Tony Schwartz (sound archivist)
Tony Schwartz in 1994
August 19, 1923|
New York, New York
|Died||June 15, 2008
New York, New York
Anthony Schwartz (August 19, 1923 – June 15, 2008) was an American sound archivist, sound designer, pioneering media theorist, and advertising creator. Known as the "wizard of sound," he is perhaps best known for his role in creating the controversial Daisy television ad for the 1964 Lyndon Johnson campaign.
Life and career
Considered a guru of the newly emerging "electronic media" by Marshall McLuhan, Schwartz ushered in a new age of media study in the 1970s. His works anticipated the end of the print-based media age and pointed to a new electronic age of mass media.
Born in Manhattan, Schwartz was raised there briefly before his family moved to Peekskill, New York. At 16, he went blind for about six months. He had previously been interested in ham radio, and the incident focused him more on sound as did his lifelong agoraphobia.
He earned a degree in graphic design from the Pratt Institute and worked as a civilian artist for the United States Navy during World War II. He later earned honorary degrees from John Jay College, Emerson College, and Stonehill College.
Schwartz began recording ambient sounds, spoken word, and folk music, releasing many albums on Folkways Records and Columbia Records. One of his albums, New York Taxi Driver, was among the first 100 recordings inducted into the National Recording Registry. From 1945 to 1976, Schwartz produced and hosted "Around New York" on WNYC.
He transitioned into advertising work in 1958 when approached by Johnson and Johnson about creating ads for the company's baby powder products based on his previous work recording children. His resulting work is often credited as the first use of children's real voices in radio commercials as specially trained adults had always done such voice work in the past.
Briefly specializing in advertising using children, he soon broadened into general advertising, creating ads for such clients as Coca Cola, American Airlines, Chrysler, American Cancer Society, and Kodak.
Schwartz subsequently shifted his advertising work toward political campaigns. While continuing to create product ads, he created thousands of political ads for such candidates as Lyndon Johnson, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Ted Kennedy, Hubert Humphrey, George McGovern, and Daniel Patrick Moynihan.
In a final transition in his career, he turned his energies toward social-awareness advertising which he was familiar with having created the first anti-smoking commercials for radio and television early in his career. 
Schwartz's wife, Reenah Lurie Schwartz, often worked closely with him on scriptwriting. They were married in 1959 and had two children: Michaela Schwartz-Burridge and jazz saxophonist, Anton Schwartz.
Tony Schwartz is famous for saying, "The best thing about radio is that people were born without earlids. You can't close your ears to it."
Schwartz was inducted into the Political Consultants Hall of Fame at the American Association of Political Consultants (AAPC) in the year 2000. Former Schwartz student Joe Slade White produced the tribute video.
- Freeman, Ira Henry (September 2, 1953). About New York; Collectors: of City Sounds, Magicians' Props, Dolls of Stars, Antique Apothecary Jars. New York Times
- Briggs, John (February 15, 1953). Sidewalks of N. Y.; West-Side Kids at Play Heard in Own Songs. New York Times
- Shelton, Robert (April 12, 1959). New York on Tape; A young New Yorker with a recorder limns the city in its variety of sound. New York Times
- "The National Recording Registry 2003". The Library of Congress. 2006-10-25. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Bill Geerhart (2007-09-07). "Daisy: The Complete History of an Infamous and Iconic Ad (part two)". Conelrad. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Patricia Sullivan (2008-06-17). "Tony Schwartz; His Ads Targeted Viewer Emotions". The Washington Post, June 17, 2008, Page B07. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
- Paul Weyland (2008-07-26). "The Broadcast Genius You Probably Never Heard Of". Radio Business Report. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- "The Schwartz Collection". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2008-08-25.
- Fox, Margalit (June 17, 2008). Tony Schwartz, Father of ‘Daisy Ad’ for the Johnson Campaign, Dies at 84 New York Times
- "Tony Schwartz Hall of Fame Video by Joe Slade White". American Association of Political Consultants.
- The Schwartz Collection at the Library of Congress
- Audio Samples from the Schwartz Collection
- Smithsonian Folkways Records
- Adweek Article on Tony Schwartz
- CONELRAD's definitive history of the Daisy ad
- Tony Schwartz Hall of Fame Tribute Video by Joe Slade White on YouTube