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|Birth name||Frederick Nathaniel Hibbert|
8 December 1942 |
May Pen, Jamaica
|Genres||Ska, rocksteady, reggae, roots reggae|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, songwriter, bandleader|
|Associated acts||Toots & the Maytals|
Hibbert was born in May Pen, Parish of Clarendon, Jamaica, the youngest of seven children, he grew up singing gospel music in a church choir. Hibbert moved to Kingston as an teenager in the early 1960s, met Raleigh Gordon and Jerry Matthias, and formed The Maytals. The Maytals became one of the more popular vocal groups in Jamaica in the 1960s, recording with producers Coxsone Dodd, Prince Buster, Byron Lee, Ronnie Nasralla and Leslie Kong. This success included winning Jamaica's National Popular Song Contest three times with songs Hibbert wrote: in 1966 with "Bam Bam", 1969 with "Sweet and Dandy" and 1972 with "Pomps & Pride".
reggae [reg-ey] (noun) - a style of Jamaican popular music blending blues, calypso, and rock-'n'-roll, characterized by a strong syncopated rhythm and lyrics of social protest. Origin of reggae: Jamaican English, respelling of reggay (introduced in the song “Do the Reggay” (1968) by Frederick “Toots” Hibbert)
In the winter of 1968, the cool rocksteady beat gave way to a faster, brighter, more danceable sound. Reggae was born. Toots heralded the new sound with the seminal, complex groove monster "Do the Reggay" advertising "the new dance, going around the town." Toots wanted "to do the Reggae, with you!" …From '69 to '71, Toots could do no wrong recording for Leslie Kong. With the consistent nucleus of musicians, the Beverley’s All-Stars (Jackie Jackson, Winston Wright, Hux Brown, Rad Bryan, Paul Douglas and Winston Grennan) and The Maytals’ brilliant harmonizing, Toots wrote and sang his unmistakable voice about every subject imaginable.
The first Toots and the Maytals album released and distributed by Chris Blackwell’s Island Records was Funky Kingston. Music critic Lester Bangs described the album in Stereo Review as “perfection, the most exciting and diversified set of reggae tunes by a single artist yet released.” Chris Blackwell had a strong commitment to Toots and the Maytals, saying “I’ve known Toots longer than anybody – much longer than Bob (Bob Marley). Toots is one of the purest human beings I’ve met in my life, pure almost to a fault.”
On 1 October 1975 Toots and the Maytals were broadcast live on KMET-FM as they performed at the Roxy Theatre in Los Angeles. This broadcast was re-mastered and released as an album entitled “Sailin’ On” via Klondike Records.
Much of Hibbert's recorded output reflects his Evangelical Christian upbringing. Hibbert has been known to write about Rastafarian religious themes as well, and in an early Maytals song, Six And Seven Books of Moses from 1963, he addressed the folk magic of obeah and its use of the occult literature of Biblical grimoires, such as the Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses.
A multi-instrumentalist, Hibbert can play every instrument used in his band.
Toots still tours the world, and his band won the Grammy for best reggae album in 2004.
In 2005, Willie Nelson released a reggae album entitled "Countryman" which featured Hibbert on the song "I'm a Worried Man”. Hibbert was also featured in the official music video for Willie Nelson’s "I'm a Worried Man”, which was filmed in Jamaica.
In 2009, Hibbert collaborated with executive producer Malik Al Nasir of MediaCPR and Steel Pulse's Sidney Mills, who produced Jamaican percussionist Larry McDonald's album Drumquestra. His track is called "What about the Children?", a house track with accompanying video shot on location in New York. The same year he also performed vocals with Iowa reggae band Public Property on their album Work to Do.
In 2011, Hibbert was featured in the documentary released by Director George Scott and Producer Nick De Grunwald called “Reggae Got Soul: The Story of Toots and the Maytals” which was featured on BBC. Described as “The untold story of one of the most influential artists ever to come out of Jamaica”, it features appearances by Marcia Griffiths, Jimmy Cliff, Bonnie Raitt, Eric Clapton, Keith Richards, Willie Nelson, Anthony DeCurtis, Ziggy Marley, Chris Blackwell, Paolo Nutini, Paul Douglas, Sly Dunbar, and Robbie Shakespeare.
Hibbert joined the Red Hot Chili Peppers for a performance of "Louie Louie" during their New Year's Eve performance on 31 December 2011 held in St. Barts by Russian billionaire, Roman Abramovich. The private bash was invitation only and around 300 guests including George Lucas, Martha Stewart, Marc Jacobs and Jimmy Buffett attended the party at Abramovich's $90 million estate.
The bottle was thrown by William C Lewis. Lewis was facing a charge of malicious wounding, but he pleaded guilty to lesser charges. Despite Toots pleading in a letter to the judge, "He is a young man, and I have heard what happens to young men in jail. My own pain and suffering would be increased substantially knowing that this young man would face that prospect," the judge gave Lewis a six-month sentence.
Toots Hibbert is in no way related to former Everton stalwart Tony Hibbert.
Toots and the Maytals have been cited as inspiration for other music artists when it comes to career longevity. Jamaican artist Sean Paul explains this by saying, “I’ve seen some great people in my industry, you know, people like Toots…Toots and the Maytals. Toots he’s a great reggae artist and he’s still doing it…He’s up there in years and he’s doing it. Those kind of artists inspire me. I know I’m just going to keep on doing music as long as I can.”
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- "Singing the jailhouse rock", Jamaica Observer, 25 November 2012. Retrieved 25 November 2012
- "reggae". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 24 Oct. 2016. <Dictionary.com http://www.dictionary.com/browse/reggae>.
- Sherman, Matthew. "The Rise of Reggae and the Influence of Toots and the Maytals." The Rise of Reggae, and the Influence of Toots and the Maytals. The Dread Library, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2016. http://debate.uvm.edu/dreadlibrary/sherman.html
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- Toots and the Maytals (1975) Sailin’ On. Obiterdictum. Web. Retrieved 15 November 2016. <http://www.odmcy.com/catalog/index.php/catalogue/23-klondike-cds/211-toots-and-the-maytals-sailin-on-live-at-the-roxy-theater-la-1975-cd>
- album sleeve of DJ Derek Presents… Sweet Memory Sounds (2006).
- Deusner, Stephen. “The Red-Headed Stranger goes...reggae.” Pitchfork. Condé Nast. 24 Jul 2005. Web. <http://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/5906-countryman/> Retrieved 20 Dec 2016
- WillieNelsonVEVO. "Willie Nelson - I'm A Worried Man Ft. Toots Hibbert." YouTube. YouTube, 11 Aug. 2011. Music video by Willie Nelson performing I'm A Worried Man. (C) 2005 UMG Recordings, Inc. Web. 20 Dec. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bYfJInX0etk>
- “Willie Nelson and Friends - Outlaws & Angels”. Eagle Rock Entertainment. DVD. 2007. Retrieved 20 Dec 2016. <https://www.amazon.com/Willie-Nelson-Friends-Outlaws-Angels/dp/B0002Y13VO>
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- "Independent Music Awards". Independent Music Awards. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- “Toots and the Maytals: Reggae Got Soul”. BBC Four (documentary). Directed by George Scott. UK. 2011. 59 min. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2016. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00ymljb>
- Tootsandthemaytals. "Toots & The Maytals - Reggae Got Soul - Documentary Trailer." YouTube. YouTube, 15 Aug. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2016. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SfiNMBhnd8w>
- “Toots and the Maytals: Reggae Got Soul”. Honolulu Museum of Art. Film Showing - Doris Duke Theatre. 01 July 2015. Web. Retrieved 15 Dec. 2016. <http://www.honolulumuseum.org/events/films/15166-toots_and_maytals_reggae_got_soul>
- "Red-hot party | Page Six". Nypost.com. 2 January 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- "'Time Will Tell' Says Toots", Jamaica Gleaner, 13 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013
- "Man gets jail time despite "Toots" Hibbert's plea – Richmond Times-Dispatch: Crime News". Timesdispatch.com. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- “Sean Paul”. The Breakfast Club. Nov 21, 2016. Web. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RAXhwLm3d60> Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Bonitto, Brian (2012) "Tosh gets OM", Jamaica Observer, 7 August 2012, retrieved 7 August 2012
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