Top Skater

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Top Skater
Developer(s)Sega AM3[1]
Publisher(s)Sega
Director(s)Kenji Kanno
Producer(s)Hisao Oguchi
Platform(s)Arcade
Release
  • JP: March 15, 1997
  • NA: March 1997
  • WW: May 1997
Genre(s)Sports, racing
Mode(s)Single player
Arcade systemSega Model 2

Top Skater is an arcade skateboarding sports video game released by Sega in 1997, and built on the Sega Model 2 hardware.[2] It was one of the first arcade games to feature a skateboard controller interface.[3] The game was directed by Kenji Kanno.

In Top Skater, players stand on a skateboard-like platform which swung side-to-side or tilted, manipulating the actions of the avatars in the game. The game has ramps, rails and other skating objects from which the player can do tricks to gain points.[1] The player has a limited amount of time in which to perform tricks, but can extend this time by collecting time bonus rings or by performing certain tricks.[1]

Kenji Kanno went on to create the Crazy Taxi series, which has similar character art design and style of music. Top Skater also served as a basic foundation for later skateboarding games including Activision's Tony Hawk's series. Top Skater had a sequel called Air Trix, released by Sega for arcades in 2001.

Development[edit]

The game was directed by Kenji Kanno and produced by AM3 general manager Hisao Oguchi.[4] The AM3 team wanted to make Top Skater a game which would allow players to explore unrealistically large skateboarding courses and perform the fantasy tricks associated with skateboarding's image, rather than a realistic simulation.[5] Because of this, recreating some of the tricks for motion capture would require an unusually large studio with equipment to propel the motion capture actor through the air, so all the animation was done by hand.[5] The primary target audience for the game was young Americans.[5][6]

None of the development team members skateboarded; instead, they watched professional skateboarders both live and on video for research.[5] An AM3 member explained the game's trick-based approach: "It wouldn't make any sense to make a skateboard racing game. You don't need to skateboard as fast as you can. I just wanted to make the game cool and fashionable. If the game were a racing game you wouldn't want to do any tricks as you'd be absorbed in trying to race as fast as possible".[5]

The team collaborated with Sega AM4 in designing the skateboard interface and cabinet.[5] They installed an MPEG board for the sound, since using MPEG boards had recently become more financially feasible.[5]

Soundtrack[edit]

The soundtrack of the game consisted entirely of these songs by the punk rock band Pennywise:

The developers selected Pennywise because they felt punk rock was both the most appropriate genre for the skateboarding theme and the best choice to excite players, and some members of the team were fans of the group.[5]

Release[edit]

The game debuted at a Sega arcade show, held at the Otaku Entertainment Plaza in Kamata, Tokyo, on March 15, 1996. It was one of four Sega games introduced at the show. The game was presented by Kenji Kanno and Hisao Oguchi, who both demonstrated some of the game's tricks.[4] The game made its North American debut the same month at Sega's GameWorks venue in Seattle.[2] The main sponsor of the game was Coca-Cola.

Reception[edit]

Upon its debut at the Otaku Entertainment Plaza, it was the most popular game at the show and drew long queues.[4] In Japan, Game Machine listed Top Skater on their June 15, 1997 issue as being the third most-successful dedicated arcade game of the month.[7]

The game received a positive critical response from Computer and Video Games magazine.[8]

Legacy[edit]

Kenji Kanno went on to create the Crazy Taxi series. Crazy Taxi (1999) has a similar style is like, notably the character art design and type of music. A sequel called Air Trix was released for the Sega Hikaru arcade system in 2001.

Activision's Tony Hawk's series was inspired by Top Skater. While developing the original Tony Hawk's Pro Skater (1999), the Neversoft development team spent lunch breaks at a bowling alley near the studio, where they would play and study from Top Skater in the arcade. Members of the team were fans of Top Skater, the design of which served as a strong basic influence.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Coin-Operated". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 20. Emap International Limited. June 1997. pp. 92–95.
  2. ^ a b Webb, Marcus (20 May 1997). "Sega and GameWorks". Next Generation. No. 30 (June 1997). Imagine Media. p. 28.
  3. ^ Mark J. P. Wolf (2008), The video game explosion: a history from PONG to Playstation and beyond, p. xx, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 0-313-33868-X
  4. ^ a b c "Arcade: Sega's Spring Arcade Private Show Report". Computer and Video Games. No. 188 (July 1997). EMAP. 11 June 1997. pp. 86–7.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Interview: Top Skater". Sega Saturn Magazine. No. 21. Emap International Limited. July 1997. pp. 54–59.
  6. ^ "An Interview with Hisao Oguchi". Next Generation. No. 32. Imagine Media. August 1997. p. 54.
  7. ^ "Game Machine's Best Hit Games 25 - 完成品夕イプのTVゲーム機 (Dedicated Videos)". Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 543. Amusement Press, Inc. 15 June 1997. p. 21.
  8. ^ "Top Skater: Sega Skateboarding". Computer and Video Games. No. 191 (October 1997). EMAP. 12 September 1997. pp. 84–5.
  9. ^ "The Making of Tony Hawk's Pro Skater". Retro Gamer. No. 131. 2014. pp. 84–7.