Tony Windsor

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Tony Windsor
Member of the Australian Parliament
for New England
In office
10 November 2001 – 5 August 2013
Preceded byStuart St. Clair
Succeeded byBarnaby Joyce
Member of the New South Wales Parliament
for Tamworth
In office
25 May 1991 – 16 October 2001
Preceded byNoel Park
Succeeded byJohn Cull
Personal details
Antony Harold Curties Windsor

(1950-09-02) 2 September 1950 (age 73)
Quirindi, New South Wales
Political partyIndependent (1991–present)
Children1 (female); 2 (male)
ResidenceTamworth, New South Wales
Alma materUniversity of New England

Antony Harold Curties Windsor, AM (born 2 September 1950) is a former Australian politician. Windsor was an independent member for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly seat of Tamworth from 1991 to 2001 − supporting the incumbent Greiner Liberal/National Coalition minority government at the 1991 election.

He subsequently entered federal politics, serving as an independent member for the Australian House of Representatives seat of New England from 2001 until retiring in 2013 − supporting the incumbent Gillard Labor minority government at the 2010 election.

At the 2016 election, Windsor unsuccessfully attempted to regain the seat of New England against Nationals incumbent Barnaby Joyce.

Early life[edit]

Tony Windsor was born in Quirindi, New South Wales. He was one of three sons raised by their mother after their father was killed in a farm accident when Windsor was eight years old.[1] He was educated at Farrer Memorial Agricultural High School, Tamworth and the University of New England, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Economics. He was a farmer at Werris Creek before entering politics.[2][3]

New South Wales political career[edit]

In the 1991 election, Windsor was first elected to the New South Wales Legislative Assembly as the Member for Tamworth. Windsor had originally sought National Party preselection for this seat, but allegations in regards to a drink-driving incident arose on the day of his preselection, and the National Party endorsed another candidate.[4][5] In spite of the allegations, Windsor won as an independent candidate and held the seat for ten years. Windsor was one of the four independents who held the balance of power after Nick Greiner's Liberal-National Coalition lost 10 seats, resulting in a hung parliament. His decision to support the incumbent Coalition government ensured a second term in government for Greiner. After an adverse ruling by the Independent Commission Against Corruption against Greiner for offering former minister Terry Metherell a patronage job, the Labor opposition tabled a motion of no confidence in the government. Windsor and the other three independents told Greiner that unless he resigned, they would withdraw their support from the government and support the no-confidence motion. Rather than face certain defeat in the House, Greiner resigned and was succeeded by John Fahey.[6][7]

Federal political career[edit]

Windsor resigned from the state parliament in September 2001 in order to contest the federal seat of New England.[2]

In the federal election held later that year, he defeated one-term National incumbent Stuart St. Clair.[8] Windsor took a large lead on the first count, and defeated St. Clair on Labor and other party preferences. Windsor's victory was considered a shock result, since the National Party and its predecessor, the Country Party, had held New England since 1922, usually without serious difficulty.

In September 2004, in an interview with Tony Vermeer from The Sunday Telegraph,[9] Windsor was the centre of controversy over an alleged breach of the Commonwealth Electoral Act. Windsor claimed that he had been approached, in May 2004, by a figure associated with the National Party with the offer of a diplomatic position in exchange for retiring from politics. Windsor made the allegations during the course of the 2004 federal election campaign,[10] some five months after the incident allegedly occurred.[11] The Australian Electoral Commission referred the matter to the Australian Federal Police (AFP).[10] Windsor was comfortably re-elected in the October 2004 election, increasing his majority to 21 percent. A month later, speaking under parliamentary privilege, he said that National Party leader John Anderson and Senator Sandy Macdonald had made the offer through an intermediary, Tamworth businessman Greg McGuire. Windsor also claimed that the AFP had referred the matter to the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions for determination.[9] Anderson, Macdonald, and McGuire denied the claims.[11][12][13] The AFP investigated Windsor's claims and advised that the matter would not be prosecuted.[10][14]

Windsor was comfortably re-elected in 2007, increasing his majority to 24 per cent.

2010 federal election[edit]

As one of the six crossbenchers elected to the House of Representatives at the 2010 election, Windsor was at the centre of negotiations to determine the government after both major parties failed to win a majority in their own right. Windsor, together with Rob Oakeshott and Bob Katter, initially resolved to form a bloc to assist negotiations with the major parties to form government.[15] However, several days later, Windsor claimed it should not be assumed that the three rural independents would move together.[16][17] In a press conference on 7 September 2010, Windsor revealed that he would support the incumbent Labor government during confidence motions and supply bills. Oakeshott also threw his support to the incumbent Labor government, handing Labor a second term.[18]

It had been assumed that Windsor would support the Coalition due to his past membership of the National Party but on this Windsor made an analogy of him being an ex-smoker: "I've never been in parliament as a National, I gave up smoking about the same time [and] I've rid myself of two cancers".[19]

Windsor is known as the architect of the bill which became an amendment to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) known as the water trigger. The new legislation forced the government through a process whereby actions by large coal mining developments, in particular coal seam gas, which may adversely affect groundwater in the area and thereby significantly affecting water resources, had to be assessed for environmental impact.[20]

2013 federal election[edit]

On 26 June 2013 Windsor announced that he would not be contesting the 2013 election; partly due to an undisclosed medical condition.[21]

2016 federal election[edit]

On 10 March 2016, Windsor announced his intention to contest his former seat of New England as an independent candidate at the 2016 election. Windsor faced incumbent Deputy Prime Minister of Australia and Leader of the National Party of Australia Barnaby Joyce at the 2016 election, who had won the seat upon Windsor's retirement at the previous election.[22] Seat-level polling in the seat of New England found Joyce and Windsor neck and neck.[23][24][25] On election day, however, Windsor was convincingly defeated, taking 41 percent of the two-party vote. Joyce actually won a majority on the primary vote, enough to retain the seat without the need for preferences. Before his defeat at this election Windsor said, "You haven't seen the last of me" and was asked if he would stand again if he did not win he answered, "I wouldn't rule anything out."[26]

Political views[edit]

In an interview published in The Sydney Morning Herald following the 2010 federal election, it was reported that Windsor supports a rent resources tax, deep cuts to carbon emissions, and improved services to rural and regional areas such as Labor's proposed National Broadband Network but wants to ensure the scheme is fully costed.[1] The same article claimed that Windsor supports the Coalition's position on water, and the Greens position on a universal dental scheme.[1]

He has fought a long-standing battle protecting the interests of local landholders and farmers living on one of NSW's richest agricultural regions, the Liverpool Plains, due to the impact of mining on underlying groundwater. The region is rich in coal deposits and mining companies, such as BHP and Whitehaven Coal, have sought to acquire land. Greens have campaigned alongside Windsor, against mining companies.[27] During the 2010 federal election campaign, it was revealed that Windsor had sold his family farm at Werris Creek to a wholly owned subsidiary of Whitehaven Coal, and then leased the property back. The reported sale was for more than A$4.5 million.[28] The Australian subsequently claimed that Windsor yielded a return about three times greater than other farmers who sold their properties to the same company in the previous 18 months.[29]

Windsor was present at the February 2011 announcement by the Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, on the proposed July 2012 introduction of a tax on carbon emissions, together with Greens senators Bob Brown and Christine Milne, the Minister for Climate Change, Greg Combet, and independent MP Rob Oakeshott. Windsor downplayed his presence at the announcement, stating, "Please don't construe from my presence here that I will be supporting anything."[30] He was later reported as stating that he would not accept increased transport fuel costs for country people.[31] He subsequently announced that he was supporting Gillard's carbon policy, as a matter of principle, and stated: "This is about the history of people, most of whom haven't even been born yet. And if I'm sacked from politics because of that, well, I'll remove myself with a smile on my face."[32]

Tony Windsor called for a referendum on same-sex marriage back in 2013, saying that the issue should be removed from the hands of politicians.[33]

He has also endorsed a referendum on the death penalty in the 1990's.[34][35]

After politics[edit]

Tony Windsor – The Biography was published in 2014.[36]

In October 2021 Windsor was named as an advisor for climate fund, Climate 200.[37]


  1. ^ a b c Fenley, Rick (28 August 2010). "Contradictions define independence". The Sydney Morning Herald - via Archived from the original on 6 November 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2010.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ a b "Mr Antony Harold Curties Windsor (1950– )". Former members of the Parliament of New South Wales. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  3. ^ "About Tony Windsor". Tony Windsor. Archived from the original on 23 October 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  4. ^ Davies, Shaun (22 August 2010). "Five men may control country's destiny". Nine News. Australia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  5. ^ Parker, Gareth (28 August 2010). "No love lost between bedfellows". The West Australian. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  6. ^ Humphries, David (28 August 2010). "Winning over a tough crowd". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  7. ^ Ward, Ian (December 1992). "Australian Political Chronicle: January–June 1992". Australian Journal of Politics and History. 38 (3): 421–422. ISSN 0004-9522.
  8. ^ "Mr Tony Windsor MP". Senators and Members of the Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Adjournment Debate" (PDF). Hansard, House of Representatives. Commonwealth of Australia. No 1, 2004: 151–2, 158. 17 November 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  10. ^ a b c "Election Complaint – Allegation of Bribery". Media release. Australian Electoral Commission. 22 November 2004. Retrieved 13 October 2010.
  11. ^ a b Sheehan, Paul (22 November 2004). "Kingmaker Windsor falls on his sword". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  12. ^ "Anderson quizzed over bribe claims". ABC News. Australia. 18 November 2004. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
  13. ^ Brissenden, Michael (17 November 2004). "Windsor names alleged plotters bent on ousting him". 7:30 Report. Australia. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  14. ^ Brissenden, Michael (22 November 2004). "Key regional seats promised millions during election". 7:30 Report. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  15. ^ Grattan, Michelle; Colebatch, Tim; Gordon, Michael (23 August 2010). "Trio joins forces as Gillard claims right to govern". The Age. Australia. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  16. ^ Gordon, Josh (29 August 2010). "Independents may split to seal a deal". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  17. ^ Gordon, Josh; Munro, Peter; Darby, Andrew (29 August 2010). "Independents could go separate ways". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  18. ^ Davis, Mark (7 September 2010). "Labor over the line: Windsor and Oakeshott hand power to Gillard". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
  19. ^ "They said it". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 23 August 2010. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  20. ^ Hannam, Peter (16 March 2020). "Morrison government faces legal challenge over Adani pipeline plan". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  21. ^ Griffiths, Emma (26 June 2013). "Tony Windsor and Rob Oakeshott announce they are quitting politics". ABC News. Australia. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  22. ^ "Barnaby Joyce prepared for 'battle' against Tony Windsor in New England". ABC News. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  23. ^ Tony Windsor could beat Barnaby Joyce in New England seat, poll says: The Guardian 29 February 2016
  24. ^ Barnaby Joyce claims 'underdog' status against Tony Windsor in fight to keep seat of New England: ABC 14 March 2016
  25. ^ Deputy PM in danger of wipe-out: The Australian 14 March 2016
  26. ^ "Right Old Barney - A hard fight but Joyce (and daughters) see off Windsor", Townsend, Samantha, Sunday Telegraph (Sydney, Australia) July 3, 2016
  27. ^ Wilkinson, Marian (22 May 2009). "Warden upholds coalmining plan". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  28. ^ Champberlain, Simon (17 July 2010). "MP sold property to Werris Creek coal mine". Northern Daily Leader - via Australia. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2010.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  29. ^ Klan, Anthony; Aikman, Amos (28 August 2010). "Independent MP Tony Windsor in league of his own on farm sale". The Australian. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  30. ^ Packham, Ben; Massola, James (24 February 2011). "Australia to have carbon price from July 1, 2012, Julia Gillard announces". The Australian. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  31. ^ Coorey, Phillip (28 February 2011). "Windsor says he'll stop carbon plans if Greens go too far". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  32. ^ Mercer, Phil (11 July 2011). "Carbon tax divides Australia". BBC News. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  33. ^ "Windsor calls for gay marriage referendum". 28 April 2013.
  34. ^ "Windsor and Joyce in spat over 'rednecks'". 24 April 2013.
  35. ^ Benson, Simon (9 March 2016). "'It will be a David and Goliath event'". The Advertiser.
  36. ^ Fitzgerald, Ross, "Tony Windsor – The Biography", August 9, 2014 The Australian Retrieved 9 April 2015
  37. ^ "Windsor and Oakeshott ride again in push to bring climate to forefront". Crikey. 1 October 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2021.
New South Wales Legislative Assembly
Preceded by Member for Tamworth
Succeeded by
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by Member for New England
Succeeded by