Top Gear: Polar Special
|Top Gear: Polar Special|
|Presented by||Jeremy Clarkson
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|Running time||TV cut
|Original network||BBC Two|
|Picture format||HDTV 1080i|
|Original release||25 July 2007|
|Related shows||Top Gear|
Top Gear: Polar Special is a special edition episode of BBC motoring programme Top Gear first broadcast on 25 July 2007 on BBC Two. The episode follows presenters Jeremy Clarkson and James May in their successful attempt to be the first people to reach the Magnetic North Pole in a motor vehicle. For added drama and competition they race against presenter Richard Hammond who travels by dog sled, the traditional means of transport around the Arctic.
At Resolute, Nunavut, Clarkson and Hammond announce their intention to travel from the small hamlet to the 1996 location of the magnetic north pole. Hammond will travel via dog sled, aided by American explorer Matty McNair, whilst Clarkson will attempt to beat them travelling by motor vehicle, a feat that had not before been achieved. Clarkson chooses to use a Toyota Hilux, modified for arctic conditions by Arctic Trucks, and aims to prove that Arctic exploration to the pole can be quicker and more luxurious than via traditional methods. He is reluctantly joined by co-presenter James May who is not keen to go to the pole at all.
The vehicles (Clarkson's and May's Hilux, a second Hilux and a Toyota Land Cruiser for the film crew) started to be modified in December 2006 Whilst the vehicle testing was underway the presenters were sent to Austria for cold-weather training by an SAS veteran, who taught them basic survival skills. Before departure they spent a further two nights of survival training out on the sea ice in Canada, but due to their constant tomfoolery were shown sobering images of the dangers of freezing weather and received a stark warning of the dangers they faced from polar explorer Ranulph Fiennes.
At 13:00 on 25 April 2007, both expeditions set out from Resolute and began making their way for Bathurst Island, an uninhabited island where they would be making camp for the first day. Hammond and McNair moved at a steady pace during the initial days of their expedition, being stopped only by the presence of a polar bear following them, whilst Clarkson and May drew ahead by taking advantage of satellite navigation to ensure their route took them over smooth ice. Problems soon developed for the Hilux, though, when it nearly fell through thin ice and had to be rescued by the support team, resulting in the need to plot a longer but safer route.
Three days after starting out and having reached firmer ice, the vehicular expedition's speed began to reduce drastically as they began encountering difficult terrain. From this point on, the expedition had to rely on their guides to scout ahead for a safe routes, with some routes proving impossible to proceed down and forcing the team to backtrack. Extensive delays over the next two days saw the sled team catch-up, although Hammond admits that the physical and mental strain is already starting to take its toll on his health.
Clarkson's anger at being delayed leads to poor decision making and damage to the vehicle, which caused further delays and strained the relationship between Clarkson and May. However, they eventually overcome the boulder field, something that many had said was impossible, and regained the lead on the sled team. Meanwhile Hammond and McNair's relationship became more strained as Hammond began to realise that they were unlikely to win. This was confirmed on the morning of 2 May 2007 when the GPS system in Clarkson and May's Hilux confirmed that the team had finally reached within 1 mile of the 1996 location of the North Pole in a motor vehicle. Following their victory, Clarkson and May contacted Hammond and revealed that they had reached the finish line. Hammond never made it to the pole, as it was felt cruel to make him go on "just so Clarkson could gloat", so instead he was collected along with the other presenters to be evacuated by plane.
For the end credits, in homage to Sir Ranulph Fiennes, each person who had been involved with the filming of the episode had their first name replaced with the words "Sir Ranulph" (e.g. "Sir Ranulph Clarkson, Sir Ranulph Hammond, Sir Ranulph May").
The vehicles used in the special challenge to reach the Pole were two 2006 Toyota Hilux double cab 3.0l diesel pickup trucks, one Toyota Land Cruiser 120 and a trailer, all of which were heavily modified by Arctic Trucks. The choice of the Hilux was due to its exceptional durability, as demonstrated in an earlier episode of Top Gear when during a series of challenges a 1988 Hilux was proven to be able to stand up to all the tests the presenters could throw at it without any parts needing to be replaced. One Hilux was rigged with cameras for the presenters, whilst the others were used by the film crew, two driver/repair experts, and one polar expert.
All vehicles underwent the same extensive modifications to make them suitable for the Arctic conditions. The major modifications that were made to the trucks included the following:
- The standard wheels and tyres were replaced with bespoke wheels and 38" studded, snow tyres. The tyres were able to run at pressures as low as 0.2 bar (3 psi) for better traction over snow.
- The wheel arches were raised and extended, both to protect and accommodate the larger tyres that had been installed.
- The standard 3.0-litre D-4D engine was modified to cope with the very low temperatures. Heaters were added to increase fuel and coolant temperature, a large heavy-duty battery was fitted, and the air intake was modified.
- A 90-litre auxiliary fuel tank was fitted, along with an extra-thick sump guard.
- The gearing ratio was lowered to 1:4.88.
- Two winches that could be fitted either to the front or rear of each of the vehicles were carried, in case they got stuck in the snow.
While the Hilux used by Jeremy Clarkson and James May became an exhibit because of its achievement, the one used by the film crew was put into storage, until it was later re-used by James May in 2010 in his attempt to get close to the still-erupting Eyjafjallajökull volcano.
The episode was largely scored with compositions by Clint Mansell and performed by the Kronos Quartet, particularly the pieces "Lux Aeterna" and "Death is the Road to Awe", from the soundtracks of Requiem for a Dream and The Fountain, respectively. The episode also contained a segment from the soundtrack of John Carpenter's The Fog, a segment by John Barry from the James Bond film On Her Majesty's Secret Service and also features the songs "The Killing Moon" and "Never Stop" by English alternative rock band Echo and The Bunnymen.
DVD and Blu-Ray release
In 2008 the BBC released a twin DVD box set entitled Top Gear - The Great Adventures (also known as The Great Adventures: Polar and U.S. Special), which contained both an extended version of the Polar Special and a cut-down version of the US Special. The "Director's Cut" of the extended version included an extra ten minutes of previously unseen footage, which included scenes of frostbitten extremities during the training in Austria, Clarkson and May discovering the abandoned Isachsen weather station (left vacant since 1978), and various other changes including new voice-overs and an alternative soundtrack to the original BBC broadcast release.
During the Polar Special, both Jeremy Clarkson and James May were shown to be drinking a gin and tonic whilst driving through an ice field in the Arctic. The producers claimed that they were beyond the jurisdiction of drink driving laws as they were in international waters at the time, whilst Clarkson stating on the programme that he was not driving but sailing ('piloting' a vehicle on (frozen) water as opposed to actual land). However, the BBC Trust found that the scene could "glamorise the misuse of alcohol" and that the scene "was not editorially justified in the context of a family show pre-watershed".
- "4x4 offroad article". Retrieved 5 December 2007.
- "Top Gear: Polar Challenge". BBC. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- http://www.bbc.co.uk/topgear/extras/production_notes/polar_special.shtml (3rd bullet)
- "Invincible Hilux official site". Retrieved 5 December 2007.
- "Top Gear rapped for alcohol use". BBC News. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
- May, James (12 July 2008). "James May: Slow down while I cut the lemon". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Group Ltd. Retrieved 14 July 2008.