?||Narrator||Voice, TV documentary|
|1997||Extreme Ghostbusters||Macrobe||Voice, Episode: "Moby Ghost"|
|1997||What If?||Narrator||Voice, TV documentary|
|1998||Hollywood & Vinyl||Himself||1 episode|
|1998||Invasion America||The Dragit||Voice, 13 episodes|
|1999||Civil War Combat: America's Bloodiest Battles||Narrator||Voice, TV documentary, 2 episodes|
|1996-1999||Timon & Pumbaa||Empress's Assistant, Jungle Inspector||Voice, 2 episodes|
|1999||To Serve and Protect||Police Pathologist|
|1999||Mickey Mouse Works||Ostrich||Voice, Episode #1.6|
|1999-2000||Johnny Bravo||King Brad, Announcer||Voice, 2 episodes|
|2000||UFOs: Then and Now?||Narrator||Voice, TV Movie|
|2000||Buzz Lightyear of Star Command||Dr. Animus||Voice, 2 episodes|
|2001||Courage the Cowardly Dog||Jeeves "Evil" Weevil||Voice, Episode: "Evil Weevil/McPhearson Phantom"|
|2001||Lloyd in Space||Dr. Werner Von Brain||Voice, Episode: "Caution: Wormhole!"|
|2001||Providence||Unnamed||Episode: "Rule Number One"|
|2001||The Legend of Tarzan||Poacher||Voice, Episode: "Tarzan and the Rift"|
|2001||ReBoot: My Two Bobs||Megabyte||Voice, TV movie|
|1994-2001||ReBoot||Megabyte||Voice, 26 episodes|
|2001||The Gene Pool||Renfeld||TV movie|
|2001-2002||House of Mouse||Magic Mirror, Shere Khan the Tiger, Ostrich||Voice, 10 episodes|
|1992-2003||Rugrats||Dr. Lipschitz, Doctor, others||Voice, 10 episodes|
|2003||Criss Angel: Supernatural||Narrator, voice - official trailer||Voice, TV movie|
|2003||Miss Spider's Sunny Patch Kids||Spiderus||Voice, TV movie|
|2003||Civil War Combat: Culp's Hill at Gettysburg||Narrator||Voice, Documentary|
|2003||Civil War Combat: The Battle of Chickamauga||Narrator||Voice, Documentary|
|2003||Nostradamus: 500 Years Later||Nostradamus||Voice, Documentary|
|2004||UFO Files - UFOs: Then and Now? The Innocent Years||Narrator||Voice, 1 episode|
|2004||Teen Titans||Narrator||Voice, Episode: "Transformation"|
|2004||Tom and Jerry - The Ultimate Classic Collection||Unknown|
|1996-2004||Hey Arnold!||Rex Smythe-Higgins, Voice in the Sky, Doctor||Voice, 5 episodes|
|2005||Mickey's Around the World in 80 Days||Ostrich|
|2005||Science of the Bible: Jesus, The Preacher||Himself, Narrator||Voice, 1 episode|
|2005||H. H. Holmes: America's First Serial Killer||Narrator||Voice|
|2006||Me, Eloise||Voice||Episode: "Eloise in Springtime Part 1"|
|2007||Xyber 9: New Dawn||Machestro||Voice, 7 episodes|
|2004-2007||Miss Spider's Sunny Patch Friends||Spiderus||Voice, 17 episodes|
Nominated—Annie Award for Best Voice Acting in a Feature Film
|2007||The History Channel Presents: The Civil War||Narrator||Voice|
Other Voice Work
|1992||King's Quest VI: Heir Today, Gone Tomorrow||Captain Saladin, Gate, Arch Druid||Voice|
|1996||Disney's Animated Storybook: The Hunchback of Notre Dame||Frollo||Voice|
|1996||Blood Omen: Legacy of Kain||Mortanius, William the Just, Dark Entity||Voice|
|1997||Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans||Drek'Thar||Voice|
|1997||Fallout: A Post-Nuclear Role-Playing Game||The Lieutenant||Voice|
|1998||Titanic Explorer||Capt. Smith, Sir Rufus Isaacs||Voice|
|1998||Die by the Sword||Rastegar, Grub||Voice|
|1999||Legacy of Kain: Soul Reaver||Elder God, Zephon||Voice|
|1999||Planescape: Torment||The Transcendent One||Voice|
|1999||Y2K: The Game||Mister Leopard||Voice|
|2000||Forgotten Realms: Icewind Dale||Kresselack||Voice|
|2001||The Jungle Book: Rhythm 'n Groove||Shere Khan||Voice|
|2001||Dopey's Wild Mine Ride||Magic Mirror||Voice|
|2001||Soul Reaver 2||Elder God||Voice|
|2001||Forgotten Realms: Baldur's Gate - Dark Alliance||Xantam The Beholder, Ethon||Voice|
|2001||Return to Castle Wolfenstein||The Director||Voice, Uncredited|
|2001||Star Trek: Armada II||USS Caddebostan Captain||Voice|
|2002||Draconus: Cult of the Wyrm||Narrator||Voice, Uncredited|
|2002||Hunter: The Reckoning||Narrator||Voice|
|2003||Freelancer||Chancellor Florian Gustov Niemann||Voice|
|2003||Star Trek: Elite Force II||Archeopenda||Voice|
|2003||Lionheart: Legacy of the Crusader||Voice|
|2003||Armed & Dangerous||King||Voice|
|2003||The Lord of the Rings: War of the Ring||Narrator||Voice|
|2003||Mace Griffin: Bounty Hunter||Leader of the Rangers||Voice|
|2003||Legacy of Kain: Defiance||Elder God||Voice|
|2004||Fallout: Brotherhood of Steel||Attis, Narrator||Voice|
|2004||Champions of Norrath: Realms of EverQuest||Peles||Voice|
|2004||The Bard's Tale||Narrator||Voice|
Audiobooks & Audio Plays
- 2005: Time’s Fool: A Mystery of Shakespeare by Leonard Tourney. Reader. Blackstone Audio.
- 2006: The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole. Reader. Blackstone Audio.
- 1998: The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, winner of the Independent Publishers Award. Blackstone Audio. Cast member.
- 1967-1976: The Sound of Darkness. Writer, Actor (voice).
- 1968-1972: Squad Cars. Actor, Announcer (voice).
- 1969-1972: Taxi! Writer. Red Kowalski (voice).
- 1971-1972: The Avengers. Announcer (voice), Writer, Director.
- London Broadcasting Company – voice-overs for the station's main jingle packages between 1974 and 1980.
- The Empire Strikes Back (Kenner Products toys).
- The Dark Crystal.
- Return of the Jedi (Kenner Products toys).
- Dr. Mario.
- Kirby's Dream Land 2.
- X-Men 2: Clone Wars.
- Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero.
|2006||Voice Acting in a Television Production||Miss Spider's Sunny Patch Friends||Nominated|
|Daytime Emmy Award||Outstanding Performer in an Animated Program||Nominated|
- Behind The Voice Actors. "Tony Jay". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- "Tony Jay—Obituary". The Associated Press. 21 August 2006. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- Nelson, Valerie J (20 August 2006). "Tony Jay, 73; Veteran Voice Actor in Film and Video Games". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "Voice actor Tony Jay dies at 73". UPI.com. United Press International. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
- DeMott, Rick. "Emmy-Nominated Voice-Actor Tony Jay Passes Away". AWN.com. Animation World Network. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
- "History of the site". Pinner High School. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "Tony Jay - Writer, Director". The Avengers Declassified. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- Nemy, Enid (19 September 1988). "Broadway". The New York Timtes. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Gross, Edward (November 1989). "To Reign in Hell". Starlog. p. 21. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
- Jay, Natasha, 2017 (niece of Tony Jay).
- In contrast to Jay's own recollection in a Starlog interview and his Los Angeles Times obituary, the New York Times of September 19, 1986 says that he moved to South Africa when he was 33.
- "Tony Jay: In Memorium, 1933-2006". Springbokradio.com. Archived from the original on 23 January 2007. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- Hayes, Alan. "The Radio Series - On the Air". Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- Hayes, Alan. "The Radio Series - Introduction". The Avengers Declassified. hiddentigerbooks.co.uk. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- Hayes, Alan. "The Radio Series - Destination Sonovision". hiddentigerbooks.co.uk. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "Three Sisters, Billingham Forum c1976". Picture Stockton Archive. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "Classic Plays: 1976". Rob Wilton Theatricalia. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- Amory, Mark (3 October 1981). "Small Changes". The Spectator. United Kingdom. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "The Deep Blue Sea Programme - Greenwhich Cue Theater, 1981". Daily Craze. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- Hammond, Mary (2016). Charles Dickens's Great Expectations: A Cultural Life, 1860–2012. Abingdon: Routledge. p. 219.
- "RSC Performances: The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby". The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- Drake, Sylvie (13 March 1986). "The Marathon 'Nicholas Nickleby' Is Bound for the Ahmanson". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "Stage View: A 'Nickleby' that Fulfills Our Great Expectations". The New York Times. 7 September 1986.
- "The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- "The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby". Playbill.com. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- Gross, Edward (November 1989). "To Reign in Hell". Starlog. p. 72. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
- "Sir Ian McKellen". Crawley's Casting Calls. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
- Rouner, Jeff. "Tony Jay: Playlist for the Ultimate Voice-Over Villain". Houston Press. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
- "Poets on Broadway - Earphones Award Winner". Audio File. AudioFile Magazine. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- "Daytime Emmy nominated Tony Jay Loses Fight to Recover". Archived from the original on 7 September 2006. Retrieved 14 April 2010.
- Various release dates are given: 1996 ; 1997   ; 1998 .
- "LBC - Ten years on". British Universities Film & Video Council. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
- The official Annie Awards website shows that Tony Jay was not nominated in 1996 for Voice Acting in the Field of Animation, despite many claims that he had. The 1996 nominees were Nancy Cartwright (winner), Jeff Bennett, Jim Cummings, Tress MacNeille, and Rob Paulsen..
- "33rd Annie Awards (2006)". AnnieAwards.org. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
- "The National Television Academy Announces 33rd Annual Daytime Emmy Award Nominations". emmyonline.com. Retrieved 2 November 2017.